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Respostas de frangos de corte fêmeas de duas linhagens a dietas com diferentes perfis protéicos ideais; Responses of female broilers from two strain crosses to diets with differing ideal protein profiles

Vieira, Sérgio Luiz; Olmos, Alexandra Reali; Berres, Josemar; Freitas, Dimitri Moreira de; Coneglian, Jorge Luis Bernardon; Martinez, Jaime Ernesto Peña
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
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Foi conduzido um experimento com o objetivo de avaliar a formulação de dietas com diferentes perfis protéicos ideais para frangos de corte fêmeas. Foram usadas aves dos cruzamentos Cobb x Cobb 500 e Ross x Ross 308. As dietas foram fornecidas em um programa alimentar de quatro fases: 1 a 7, 7 a 21, 21 a 31 e 31 a 37 dias de idade. Até os 21 dias de idade, as aves receberam dietas com perfis protéicos ideais altos (A), médios (M) e baixos (B). De 21 dias até o final do experimento, houve uma redistribuição dos tratamentos em que metade das aves recebendo dieta A passaram a receber dieta B e metade daquelas recebendo dieta B passaram a receber dieta A. As aves recebendo dieta M permaneceram com o mesmo perfil protéico por todo o período experimental. Foi utilizado um delineamento inteiramente casualizado em arranjo fatorial com três perfis protéicos e duas linhagens até os 21 dias de idade e cinco perfis protéicos ideais e duas linhagens dos 21 aos 37 dias de idade As aves da linhagem Cobb apresentaram maior peso vivo aos 21 dias de idade e melhor conversão alimentar até o final do experimento, enquanto aves Ross apresentaram maior consumo de ração durante todo o período experimental. Ainda para frangos Ross, a proporção de carne de peito aos 31 dias de idade foi maior e a proporção de coxas + sobrecoxas...

Digestibility and performance of pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus) juveniles - fed diets containing different protein, lipid and carbohydrate levels

Abimorad, E. G.; Carneiro, D. J.
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Publicador: Blackwell Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1-9
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Due to lack of information on the use of non-protein energy sources in diets for pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus), a 2 x 2 x 3 factorial experiment was conducted to evaluate the performance and digestibility of 12 diets containing approximately two crude protein (CP; 220 and 250 g kg(-1)), two lipid (40 and 80 g kg(-1)) and three carbohydrate levels (410, 460 and 500 g kg(-1)). The pacu juveniles-fed diets containing 220 g kg(-1) CP did not respond (P > 0.05) to increased dietary lipid and carbohydrate levels, but the fish-fed diets containing 250 g kg(-1) CP showed a better feed conversion ratio. There were interactions in weight gain (WG), specific growth rate (SGR), crude protein intake (CPI) and feed conversion rate (FCR) dependent on dietary carbohydrate and lipid levels, showing positive effects of increasing carbohydrate levels only for fish-fed diets containing 80 g kg(-1) lipid level. However, when the diets contained 40 g kg(-1) lipid, the best energy productive value (EPV) results were obtained at 460 g kg(-1) carbohydrate. A higher usage of lipids (80 g kg(-1)) reduced CPI and was detrimental to protein [apparent digestibility coefficient (ADC)(CP)] and energy (ADC(GE)), but did not affect growth. The ADC(GE) improved proportionally as dietary carbohydrate levels increased (P < 0.05)...

Thermal study and physico-chemical characterization of some functional properties of guava seeds protein isolate (Psidium guajava)

Fontanari, G. G.; Batistuti, J. P.; Bannach, G.; Pastre, I. A.; Ionashiro, E. Y.; Fertonani, F. L.
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 709-713
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The guava seed protein isolate ( PI) was obtained from the protein precipitation belonging to the class of the gluteline (Ip 4.5). The conditions for the preparation of the PI were determined by both the solubility curve and simultaneous thermogravimetry-differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA): pH 11.5, absence of NaCl and whiteners and T=( 25 +/- 3) degrees C. Under these conditions a yield of 77.0 +/- 0.4%, protein content of 94.2 +/- 0.3, ashes 0.50 +/- 0.05% and thermal stability, T= 200 degrees C, were obtained. The TG-DTA curves and the PI emulsification capacity study showed the presence of hydrophobic microdomains at pH 11.5 and 3.0 suggesting a random coil protein conformation and, to pH 10.0, an open protein conformation. The capacity of emulsification (CE), in the absence of NaCl, was verified for: 1 - pH 3.0 and 8.5, using the IP extracted at pH 10.0 and 11.5, CE >= 343 +/- 5 g of emulsified oil/g of protein; 2 - pH 6.60 just for the PI obtained at pH 11.5, CE >= 140 +/- 8 g of emulsified oil/g of protein.

