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Effect of chloride concentration on the electrochemical treatment of a synthetic tannery wastewater

COSTA, Carla Regina; Olivi, Paulo
Fonte: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD Publicador: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Tipo: article; proceedings paper; publishedversion
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.99%
The electrochemical treatment of a synthetic tannery wastewater prepared with 30 compounds used in animal skin processing was studied. Electrolyses were performed in a one-compartment flow cell at a current density of 20 mA cm(-2), using a dimensionally stable anode (DSA (R)) of composition Ti/Ir(0.10)Sn(0.90)O(2) as the working electrode. Effects of chloride concentration and presence of sulfate were evaluated. Variation in the concentration of phenolic compounds as a function of electrolysis time revealed a first-order exponential decay; faster phenol removals were obtained with increasing chloride concentration in the wastewater. Lower phenol removals were obtained in the presence of sulfate. Higher chloride concentrations led to a faster decrease in total organic carbon (TOC), chemical oxygen demand (COD), and absorbance values at 228 nm. Faster wastewater color removal, higher current efficiency and lower energy consumption were also obtained. This electrochemical treatment was also able to reduce the wastewater toxicity for Daphnia similis. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Sanitation assessment of wastewater treated by stabilization ponds for potential reuse in agricultural irrigation sanitation assessment

PIVELLI, R. P.; GUNTHER, W. M. R.; MATTE, G. R.; RAZZOLINI, M. T. P.; CUTOLO, S. A.; MARTONE-ROCHA, S.; PETERNELLA, F. A. S.; DORIA, M. C. O.; MATTE, M. H.
Fonte: WATER ENVIRONMENT FEDERATION Publicador: WATER ENVIRONMENT FEDERATION
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Wastewater reuse has become an important alternative to agricultural irrigation; on the other hand, it poses concern with regard to public health. Total coliform and Escherichia coli concentration, presence of helminth eggs and Salmonella, and physical-chemical parameters were evaluated in raw and treated wastewater. Chemical and biochemical oxygen demand removal efficiency was 74.6 and 77.9%, respectively. As for organic nitrogen, total phosphorus, and total suspended solids, total efficiency removal was 17.4, 12.5, and 32.9%, respectively. The average density of total coliforms and E. coli was 3.5 x 10(9) and 1.8 x 10(8) MPN/100 mL and 1.1 x 10(7) MPN/100 mL and 3.9 x 10(5) MPN/100 mL for raw and treated wastewater, respectively. Ascaris eggs were observed in 80.8% of the samples collected, and viable eggs in 42.3% of the samples. Salmonella was detected in 36.4% of the samples. The values observed in treated wastewater did not show the adequate bacteriological quality, as recommended by World Health Organization (Geneva, Switzerland). Therefore, additional measures should be taken to achieve an improved microbiological and parasitological quality.

Caracterização, pesquisa dos genes de virulência e beta-lactamases em Aeromonas hydrophila provenientes de esgoto e lodo tratados; Characterization, investigation of virulence Genes and beta-lactamases in Aeromonas hydrophila from treated wastewater and sludge

Oliveira, Danielle Escudeiro de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: dissertação de mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/09/2011 Português
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Introdução: Bactérias do gênero Aeromonas estão presentes em ambientes de água doce, salgada e salobra. O isolamento destes microrganismos já foi relatado em água de abastecimento público e alimentos. Algumas espécies podem ser patogênicas ao homem, causando gastrenterites e outras infecções. Isolados de Aeromonas de fontes diversas expressam resistência a antimicrobianos, especialmente a -lactâmicos, devido à presença de enzimas -lactamases. A patogenicidade das espécies se deve à virulência multifatorial, que compreende a produção de enterotoxinas (Act, Alt e Ast), de elastase, presença de flagelo, entre outros. Objetivo: Isolar, identificar e quantificar Aeromonas hydrophila isoladas de esgoto e lodo tratado; pesquisar a ocorrência dos genes de virulência e resistência a -lactâmicos. Material e Métodos: A detecção e quantificação de Aeromonas hydrophila foram realizadas por meio da técnica de membrana filtrante e meio de cultura específico; a identificação foi realizada por meio da PCR utilizando um par de primers específicos para a espécie. Após a confirmação da espécie foi realizado o antibiograma para conhecer o perfil de resistência aos antibióticos; a pesquisa dos genes de virulência act...

