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Massa das sementes de Tecoma stans L. Juss. ex Kunth (Bignoniaceae): efeitos na emergência e desenvolvimento de suas plântulas no sol e na sombra; Seed mass of Tecoma stans L. Juss. ex Kunth (Bignoniaceae): effects on emergence and seedling development under full sun and shade

SOCOLOWSKI, Fábio; VIEIRA, Daniela Cristine Mascia; TAKAKI, Massanori
Fonte: Instituto Virtual da Biodiversidade | BIOTA - FAPESP Publicador: Instituto Virtual da Biodiversidade | BIOTA - FAPESP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Tecoma stans L. Juss. ex Kunth seeds mass on initial emergence, growth and, seedling development under different light conditions. The seeds were separated in four mass classes and sowed in four replicates of 24 seeds for each class, under full sun and canopy shade. Under sun environment was observed a greater percentage of emergence. Heavy seeds presented the greater percentage of emergence under both environments, but a greater rate was observed under canopy shade. One month after the start of experiments, the seedlings at the shade environment presented 100% of mortality. The growth and development seedlings under full sun were noticed for five months. In this period, only in the first three months was possible to observe the effects of Tecoma stans seeds mass on capacity of seedlings to acquire dry mass. The seedlings biomass partitions were similar among the tested mass class. The seedlings of smaller mass tended to a high specific leaf area in relation to the seedlings from large seeds, mainly in the first three months, resulting in a great acquisition of dry mass by these seedlings. In the fourth month, the specific leaf area did not present any tendency. Because the biggest seeds to give rise seedlings with best initial development than smallest seeds can be considered as species reproductive strategy. To produce seeds of different sizes also can be considered as way of species to spread in many microhabitats.; Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito da massa das sementes de Tecoma stans L. Juss. ex Kunth na emergência...

Determinants of left ventricular mass and presence of metabolic risk factors in normotensive individuals

RODRIGUES, Sergio Lamego; ANGELO, Lilian C. S.; PEREIRA, Alexandre C.; KRIEGER, Jose Eduardo; MILL, Jose Geraldo
Fonte: ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD Publicador: ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Background: Insulin resistance and obesity are recognized as left ventricular (LV) mass determinants independent of blood pressure (BP). Prevalence of LV hypertrophy (LVH) and the relationship between LV mass to body composition and metabolic variables were evaluated in normotensive individuals as participants of a population-based study. Methods: LV mass was measured using the second harmonic image by M-mode 2D guided echocardiography in 326 normotensive subjects (mean 47 +/- 9.4 years). Fasting serum lipids and glucose, BP, body composition and waist circumference (WC) were recorded during a clinic visit. Results: Applying a normalization criterion not related to body weight (g/height raised to the power 2.7) and the cut-off points of 47.7 (men) and 46.6 g/m(2.7) (women), LVH was found in 7.9% of the sample. Univariate analysis showed LV mass (g/m(2.7)) related to age, body mass index (BMI), WC, fat and lean body mass, systolic and diastolic BP, and metabolic variables (cholesterol, HDL-c, triglycerides and glucose). In multivariate analysis only BMI and age-adjusted systolic BP remained as independent predictors of LV mass, explaining 31% and 5% of its variability. Removing BMI from the model, WC, age-adjusted systolic BP and lean mass remained independent predictors...

Influence of body composition on bone mass in postmenopausal osteoporotic women

GENARO, Patricia S.; PEREIRA, Giselle A. P.; PINHEIRO, Marcelo M.; SZEJNFELD, Vera L.; MARTINI, Ligia A.
Fonte: ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD Publicador: ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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We aimed at evaluating the relationship of lean and fat mass to bone mass in osteoporotic postmenopausal women. We invited 65 women who were being treated at the Sao Paulo Hospital osteoporosis outpatients` clinic to participate. Body composition and bone mineral density (BMD) measurements were performed using Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry methodology (DXA). The mean age and weight were 69.7 +/- 6.4 years and 56.3 +/- 7.6 kg, respectively. Accordingly to the body mass index (BMI), 52.8% were of normal weight and 47.1% of the patients were overweight. Overweight women had significantly higher bone mass. Similarly, skeletal muscle index (SMI) showed a positive effect on BMD measurements and women with sarcopenia had significantly lower BMD measurements in total femur and femoral neck. In multiple regression analysis only lean mass and age, after adjustments to fat mass and BMI, were able to predict total body bone mineral content (BMC) (R(2) = 28%). Also lean mass adjusted to age and BMI were able to predict femoral neck BMD (R(2) = 14%). On the other hand, none of the components of the body composition (lean mass or fat mass) contributed significantly to explaining total femur BMD and neither body composition measurements were associated with spine BMD. These findings suggest that lean mass has a relevant role in BMC and BMD measurements. In addition...