Expression and purification of human respiratory syncytial virus recombinant fusion protein

Arcuri, Helen A.; Apponi, Luciano H.; Valentini, Sandro R.; Durigon, Edison L.; Azevedo, Walter F. de; Fossey, Marcelo Andrés; Rahal, Paula; de Souza, Fatima P.
Fonte: Academic Press Inc. Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Academic Press Inc. Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 146-152
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Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Processo FAPESP: 02/08461-2; The Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus (HRSV) fusion protein (F) was expressed in Escherichia call BL21A using the pET28a vector at 37 degrees C. The protein was purified from the soluble fraction using affinity resin. The structural quality of the recombinant fusion protein and the estimation of its secondary structure were obtained by circular dichroism. Structural models of the fusion protein presented 46% of the helices in agreement with the spectra by circular dichroism analysis. There are only few studies that succeeded in expressing the HRSV fusion protein in bacteria. This is a report on human fusion protein expression in E. call and structure analysis, representing a step forward in the development of fusion protein F inhibitors and the production of antibodies. (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Maternal protein restriction affects gene expression and enzyme activity of intestinal disaccharidases in adult rat offspring

Pinheiro, D.F.; Pacheco, P.D.G.; Alvarenga, P.V.; Buratini Jr, J.; Castilho, A.C.S.; Lima, P.F.; Sartori, D.R.S.; Vicentini-Paulino, M.L.M.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC) Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 287-292
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This study investigated the consequences of intrauterine protein restriction on the gastrointestinal tract and particularly on the gene expression and activity of intestinal disaccharidases in the adult offspring. Wistar rat dams were fed isocaloric diets containing 6% protein (restricted, n = 8) or 17% protein (control, n = 8) throughout gestation. Male offspring (n = 5-8 in each group) were evaluated at 3 or 16 weeks of age. Maternal protein restriction during pregnancy produced offspring with growth restriction from birth (5.7 ± 0.1 vs 6.3 ± 0.1?g; mean ± SE) to weaning (42.4 ± 1.3 vs 49.1 ± 1.6?g), although at 16 weeks of age their body weight was similar to control (421.7 ± 8.9 and 428.5 ± 8.5?g). Maternal protein restriction also increased lactase activity in the proximal (0.23 ± 0.02 vs 0.15 ± 0.02), medial (0.30 ± 0.06 vs 0.14 ± 0.01) and distal (0.43 ± 0.07 vs 0.07 ± 0.02 U·g-1·min-1) small intestine, and mRNA lactase abundance in the proximal intestine (7.96 ± 1.11 vs 2.38 ± 0.47 relative units) of 3-week-old offspring rats. In addition, maternal protein restriction increased sucrase activity (1.20 ± 0.02 vs 0.91 ± 0.02 U·g-1·min-1) and sucrase mRNA abundance (4.48 ± 0.51 vs 1.95 ± 0.17 relative units) in the duodenum of 16-week-old rats. In conclusion...

Trypanosoma cruzi: identification and characterization of a novel ribosomal protein L27 (TcrL27) that cross-reacts with an affinity-purified anti-Sm antibody

Perone, D.; Santos, MAM; Peixoto, M. S.; Cicarelli, RMB
Fonte: Cambridge University Press Publicador: Cambridge University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 577-583
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Small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs)are involved in trans-splicing processing of pre-mRNA in Trypanosoma cruzi. To clone T. cruzi snRNPs we screened an epimastigote cDNA library with a purified antibody raised against the Sm-binding site of a yeast sequence. A clone was obtained containing a 507 bp-insert with an ORF of 399 bp and coding for a protein of 133 amino acids. Sequence analysis revealed high identity with the L27 ribosomal proteins from different species including: Canis familiaris, Homo sapiens, Schizosaccharomyces pombe and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This protein has not been previously described in the literature and seems to be a new ribosomal protein in T. cruzi and was given the code TcrL27. To express this recombinant T. cruzi L27 ribosomal protein in E. coli, the insert was subcloned into the pET32a vector and a 26 kDa recombinant protein was purified. Immunoblotting studies demonstrated that this purified recombinant protein was recognized by the same anti-Sm serum used in the library screening as well as by chagasic and systemic lupus erythemathosus (SLE) sera. Our results suggest that the T. cruzi L27 ribosomal protein may be involved in autoimmunity of Chagas disease.