Geração de energia elétrica a partir de eletrodos imersos em sistema do tipo célula a biocombustível composta por reator anaeróbio e reator aeróbio operados em série alimentado com esgoto sanitário; Generation of electric energy from electrodes immersed in system named of biofuel cell consisted of an anaerobic and an aerobic reactor operated in series fed with wastewater

Gonzalez, Beatriz Cruz
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/08/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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A presente pesquisa teve como objetivo primordial a verificação da viabilidade técnica de empregar sistema do tipo célula a biocombustível para tratamento de esgoto sanitário com geração de energia elétrica. A célula a biocombustível, em escala de bancada, adotada foi constituída por reator anaeróbio seguido de reator aeróbio, visando à remoção de matéria orgânica carbonácea e à nitrificação Cada reator apresentou área de 0,6275 m2 e volume útil de 24,0 L. A célula a biocombustível foi alimentada com esgoto sanitário com tempo de detenção hidráulica médio de 8 horas (nos dois módulos). Em cada reator instalou-se um eletrodo imerso, de modo que os dois eletrodos foram unidos por fio condutor externo. Foi verificada a potencialidade do sistema em gerar energia elétrica a partir das reações químicas e bioquímicas que se deram junto aos eletrodos e nos biofilmes aderidos aos mesmos. A operação da célula a biocombustível foi dividida em cinco Fases, denominadas de I, II, III, IV e V, sendo que o fator principal que distinguiu essas Fases consistiu no material eletródico. Manta de fibra de carbono e placa de grafite foram adotadas como ânodo da célula (reator anaeróbio). Chapa de aço inoxidável (AISI 316) e malhas de aço inoxidável (AISI 316) foram usadas como cátodo do sistema (reator aeróbio). Para monitoramento do sistema foram realizadas análises físico-químicas do afluente...

Avaliação da remoção de Giardia spp. e Cryptosporidium spp. em processos de tratamento de esgoto sanitário; Assessment of removal of Giardia spp. and Cryptosporidium spp. from wastewater treatment processes

Medeiros, Raphael Corrêa
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/09/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Este trabalho teve o intuito de avaliar a eficiência de remoção de protozoários patogênicos - Giardia spp. e Cryptosporidium spp. - em processos de tratamento de esgoto sanitário por reator UASB, lodos ativados, filtro lento em areia e diferentes desinfetantes. A recuperação de cistos de Giardia e de oocistos de Cryptosporidium, realizada por diferentes metodologias e utilizando ColorSeed®, foi de, respectivamente, 85 e 20% em esgoto bruto, e 62,5 e 17,5% em efluente tratado, quando foi utilizado o método de tripla centrifugação. Cistos de Giardia foram encontrados em 100% as amostras de esgoto pesquisadas, com média de 1,5 x 104 cistos por litro e oocistos de Cryptosporidium em 31,4% com média 3,1 x 10² oocistos por litro, em esgoto bruto. No tratamento biológico por reator UASB seguido de Lodos Ativados, a remoção de cisto de Giardia e esporos de Clostridium perfringens foram estatisticamente menores que as remoções de E. coli e coliformes totais. Não foram encontrados (oo)cistos após o tratamento terciário realizado através da filtração lenta em areia. Houve remoção estatisticamente maior na ETE em escala plena para coliformes totais e Clostridium perfringens. E. coli e cistos de Giardia, em ambas ETEs...