Experimental Comparison of Two Degrees-of-Freedom Vortex-Induced Vibration on High and Low Aspect Ratio Cylinders with Small Mass Ratio

Gonçalves, Rodolfo Trentin; Rosetti, Guilherme Feitosa; Fujarra, André Luís Condino; Franzini, Guilherme Rosa; Freire, César Monzu; Meneghini, Julio Romano
Fonte: ASME; NEW YORK Publicador: ASME; NEW YORK
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Vortex-induced motion (VIM) is a specific way for naming the vortex-induced vibration (VIV) acting on floating units. The VIM phenomenon can occur in monocolumn production, storage and offloading system (MPSO) and spar platforms, structures presenting aspect ratio lower than 4 and unity mass ratio, i.e., structural mass equal to the displaced fluid mass. These platforms can experience motion amplitudes of approximately their characteristic diameters, and therefore, the fatigue life of mooring lines and risers can be greatly affected. Two degrees-of-freedom VIV model tests based on cylinders with low aspect ratio and small mass ratio have been carried out at the recirculating water channel facility available at NDF-EPUSP in order to better understand this hydro-elastic phenomenon. The tests have considered three circular cylinders of mass ratio equal to one and different aspect ratios, respectively L/D = 1.0, 1.7, and 2.0, as well as a fourth cylinder of mass ratio equal to 2.62 and aspect ratio of 2.0. The Reynolds number covered the range from 10 000 to 50 000, corresponding to reduced velocities from 1 to approximately 12. The results of amplitude and frequency in the transverse and in-line directions were analyzed by means of the Hilbert-Huang transform method (HHT) and then compared to those obtained from works found in the literature. The comparisons have shown similar maxima amplitudes for all aspect ratios and small mass ratio...

Produtividade de grãos e variação temporal de fitomassa seca da cultura de feijão em função de doses de nitrogênio.; Grain yield and temporal variation of dry mass of the common bean crop as function of nitrogen doses.

Tisot, Daniela Arnold
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: dissertação de mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/11/2002 Português
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Com o objetivo de caracterizar a variação temporal de fitomassa seca de raízes, hastes, folhas e órgãos reprodutivos, e de verificar o efeito da adubação nitrogenada no rendimento de grãos e na produção de fitomassa seca dos diferentes órgãos da cultura de feijão (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) no florescimento, conduziu- se um experimento na área do Departamento de Produção Vegetal, Esalq, Universidade de São Paulo, Piracicaba-SP. O solo foi classificado como NITOSSOLO VERMELHO Eutroférrico; a variedade cultivada foi IAC-Carioca Tybatã (hábito de crescimento indeterminado), e o delineamento estatístico foi o inteiramente casualizado. Os tratamentos foram constituídos de combinações dos fatores doses de nitrogênio (0, 60 e 120 kg.ha -1 ) e épocas de avaliação (nove estádios feno lógicos). Os seguintes parâmetros foram avaliados: fenologia da cultura, a fitomassa seca de raízes, hastes, folhas e órgãos reprodutivos, em cada estádio fenológico, e o rendimento de grãos e seus componentes. Para descrever o padrão de variação da fitomassa seca de raízes, hastes, folhas, órgãos reprodutivos e fitomassa seca total, foram ajustados modelos não lineares utilizando o procedimento NLIN (Non LINear regression) do SAS â System (SAS Institute...

Contribuições à mecânica dos sistemas de massa variável.; Contributions to the mechanics of variable mass systems.

Casetta, Leonardo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/12/2008 Português
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Desde 1814, quando então se deram seus primeiros estudos, a mecânica de sistemas de massa variável tem se constituído como um ramo particular dentro da mecânica clássica. Suas aplicações encontram-se espalhadas por diversas áreas do conhecimento e vão desde a engenharia até a medicina, por exemplo. No entanto, apesar dessas aplicações de sucesso, ainda hoje são encontradas na literatura discussões acerca dos fundamentos da mecânica de sistemas de massa variável. Nesse cenário, figuram os chamados aparentes paradoxos que envolvem diferentes equações de movimento para um mesmo sistema de massa variável. É o que pode ser encontrado, por exemplo, com relação ao problema de Wagner, no âmbito do estudo do impacto de corpos sólidos contra superfícies de líquidos, e ao problema da corrente em queda. Nessa tese, questões como essas serão abordadas. Mas o cerne do escopo do presente trabalho é a apresentação de uma discussão de caráter mais geral e interpretativa sobre a teoria e aplicação da mecânica de sistemas de massa variável, mantendo-se como foco principal a contribuição para um melhor entendimento desse importante ramo da mecânica. Para tal, resultados teóricos originais serão apresentados...