EFFECTS OF DIETARY-PROTEIN, ANGIOTENSIN-I CONVERTING-ENZYME INHIBITION AND MESANGIAL OVERLOAD ON THE PROGRESSION OF ADRIAMYCIN-INDUCED NEPHROPATHY

Barretti, Pasqual; Viero, R. M.; Soares, V. A.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC) Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 39-50
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Adriamycin, a commonly used antineoplastic antibiotic, induces glomerular lesions in rats, resulting in persistent proteinuria and glomerulosclerosis. We studied the effects of dietary protein and of an angiotensin I converting enzyme inhibitor on the progression of this nephropathy and the evolution of the histological lesions, as well as mesangial macromolecule flow. Adriamycin nephropathy was induced by injecting a single iv dose of adriamycin (3 mg/kg body weight) into the tail vein of male Wistar rats (weight, 180-200 g). In Experiment I animals with adriamycin-induced nephropathy were fed diets containing 6% (Low-Protein Diet Group = LPDG), 20% (Normal-Protein Diet Group = NPDG) and 40% (High-protein Diet Group = HPDG) protein and were observed for 30 weeks. In Experiment II the rats with adriamycin nephropathy were divided into 2 groups: ADR, that received adriamycin alone, and ADR-ENA, that received adriamycin plus enalapril, an angiotensin I converting enzyme inhibitor. The animals were sacrificed after a 24-week observation period. Six hours before sacrifice the animals were injected with I-131-ferritin and the amount of I-131-ferritin in the glomeruli was measured. In Experiment III, renal histology was performed 4, 8 and 16 weeks after adriamycin injection. At the end of Experiment I the tubulointerstitial lesion index was 2 for LPDG...

Protein malnutrition does not impair glucose metabolism adaptations to exercise-training

Galdino, R.; Almeida, CCD; Luciano, E.; de Mello, MAR
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 527-535
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Malnutrition is a common health problem in developing countries and is associated with alterations in glucose metabolism. In the present study we examine the effects of chronic aerobic exercise on some aspects of glucose metabolism in protein-deficient rats. Two groups of adult rats (90 days old) were used: Normal protein group (17%P)- kept on a normal protein diet during intra-uterine and postnatal life and Low protein group (6%P)- kept on a low protein diet during intrauterine and post natal life. After weaning (21 days old), half of the 17%P and 6%P rats were assigned to a Sedentary (Sed) or an Exercise-trained (Exerc = swimming, 1 hr/day, 5 days/week, supporting an overload of 5% of body weight) subgroup. The area under blood glucose concentration curve (Delta G) after an oral glucose load was higher in 17%P Sed rats (20%) than in other rats and lower in 6%P Exerc (11%) in relation to 6% Sed rats. The post-glucose increase in blood insulin (Delta I) was also higher in 17%P Sed (9%) than in other rats. on the other hand, the glucose disappearance rate after exogenous subcutaneous insulin administration (Kitt) was lower in 17%P Sed rats (66%) than in other rats. Glucose uptake by soleus muscle was higher in Exerc rats (30%) than in Sed rats. Soleus muscle glycogen synthesis was reduced in 6%P Sed rats (41%) compared to 17%P Sed rats but was restored in 6%P Exerc rats. Glycogen concentration was elevated in Exerc (32%) rats in comparison to Sed rats. The present results indicate that glucose-induced insulin release is reduced in rats fed low protein diet. This defect is counteracted by an increase in the sensitivity of the target tissues to insulin and glucose homeostasis is maintained. This adaptation allows protein deficient rats to preserve the ability to appropriately adapt to aerobic physical exercise training. (C) 2000 Elsevier B.V.