Tratamento anaeróbio de efluente de curtume de acabamento auxiliado com membranas; Anaerobic treatment of finishing-tannery wastewater in association with membranes

Beal, Lademir Luiz; Monteggia, Luiz Olinto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.99%
O presente artigo versa sobre tratamento anaeróbio auxiliado com membranas de micro e ultrafiltração tratando efluente de curtume de acabamento. Na planta piloto foi utilizado um reator de mistura completa e as pressões de operação nas membranas de micro e ultrafiltração forma de 8 kgf/cm2, 6 kgf/cm2 e 4 kgf/cm2 nas três etapas de estudo. As eficiências médias relativas a remoção de DQO variaram de 68% a 82%. A remoção de cromo média foi acima de 95% nas três etapas de estudo. Este artigo também comenta o comportamento de taninos e sólidos totais e voláteis. Verificou-se que para efluentes de curtume de acabamento este processo apresentou uma eficiência acima do esperado para diversos parâmetros, possibilitando a utilização do efluente tratado em alguns banhos no processo de curtimento e outras finalidades como limpeza de pisos e pátios.; This paper present anaerobic treatment of finishing tannery wastewater, associated with micro and ultrafiltration. At the pilot plant was used a CSTR. The operation pressures on the micro and ultrafiltration membranes were 8 kgf/cm2, 6 kgf/cm2 and 4 kgf/cm2 in the three steps of this research. The COD removal efficiencies were from 68% to 82%. Chromium removal was more than 95% in the three steps of this research. This paper also comment the behavior of the tannins...

Treatment of simulated wastewater containing n-phenyl-n-isopropyl-p-phenylenediamine using electrolysis system with Ti/TiRuO2 electrodes

Inazaki, Thelma Helena; Pião, Antonio Carlos Simões; Bidoia, Ederio Dino
Fonte: Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology Publicador: Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 983-984
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.99%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); O presente trabalho apresenta os resultados dos tratamentos eletrolíticos (05; 15; 30; 45 e 60 min) no efluente simulado com o composto Flexzone 3P, utilizando-se eletrodos de Ti/TiRuO2, sob 0,025 A cm-2. Após as eletrólises, foram feitas análises de pH, condutividade, espectrofotometria no UV-vis, análise por cromatografia gasosa, ensaios de toxicidade utilizando Saccharomyces cerevisiae e ensaio de respirometria de Bartha. O pH dos efluentes foi diminuindo à medida que aumentou- se o tempo de eletrólise, ao contrário da condutividade, a qual apresentou pequeno aumento. Verificou-se que após 60 min de tratamento foi obtida diminuição da concentração do composto Flexzone 3P em 65,1%. Analisando-se os espectros de UV-vis e cromatogramas do efluente após realização do tratamento eletrolítico, concluiu-se que ocorreram oxidações e transformações de funções orgânicas do composto, durante os tratamentos. Após a realização do tratamento eletrolítico, o efluente simulado apresentou diminuição da toxicidade a S. cerevisiae...

Partial characterization of the polluting load of swine wastewater treated with an integrated biodigestion system

Ferreira, FLA; de Lucas, J.; do Amaral, L. A.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 101-108
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The stabilization of swine wastewaters from swine confined housing by the combination of a upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor and waste stabilization ponds is a viable alternative to minimize the environmental impact caused by inadequate disposal of swine wastewaters. In the present study, the polluting load of pre-decanted swine wastewater treated with a series of two 0.705 m(3) UASB reactors and then in parallel in aerated and non-aerated stabilization tanks was investigated from January to July, 2000. Physicochemical and microbiological analyses were made adopting standard methods (Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater, 19th ed., American Public Health Association, Washington, DC, 1995). COD values decreased as the wastewater ran through the integrated biodigestion system dropping from about 3492 +/- 511-4094 mg l(-1) +/- 481 to 124 +/- 52-490 mg l(-1) +/- 230, while nitrate and nitrite levels increased in stabilization tanks, ranging respectively from 4 +/- 0 to 20 mg l(-1) +/- 3 and 3 +/- 1 to 11 mg l(-1) +/- 24. Although the removal of Escherichia coli was more than 97% +/- 6, the effluents of the treatment system still contained unacceptable levels of E. coli (1.6 x 10(3)-1.2 x 10(6) 100 ml(-1)) according to WHO guidelines for use of wastewater in agriculture and aquaculture. These results indicate the necessity of changes on operational characteristics of the treatment system such as an increase of the hydraulic retention time in UASB reactors or in stabilization tanks. (C) 2003 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Electrochemical oxidation of wastewater containing aromatic amines using a flow electrolytic reactor