Identificação e mapeamento das áreas com perigo de movimento de massa no município de Porto Alegre, RS; Identification and mapping of areas at risk of mass movement in the Municipality of Porto Alegre, RS

Reckziegel, Elisabete Weber
Tipo: dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
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Os processos de dinâmica superficial, como os movimentos de massa são eventos naturais e fazem parte da dinâmica do planeta. Quando ocorrem em áreas ocupadas, podem acarretar consequências econômicas e sociais de significativa dimensão. Esta problemática é verificada no município de Porto Alegre, onde constantemente são registrados movimentos de massa. O objetivo geral desta pesquisa consiste em identificar e mapear as áreas com perigo de movimentos de massa em Porto Alegre. Para tanto, foi realizado o levantamento do histórico de ocorrências de movimentos de massa no período entre 1995 e 2010, o estudo dos materiais superficiais, suscetibilidade e ocupação do solo. Os procedimentos metodológicos foram organizados em 4 etapas: levantamento de dados referentes aos registros de movimentos de massa e de bases cartográficas; organização dos registros e das bases cartográficas; análise e correlação das informações sobre os registros de movimentos de massa e mapas de relevo, geologia e pedologia para a definição do mapa de suscetibilidade a movimentos de massa; síntese das informações para definição do mapa das áreas com perigo de movimentos de massa a partir do cruzamento dos mapas de suscetibilidade e uso do solo. Os resultados indicam que os bairros Cascata...

Mass loss from red giant stars in M67 : is there any evidence for a metallicity dependence?

Carraro, Clóvis Carlos; Girardi, Leo Alberto; Bressan, Alessandro; Chiosi, Cesare
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
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Recent claims in the literature, that the rate of mass loss from red giant branch (RGB) stars in old, open clusters like M 67 and NGC 6791, increases with the metallicity above the value holding for Globular Clusters and predicted by the classical Reimers (1975) relation, are thoroughly scrutinized by means of the global fit of the color-magnitude diagram (CMD) of these clusters (M 67 in particular) to modern sets of theoretical isochrones. The above claim stems from recognizing that there is wide agreement in literature on the metallicity (nearly solar), age (about 5 Gyr), and distance modulus ((m – M)=9.55) of M 67, and from estimating the mass of its giant stars in the red clump to be about 0.7 M? . At the above age, the masses at the turn-off and near the tip of the RGB are about 1.2 M? and 1.3 M?, respectively. This means that in clusters with nearly solar metallicity, much more mass ought to be lost by the red giant stars than classically predicted. In this paper we show that in order to be able to derive the mass of the red stars in the clump from their position in the CMD, the color difference ?(B – V) between the turnoff and the base of the RGB should be known with a precision smaller than ?[?(B – V)] = 0.01 mag and...

Description of Heavy Quark Mass by Lippmann-Schwinger Equation

Tazimi, N.; Monemzadeh, M.; Hadizadeh, M. R.
Fonte: Springer/plenum Publishers Publicador: Springer/plenum Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 2871-2877
Português
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Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Quark masses are of great prominence in high-energy physics. In this paper, we have studied the heavy meson systems via solving the Lippmann-Schwinger equation by using the Martin potential for heavy quark masses. We have also attempted to use Martin potential to find an acceptable mass spectrum for heavy quarkonia. We obtained this spectrum via minimal phenomenological model (Melles in Phys. Rev. D. 62:074019, 2000).The mass spectra for and are calculated without taking into account the relativistic corrections and spin-dependent effects. The obtained mass spectra turn out to fit the experimental findings. By using the conventional spectrum, we extract the pole mass of heavy quarks and use it along with the relation between mass (modified minimal subtraction scheme) and the on-shell quark mass to find mass for these quarks. The obtained results for mass are in good agreement with corresponding values reported in the literature.

Predictors and methological issues in tracking total body fat mass, trunk fat, mass and abdominal fat mass : changes in a weight loss intervention with overweight and obese women.