Morphometric study of the small intestinal mucosa in young, adult, and old rats submitted to protein deficiency and rehabilitation

Rodrigues, M. A M; de Camargo, J. L V; Coelho, K. I R; Montenegro, M. R.; Angeleli, A. Y.; Burini, R. C.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 816-821
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Linear and stereological morphometric methods were applied to the jejunal and ileal mucosa of young, adult, and old male Wistar rats submitted to protein deficiency and rehabilitation. The animals were fed ad libitum a 2% casein diet during 42 days and then received a 20% casein diet for 30 days. Food intake, body weights, and plasma protein concentrations were recorded. In the young protein deficient rats values of mucosal height, surface area, and volume of the lamina propria were significantly lower than those of their age controls in both jejunum and ileum. In adults the differences were less marked and in the old rats all parameters were found to be unaltered by the protein deficient diet. The surface-to-volume ratio showed no significant differences between control and protein deficient in all three age groups, meaning that villus pattern did not change with protein deficiency. On rehabilitation, a striking difference between jejunum and ileum was observed in the young rats; all parameters returned to control levels in the jejunum, while they remained lower than those of their controls in the ileum.

COX24 codes for a mitochondrial protein required for processing of the COX1 transcript

Barros, Mario H.; Myers, Alan M.; Van Driesche, Sarah; Tzagoloff, Alexander
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 3743-3751
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In most strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae the mitochondrial gene COX1, for subunit 1 of cytochrome oxidase, contains multiple exons and introns. Processing of COX1 primary transcript requires accessory proteins factors, some of which are encoded by nuclear genes and others by reading frames residing in some of the introns of the COX1 and COB genes. Here we show that the low molecular weight protein product of open reading frame YLR204W, for which we propose the name COX24, is also involved in processing of COX1 RNA intermediates. The growth defect of cox24 mutants is partially rescued in strains harboring mitochondrial DNA lacking introns. Northern blot analyses of mitochondrial transcripts indicate cox24 null mutants to be blocked in processing of introns aI2 and aI3. The dependence of intron aI3 excision on Cox24p is also supported by the growth properties of the cox24 mutant harboring mitochondrial DNA with different intron compositions. The intermediate phenotype of the cox24 mutant in the background of intronless mitochondrial DNA, however, suggests that in addition to its role in splicing of the COX1 pre-mRNA, Cox24p still has another function. Based on the analysis of a cox14-cox24 double mutant, we propose that the other function of Cox24p is related to translation of the COX1 mRNA. © 2006 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology...

Human interferon B1 ser17: Coding DNA synthesis, expression, purification and characterization of bioactive recombinant protein

Villela Dr, Anne; Renard, Gaby; Palma, Mario Sergio; Chies, Jocelei Maria; Dalmora, Sérgio Luiz; Basso, Luiz Augusto; Santos, Diógenes Santiago
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 111-117
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A protocol to produce large amounts of bioactive homogeneous human interferon ?1 expressed in Escherichia coli was developed. Human interferon ?1 ser17 gene was constructed, cloned and subcloned, and the recombinant protein expressed in E. coli cells. Solubilization of recombinant human interferon ?1 ser17 (rhIFN-?1 ser17) was accomplished by employing a brief shift to high alkaline pH in the presence of non-ionic detergent. The recombinant protein was purifi ed by three chromatographic steps. N-terminal amino acid sequencing and mass spectrometry analysis provided experimental evidence for the identity of the recombinant protein. Reverse phase liquid chromatography demonstrated that the content of deamidates and sulphoxides was similar to a commercial standard. Size exclusion chromatography demonstrated the absence of high molecular mass aggregates and dimers. The protocol represents an effi cient and high-yield method to obtain bioactive homogeneous monomeric rhIFN-?1 ser17 protein. It may thus represent an important step towards scaling up for rhIFN-?1 ser17 large-scale production. © 2010 Villela AD, et al.

An optimised electrochemical biosensor for the label-free detection of C-reactive protein in blood

Bryan, Thomas; Luo, Xiliang; Bueno, Paulo R.; Davis, Jason J.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 94-98
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C-reactive protein (CRP) is an acute phase protein whose levels are increased in many disorders. There exists, in particular, a great deal of interest in the correlation between blood serum levels and the severity of risk for cardiovascular disease. A sensitive, label-free, non-amplified and reusable electrochemical impedimetric biosensor for the detection of CRP in blood serum was developed herein based on controlled and coverage optimised antibody immobilization on standard polycrystalline gold electrodes. Charge transfer resistance changes were highly target specific, linear with log. CRP. concentration across a 0.5-50. nM range and associated with a limit of detection of 176. pM. Significantly, the detection limits are better than those of current CRP clinical methods and the assays are potentially cheap, relatively automated, reusable, multiplexed and highly portable. The generated interfaces were capable not only of comfortably quantifying CRP across a clinically relevant range of concentrations but also of doing this in whole blood serum with interfaces that were, subsequently, reusable. The importance of optimising receptor layer resistance in maximising assay sensitivity is also detailed. © 2012.