Moraes, Peterson B.; Bertazzoli, Rodnei; Bidoia, Ederio Dino
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1-14
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Aromatic amines are environmental pollutants and represent one of the most important classes of industrial and natural chemicals. Some types of complex effluents containing these chemical species, mainly those originated from chemicals plants are not fully efficiently treated by conventional processes. In this work, the use of electrochemical technology through an electrolytic pilot scale flow reactor is considered for treatment of wastewater of a chemical industry manufacturer of antioxidant and anti-ozonant substances used in rubber. Experimental results showed that was possible to remove between 65% and 95% of apparent colour and chemical oxygen demand removal between 30 and 90% in 60 min of treatment, with energy consumption rate from 26 kWh m-3 to 31 kWh m-3. Absorbance, total organic carbon and toxicity analyses resulted in no formation of toxic by-products. The results suggest that the presented electrochemical process is a suitable method for treating this type of wastewater, mainly when pre-treated by aeration. Copyright © 2013 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

Tratabilidade de esgoto sanitario contendo formaldeido em um sistema combinado filtro anaerobio-biofiltro aerado submerso; Treatability of domestic wastewater containing folmaldehyde in a combined system anaerobic filter and biological aerated filter

Renata Castagnato
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: dissertação de mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/08/2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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O formaldeído é um composto orgânico muito utilizado em diversos setores da indústria e serviços de saúde. Em hospitais e laboratórios de anatomia, ele é empregado em solução de 8 a 10 %, que ao se tornar imprópria para uso, necessita ser disposta adequadamente para não afetar os ecossistemas presentes nos corpos d?água ou nos processos biológicos das estações de tratamento de esgotos. Pois, dependendo da concentração que o formaldeído se encontra, pode ser extremamente tóxico. O presente estudo teve o objetivo de verificar a tratabilidade de esgoto sanitário contendo formaldeído em um sistema combinado composto de um filtro anaeróbio (FA) seguido de um biofiltro aerado submerso (BAS). O volume útil de cada reator era de 17,6 L e o tempo de detenção hidráulica de 12 h. As concentrações de formaldeído aplicadas ao esgoto sanitário afluente ao sistema foram de 50, 100, 200 e 400 mg L-1, dividas em quatro fases de operação. Durante o monitoramento do sistema, foi verificado que a eficiência de remoção de formaldeído variou de 85,0 a 99,4 %, sendo que a partir do início da segunda fase (quando a concentração aplicada era de 100 mg L-1), a média de remoção foi de 98,0 ± 1,2 %. A média de remoção de DQO...

Cultivo heterotrófico da cianobactéria Phormidium sp. empregando diferentes carboidratos e manipueira como fonte de carbono orgânico; Heterotrophic culture of cyanobacteria Phormidium sp. employing different carbohydrates and cassava wastewater as organic carbon source

Erika Cristina Francisco
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/02/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.04%
O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a produção de biomassa e o acúmulo lipídico da cianobactéria Phormidium sp. a partir do cultivo heterotrófico com diferentes fontes de carbono orgânico, estudar diferentes estratégias de cultivo empregando a manipueira (água residual do processo para obtenção da farinha de mandioca) e avaliar o acúmulo lipídico a partir de diferentes fontes de nitrogênio. Primeiramente avaliou-se a capacidade da cianobactéria Phormidium sp. em se desenvolver a partir de 15 diferentes fontes de carbono orgânico exógeno. Os resultados indicaram o amido de mandioca e a maltodextrina como as fontes com maior potencial de exploração para a produção de biomassa e lipídeos. Em um segundo momento, foi realizada a intensificação do processo de produção de biomassa a partir do amido de mandioca empregando-se um planejamento experimental. Os resultados indicaram que relação C/N de 68 e temperatura de 30ºC são as condições operacionais ideais. A extrapolação do cultivo em Erlenmeyers para as operações em batelada e batelada com alimentação descontínua em biorreatores resultou em produtividades de biomassa de 50,72 mg/L.h e 42,13 mg/L.h, respectivamente. A terceira etapa do projeto contemplou o estudo do cultivo heterotrófico da cianobactéria empregando diferentes modos de cultivo utilizando manipueira como substrato...

Energy-saving wastewater treatment systems : formulation of cost functions

Nogueira, R.; Ferreira, I.; Janknecht, P.; Rodríguez, Juan José; Oliveira, Pedro; Brito, A. G.
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceobject
Publicado em 23/09/2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.99%
Natural interactions between water, soil, atmosphere, plants and microorganisms include physical, chemical and biological processes with decontaminating capacities. Natural or energy-saving wastewater treatment systems utilize these processes and thereby enable a sustainable management in the field of wastewater treatment, offering low investment and operation costs, little or no energy consumption, little and low-skill labor requirements, good landscape integration and excellent feasibility for small settlements, especially when remote from centralized sewer systems. The objective of this work is the development of cost functions for investment and operation of energy-saving wastewater treatment technologies. Cost functions are essential for making cost estimations based on a very reduced number of variables. The latter are easily identified and quantified and have a direct bearing on the costs in question. The formulated investment and operation cost functions follow a power law, and the costs decrease with the increase of the population served. The different energysaving wastewater treatment systems serving small population settlements, between 50 p.e. and 250 p.e., present associated investment costs varying from 400 €/p.e. to 200 €/p.e. and annual operation costs in the range of 70 €/p.e. to 20 €/p.e....

Energy-saving wastewater treatment systems : formulation of cost functions

Nogueira, R.; Ferreira, I.; Janknecht, P.; Rodríguez, Juan José; Oliveira, Pedro; Brito, A. G.
Fonte: IWA Publishing 2007 Publicador: IWA Publishing 2007
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.99%
Natural interactions between water, soil, atmosphere, plants and microorganisms include physical, chemical and biological processes with decontaminating capacities. Natural or energy-saving wastewater treatment systems utilize these processes and thereby enable a sustainable management in the field of wastewater treatment, offering low investment and operation costs, little or no energy consumption, little and low-skill labor requirements, good landscape integration and excellent feasibility for small settlements, especially when remote from centralized sewer systems. The objective of this work is the development of cost functions for investment and operation of energysaving wastewater treatment technologies. Cost functions are essential for making cost estimations based on a very reduced number of variables. The latter are easily identified and quantified and have a direct bearing on the costs in question. The formulated investment and operation cost functions follow a power law, and the costs decrease with the increase of the population served. The different energy-saving wastewater treatment systems serving small population settlements, between 50 p.e. and 250 p.e., present associated investment costs varying from 400 e/p.e. to 200 e/p.e. and annual operation costs in the range of 70 €/p.e. to 20 €/p.e....

Economic and environmental assessment of small and decentralized wastewater treatment systems

Nogueira, R.; Brito, A. G.; Machado, A. Patrícia; Salas, J. J.; Vera, L.; Martel, G.
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceobject
Publicado em 11/11/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.04%
The aim of the present work was the assessment of economic and environmental aspects of decentralised energy-saving wastewater treatment systems. The formulated investment and operation cost functions were adjusted by a power law function. The different wastewater systems serving population settlements between 50 p.e. and 250 p.e., presented associated investment costs varying from 400 €/p.e. to 200 €/p.e. and annual operation costs in the range of 70 €/p.e. to 20 €/p.e., respectively. A Life Cycle Analysis approach was used to compare the environmental impact alternative wastewater systems. The assessment was focused on two energy-saving systems (constructed wetland and slow rate infiltration) and a conventional one (activated sludge process). The low environmental impact of the energy-saving wastewater treatment systems was demonstrated, being the most relevant the global warming indicator. Options for reduction of life cycle impacts were assessed including materials used in construction and operation lifetime of the systems. A 10 % extension of operation lifetime of constructed wetland and slow rate infiltration systems lead to a 5 % and 7 % decrease in the abiotic depletion indicator, respectively, and to a 1 % decrease in CO2 emissions in both systems. Replacing steel with HDPE in the activated sludge tank resulted in a 1 % reduction in CO2 emission and 1 % in the abiotic depletion indicator. In the case of the Imhoff tank a 1 % reduction in CO2 emissions and 5 % in abiotic depletion indicator were observed when concrete was replaced by HDPE. Therefore...