Implications of intrauterine protein malnutrition on prostate growth, maturation and aging

Rinaldi, Jaqueline C.; Justulin Jr., Luis A.; Lacorte, Livia M.; Sarobo, Carolina; Boer, Patricia A.; Scarano, Wellerson R.; Felisbino, Sergio L.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 763-774
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Aims Maternal malnutrition by low protein diet is associated with an increased incidence of metabolic disorders and decreased male fertility in adult life. This study aimed to assess the impact of maternal protein malnutrition (MPM) on prostate growth, tissue organization and lesion incidence with aging. Main methods Wistar rat dams were distributed into two groups, which were control (NP; fed a normal diet containing 17% protein) or a restricted protein diet (RP, fed a diet containing 6% protein) during gestation. After delivery all mothers and offspring received a normal diet. Biometrical parameters, hormonal levels and prostates were harvested at post-natal days (PND) 30, 120 and 360. Key findings MPM promoted low birth weight, decreased ano-genital distance (AGD) and reduced androgen plasma levels of male pups. Prostatic lobes from RP groups presented reduced glandular weight, epithelial cell height and alveolar diameter. The epithelial cell proliferation and collagen deposition were increased in RP group. Incidences of epithelial dysplasia and prostatitis were higher in the RP offspring than in the NP offspring at PND360. Significance Our findings show that MPM delays prostate development, growth and maturation until adulthood...

Decreased rate of protein synthesis, caspase-3 activity, and ubiquitin-proteasome proteolysis in soleus muscles from growing rats fed a low-protein, high-carbohydrate diet

Batistela, Emanuele; Pereira, Mayara Peron; Siqueira, Juliany Torres; Paula-Gomes, Silvia; Zanon, Neusa Maria; Oliveira, Eduardo Brandt; Carvalho Navegantes, Luiz Carlos; Kettelhut, Isis C.; Balbinotti Andrade, Claudia Marlise; Kawashita, Nair Honda; Bavi
Fonte: Canadian Science Publishing, Nrc Research Press Publicador: Canadian Science Publishing, Nrc Research Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 445-454
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Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in the rates of both protein synthesis and breakdown, and the activation of intracellular effectors that control these processes in soleus muscles from growing rats fed a low-protein, high-carbohydrate (LPHC) diet for 15 days. The mass and the protein content, as well as the rate of protein synthesis, were decreased in the soleus from LPHC-fed rats. The availability of amino acids was diminished, since the levels of various essential amino acids were decreased in the plasma of LPHC-fed rats. Overall rate of proteolysis was also decreased, explained by reductions in the mRNA levels of atrogin-1 and MuRF-1, ubiquitin conjugates, proteasome activity, and in the activity of caspase-3. Soleus muscles from LPHC-fed rats showed increased insulin sensitivity, with increased levels of insulin receptor and phosphorylation levels of AKT, which probably explains the inhibition of both the caspase-3 activity and the ubiquitin-proteasome system. The fall of muscle proteolysis seems to represent an adaptive response that contributes to spare proteins in a condition of diminished availability of dietary amino acids. Furthermore...

Avaliação do desenvolvimento de girassol por meio de analise de proteinas e metaloproteinas; Evaluation of sunflower development based on protein metalloprotein analysis

Jerusa Simone Garcia
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/09/2006 Português
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Este trabalho de Tese apresenta os resultados referentes ao crescimento e ao desenvolvimento da cultura de girassol (Helianthus annuus L.) submetida a 7 tratamentos e as suas inter-relações com as análises de proteínas e metaloproteínas. Em quatro tratamentos, foram adicionadas soluções de íons metálicos (Cd, Cu, Pb e Zn) ao substrato. Em outros dois tratamentos, usados como testemunhos, foi empregada somente água desionizada para a irrigação das plantas. No último tratamento foi acrescentada uma solução denominada mista, contendo simultaneamente os 4 contaminantes. Nos tratamentos foi avaliada a altura das plantas, a biomassa produzida e a distribuição e translocação de nutrientes do substrato para as partes do girassol. As plantas submetidas à contaminação com a solução mista foram as mais afetadas em termos fisiológicos. Também foi investigada a influência das espécies metálicas na composição protéica. Para isso, foi feita a extração das proteínas presentes no sistema foliar, caulinar e radicular dos girassóis, sendo, em seguida, determinada a concentração das proteínas totais. As proteínas das folhas foram ainda separadas utilizando a eletroforese do tipo SDS-PAGE. Este processo possibilitou identificar...

Caraterização de mediadores envolvidos na regulação da secreção de insulina em ilhotas de Langerhans de camundungos submetidos a restrição proteica e suplementados com leucina; Characterization of mediators involved in the regulation of insulin secretion in pancreatic from mice maintaned on a low protein diet and supplemented with leucine

Andressa Godoy Amaral
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/07/2008 Português
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Restrição protéica pós-desmame induz redução na liberação de insulina, resultado de alterações morfo-fisiológicas nas ilhotas de Langerhans. Leucina, aminoácido chave de nosso estudo, exerce uma modulação importante no processo de secreção de insulina e síntese protéica. Camundongos swiss com 21 dias receberam dieta normoprotéica ? 17% (C) ou hipoprotéica ? 6% (D) por 60 dias. Em seguida, os grupos foram redivididos e receberam leucina 1,5% (Leu) na água de beber por 30 dias (CL e DL). Caracterizamos o modelo de restrição protéica através da avaliação de parâmetros bioquímicos plasmáticos e de teste de tolerância à glicose e à insulina. Avaliamos nas ilhotas desses animais a secreção de insulina frente a diferentes secretagogos, a expressão de proteínas chaves envolvidas no processo de regulação da secreção de insulina, a sobrevivência celular e as oscilações citoplasmáticas de cálcio. Os animais desnutridos se mostraram mais sensíveis à insulina e com melhor captação periférica de glicose, sendo que a Leu não influenciou neste parâmetro. Frente aos estímulos testados: glicose, carbacol, leucina e KIC, as ilhotas dos animais D secretam significativamente menos insulina quando comparados com C e com exceção do KIC...

Programação da ontogenese renal em um modelo de restrição proteica gestacional : estudos em cultrua de metanefro e in vivo; Renal ontogenesisprogramming by maternal protein restriction : metanephroi culture and in vivo studies

Flavia Fernandes Mesquita
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/01/2010 Português
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O desenvolvimento renal é finamente orquestrado por diversos fatores e pequenas modificações neste mecanismo podem resultar no fenótipo de menor número de glomérulos, até agenesia renal. A programação fetal por restrição proteica gestacional está relacionada com a hipertensão arterial manifestada no indivíduo adulto submetido à dieta hipoproteica durante a fase uterina. Estudos descrevem que a "hipertensão programada" pode estar relacionada ao menor número de nefro (30%) encontrado nestes indivíduos. Dados obtidos em animais também confirmam a relação entre dieta materna e número de nefro em animais adultos. Esta tese tem por objetivo determinar desde qual ponto do desenvolvimento a organogênese renal pode ser influenciada pela restrição proteica gestacional, bem como determinar quais adaptações renais, morfológicas e funcionais, o animal sofre em sua vida adulta, relacionadas ao perfil hipertensivo. Ratos Wistar fêmea foram submetidas a dieta hipoproteica durante a gestação, e a prole de machos foi estudada nos experimentos seguintes: A cultura de metanefro mostrou que na idade gestacional de 14.25 dias, o metanefro do embrião desnutrido proteicamente já está "programado" a se ramificar menos do que o controle...