The DEPURANAT project : sustainable management of wastewater in rural areas

Vera, L.; Martel, G.; Salas, J. J.; Sardón, N.; Nogueira, R.; Brito, A. G.; Faby, J. A.; Ramón, A.
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceobject
Publicado em 11/11/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.04%
The DEPURANATt project received co-financing from the European Union through its interregional cooperation programme, Interreg IIIB Atlantic Arc Programme. This project, coordinated by the Canary Islands Institute of Technology, allowed French, Portuguese and Spanish institutions to work together on sustainable management of wastewater in rural and protected areas. Within the framework of this project, twelve natural wastewater treatment systems have been built or adapted from pre-existing systems in Portugal, Andalusia and the Canary islands. In these systems, a shared ambitious protocol of physical-chemical and microbiological analyses was established, and several studies carried out with respect to the agronomical quality of the effluents and the physiology of the plants. These analytical campaigns also attempted to promote a positive image of these systems to, and in, the rural areas. Moreover, it is important for the target publics to value correctly the possibilities created by regenerated wastewater and vegetal biomass, and thus accept the same as integral methods which contribute to sustainable local development. Several studies relating to social integration were focused, to this end, on measuring people’s acceptance of these systems in their areas...

Depuranat project : sustainable management of wastewater in rural areas

Vera, L.; Martel, G.; Salas, J. J.; Sardón, N.; Nogueira, R.; Brito, A. G.; Faby, J. A.; Ramón, A.
Fonte: Desalination Publications Publicador: Desalination Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.04%
The Urban Wastewater Directive is aiming to implement adequate treatments of collected wastewater before 31 December 2005 in small communities with a population until 2000 equivalentinhabitant. Within the framework of the DEPURANAT project, co-financed by the European Interregional Cooperation Programme (Interreg IIIB Atlantic Arc), several Natural Reclamation Systems (NRS) based upon no-conventional technologies of wastewater treatment, have been studied from different points of view in rural areas: their effectiveness for producing regenerated wastewater of acceptable quality for several reuse options and vegetal biomass for different purposes, their environmental integration or their potential of implementation. Most of these treatment plants achieved high mean removal efficiencies: TSS (73–96%); BOD5 (74–94%); COD (53–90%); E. coli (2–3 log units); Enterococci (1.5–4 log units). The environmental impact of the systems was determined using an adapted life cycle assessment methodology and the economic analysis of the systems was focused on analysing the financial indicators, empirical cost functions, and the potential market for these technologies. Furthermore, maps of potential implementation of these systems and a support tool for deciding upon the installation of conventional or NRS were designed with the aim of promoting them.; Communitary Interreg III-B Atlantic Area of Europe; DEPURANAT consortium

Economic and environmental assessment of small and decentralized wastewater treatment systems

Nogueira, R.; Brito, A. G.; Machado, A. Patrícia; Janknecht, P.; Salas, J. J.; Vera, L.; Martel, G.
Fonte: Desalination Publications Publicador: Desalination Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.04%
The aim of the present work was the assessment of economic and environmental aspects of decentralized energy-saving wastewater treatment systems. The formulated investment and operation cost functions were adjusted by a power law function. The different wastewater systems serving population settlements between 50 p.e. and 250 p.e., presented associated investment costs varying from €400/p.e. to €200/p.e. and annual operation costs in the range of €70/p.e.– €20/ p.e., respectively. A life cycle analysis approach was used to compare the environmental impact of alternative wastewater treatment systems. The assessment was focused on two energy-saving systems (constructed wetland and slow rate infiltration) and a conventional one (activated sludge process). Low environmental impact of energy-saving wastewater treatment systems was demonstrated, being the most relevant the global warming indicator. Options for reduction of life cycle impacts were assessed including materials used in construction and operation lifetime of the systems. A 10% extension of operation lifetime of constructed wetland and slow rate infiltration systems lead to a 5% and 7% decrease in the abiotic depletion indicator, respectively, and to a 1% decrease in CO2 emissions in both systems. Replacing steel with HDPE in the activated sludge tank resulted in a 1% reduction in CO2 emission and 1% in the abiotic depletion indicator. In the case of the Imhoff tank a 1% reduction in CO2 emissions and 5% in abiotic depletion indicator were observed when concrete was replaced by HDPE. Therefore...