Efeitos metabolicos induzidos pelo consumo de dietas com caseina (padrão) e proteinas de soro de leite bovino (isolado e hidrolisado) usadas como unica fonte proteica em ratos (wistar) submetidos a treinamento fisico em esteira; Induced metabolic changes by consumption of casein (standard) and bovine milk whey protein (isolate and hydrolysate) used as the only protein source in rats (Wistar) submitted to physical training in mat

Maria Ines Abecia-Soria
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/04/2010 Português
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As proteínas do soro de leite são consideradas de alto valor nutritivo. Elas têm escore químico superior às de outras proteínas de origem animal, possuem elevadas concentrações de aminoácidos de cadeia ramificada (BCAA), com excelente balanço e biodisponibilidade de aminoácidos essenciais. As proteínas de soro de leite vêm sendo largamente utilizadas pela indústria de alimentos como suplemento na alimentação de esportistas, devido às suas características fisiológicas e funcionais, destacando-se o uso dos hidrolisados, que tem sido recomendado para situações de estresse metabólico como o exercício físico em que a reposição de proteínas no organismo se torna necessária. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar alterações metabólicas induzidas pelo consumo de proteínas do soro de leite [isolado (ISL) e seu hidrolisado (HSL) com grau de hidrólise 10%] em comparação com a dieta padrão [caseína (CAS)], utilizadas como única fonte protéica em ratos submetidos ao exercício físico. Foram utilizados 96 ratos machos Wistar (~100g) divididos em grupos segundo o tipo de dieta (CAS, ISL e HSL) e a intensidade do exercício físico [treinados (T), treinados exaustos (TEX), sedentários (S) e sedentários exaustos (SEX)] durante 35 dias. Os seguintes parâmetros foram analisados: tempo de exaustão...

Atividade antioxidante de produtos proteicos de linhaça (Linum usitatissimum L.); Antioxidante activity of flaxseed protein products (Linum usitatissimum L.)

Fernanda Guimarães Drummond e Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: dissertação de mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/04/2012 Português
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Existem evidências numerosas sobre o papel dos radicais livres em uma série de condições patológicas, incluindo envelhecimento, câncer, esclerose múltipla, doenças cardiovasculares. Hidrolisados protéicos de diferentes fontes têm sido estudados por seu potencial antioxidante. A atuação antioxidante da proteína, na maioria das vezes, encontra-se limitada devido à conformação espacial, que concentra resíduos capazes de neutralizar radicais livres no interior da molécula, dificultando o acesso das espécies reativas aos centros nucleofílicos. A hidrólise da proteína contribui para aumentar a exposição desses resíduos de aminoácidos, aumentando sua atuação como antioxidante. Compostos fenólicos podem estar presentes em hidrolisados proteicos de origem vegetal, devido a sua associação com as proteínas. Métodos in vitro que simulam as condições do trato gastrointestinal permitem estudar como a digestão pode interferir na atividade antioxidante de peptídeos e compostos fenólicos. O presente trabalho tem como objetivos obter hidrolisados proteicos com capacidade antioxidante a partir da farinha de linhaça e avaliar o efeito da digestão in vitro pode interferir nessa atividade. A farinha de linhaça marrom foi desengordurada...

Determinação de diagramas de fases e do segundo coeficiente virial osmótico B22 na cristalização de proteínas com sal volátil carbamato de amônio; Determination of phase diagrams and osmotic second virial coefficient B22 in protein crystallization with the volatile salt ammonium carbamate

Gisele Atsuko Medeiros Hirata
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/12/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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O segundo coeficiente virial osmótico, B22, tem sido considerado um preditor para o processo de cristalização. Uma faixa relativamente estreita de valores negativos de B22, -1x10-4 a -8x10-4 mL.mol/g2, é ideal à formação de cristais de acordo com George e Wilson (1994). Essa faixa de valores de B22 é denominada de "janela de cristalização", sendo utilizada para classificar condições adequadas de solvente à formação de cristais. Para valores maiores que -1x10-4 mL.mol/g2, a interação proteína-proteína não é suficientemente forte para a cristalização e nenhuma fase sólida é formada, enquanto para valores menores que -8x10-4 mL.mol/g2, as interações proteína-proteína são muito intensas e precipitados amorfos são formados. Dessa forma, os valores de B22 se tornaram um critério de seleção para a cristalização de proteínas, uma vez que esse coeficiente pode ser determinado por diversos métodos. Este trabalho teve como objetivo determinar experimentalmente diagramas de fases de proteínas (lisozima, insulina suína e bovina) e identificar nesses diagramas, através de análise dos valores do B22, as condições nas quais ocorre a formação de precipitado amorfo, cristalino ou outras fases (por exemplo...