Treatment of industrial wastewater with two-stage constructed wetlands planted with typha latifolia and phragmites australis

Calheiros, Cristina S.C.; Rangel, António O.S.S.; Castro, Paula M.L.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Industrial wastewater treatment comprises several processes to fulfill the discharge permits or to enable the reuse of wastewater. For tannery wastewater, constructed wetlands (CWs) may be an interesting treatment option. Two-stage series of horizontal subsurface flow CWs with Phragmites australis (UP series) and Typha latifolia (UT series) provided high removal of organics from tannery wastewater, up to 88% of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5) (from an inlet of 420 to 1000 mg L-1) and 92% of chemical oxygen demand (COD) (from an inlet of 808 to 2449 mg L-1), and of other contaminants, such as nitrogen, operating at hydraulic retention times of 2, 5 and 7 days. No significant (P < 0.05) differences in performance were found between both the series. Overall mass removals of up to 1294 kg COD ha-1 d-1 and 529 kg BOD5 h-1 d-1 were achieved for a loading ranging from 242 to 1925 kg COD ha-1 d-1 and from 126 to 900 kg BOD5 ha-1 d-1. Plants were resilient to the conditions imposed, however P. australis exceeded T. latifolia in terms of propagation.

Constructed Wetlands for freshwater and saline aquaculture wastewater treatment: a microcosm experience

Jesus, J. M.; Borges, M. T.; Calheiros, Cristina S. C.; Castro, Paula M. L.
Fonte: Asociación Cultural Foro dos Recursos Mariños e da Acuicultura das Rías Galegas Publicador: Asociación Cultural Foro dos Recursos Mariños e da Acuicultura das Rías Galegas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceobject
Publicado em //2012 Português
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Poster presentation published at page 185; The aquaculture industry discharges large volumes of nutrient rich wastewater, contributing to eutrophication events. Recent culture intensification methodologies such as recirculation (RAS) and shallow raceway (SRS) systems discharge wastewater with even higher nutrient concentrations, though at lower volumes (Rana et al., 2005). Hence, efluent treatment options are of vital importance. Constructed wetlands (CWs) are a possible but underexplored treatment solution even for high salinity situations (Lymbery et al., 2006) consisting of planted shallow channels, relying upon biological, physical and chemical processes to treat wastewater (EPA, 2000). Therefore, this study aims to extend the knowledge on the possible use of CWs for aquaculture wastewater treatment, either fresh or saline. To fulfill this goal, several microcosms were created simulating subsurface systems with HRT = 7 days and planted with Typha latifolia. Substrate used was expanded clay 8 – 12.5 mm Ø. Macrophyte survival, growth, and nutrient removal (phosphate, nitrite, nitrate and ammonia) were assessed over a period of 4 weeks. Freshwater (simulated) and saline (real) fish farm effluents (recirculation SRS...

Alterations in proteins and amino acids of the Nile cyanobacteria Pseudanabaena limnetica and Anabaena wisconsinense in response to industrial wastewater pollution

El-Sheekh,Mostafa Mohamed; El-Otify,Ahmed Mohamed; Saber,Hani
Fonte: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar Publicador: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2011 Português
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The effect of industrial wastewater on the Nile cyanobacteria Pseudanabaena limnetica and Anabaena wisconsinense was investigated. The data showed that P. limnetica was more sensitive to pollution than A. wisconsinense. The treatments with different levels of wastewater exerted pronounced reductions in protein and amino acids content. SDS-PAGE analysis revealed that the cyanobacteria grown in the industrial wastewater showed induction in the synthesis of certain polypeptides and repression of others. The treatments of P. limnetica with wastewater stimulated the appearance of six protein bands with molecular masses of 28, 30, 31, 32, 58 and 97 kDa. The same treatments caused the disappearance of 20, 38 and 56 kDa. The structural protein pattern of the treated A. wisconsinense showed appearance of 16, 30, 170 and 230 kDa and disappearance of 56 kDa. The treatment of the two investigated cyanobacteria with different levels of wastewater stimulated the biosyntheses of different amino acids and inhibited others.