Branco, Teresa Cristina Lourenço
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2012 Português
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Doutoramento em Motricidade Humana, especialidade de Saúde e Condição Física; One of the purposes of this dissertation was to analyze the usefulness of simple anthropometric measurements in predicting total body fat mass, as well as trunk and abdominal fat regions of interest, assessed by DXA, along with their changes in a weight loss program. Another purpose was to examine the influence of different physical activity dimensions on body weight, total body fat mass, abdominal and trunk fat regions of interest, selected by conventional whole body DXA in premenopausal overweight and obese women. Three studies were conducted within the PESO Program (Promotion of Exercise and Health in Obesity), a behavioural intervention addressed to premenopausal overweight and obese women. Key results show that: a) changes in lifestyle habits during a weight loss intervention may provide a stimulus to reduce trunk fat mass, with special focus on abdominal fat mass; b) abdominal circumference is a better predictor of body fat mass loss than waist circumference; c) baseline values of body weight, BMI, sagital diameter and hip circumference, are able to predict total body fat mass changes, but are unable to predict alterations in more specific depots of body fat estimated by DXA; d) alterations in DXA abdominal fat mass estimations were reasonably detected by all the anthropometric variables...

Mass transfer coefficients in a hanson mixer-settler extraction column

Torab-Mostaedi,M.; Safdari,S. J.; Moosavian,M. A.; Maragheh,M. Ghannadi
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Chemical Engineering Publicador: Brazilian Society of Chemical Engineering
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2008 Português
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The volumetric overall mass transfer coefficients in a pilot plant Hanson mixer-settler extraction column of seven stages have been measured using toluene-acetone-water system. The effects of agitation speed and dispersed and continuous phases flow rates on volumetric overall mass transfer coefficients have been investigated. The results show that the volumetric overall mass transfer coefficient increases with increase in agitation speed and reaches a maximum. After having reached its maximum, it falls with further increase in agitation speed. It was found that the volumetric overall mass transfer coefficient increases with increase in dispersed phase flow rate, while it decreases with increase in continuous phase flow rate. By using interfacial area, the overall mass transfer coefficients for continuous and dispersed phases are determined from volumetric coefficients. An empirical correlation for prediction of the continuous phase overall mass transfer coefficient is proposed in terms of Sherwood and Reynolds numbers. Also the experimental data of the column investigated are compared with data for various extraction columns. Comparison between theoretical models and experimental results for the dispersed phase mass transfer coefficient shows that these models do not have enough accuracy for column design. Using effective diffusivity in the Gröber equation results in more accurate prediction of overall mass transfer coefficient. The prediction of overall mass transfer coefficients from the presented equations is in good agreement with experimental results.

Mass transfer performance in pulsed disc and doughnut extraction columns

Torab-Mostaedi,M; Ghaemi,A; Asadollahzadeh,M; Pejmanzad,P
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Chemical Engineering Publicador: Brazilian Society of Chemical Engineering
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2011 Português
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Mass transfer performance is presented for a 76 mm diameter pulsed disc and doughnut extraction column for the toluene-acetone-water system. The experiments were carried out for both mass transfer directions. The mass transfer data are interpreted in terms of the axial diffusion model, thus accounting for continuous phase axial dispersion. The effect of operating parameters on the overall volumetric mass transfer coefficients has been investigated. The results show that the column performance increases with an increase in pulsation intensity. At high pulsation intensity, however, the overall volumetric mass transfer coefficient decreases due to the production of very fine dispersed droplets. It was also found that the column performance decreases with both an increase in dispersed phase velocity and a decrease in continuous phase velocity. An empirical correlation for prediction of the continuous phase overall mass transfer coefficient is derived in terms of the overall Sherwood number, Reynolds number and dispersed phase holdup for each mass transfer direction. The prediction of continuous phase overall mass transfer coefficients from the presented correlations is in good agreement with experimental data.

Association between low bone mass and calcium and caffeine intake among perimenopausal women in Southern Brazil: cross-sectional study

Harter,Daniele Lazzarotto; Busnello,Fernanda Michielin; Dibi,Raquel Papandreus; Stein,Airton Tetelbom; Kato,Sergio Kakuta; Vanin,Carla Maria De Martini
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 Português
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CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Osteoporosis is a skeletal abnormality characterized by reduction and alteration of bone microarchitecture that results in increased fragility and greater predisposition to fractures. Age and low bone mass are the main non-modifiable risk factors for osteoporotic fractures. The modifiable factors include sedentary lifestyle, inadequate calcium intake, excessive alcohol and/or caffeine consumption, smoking and low body weight. The aim here was to evaluate the association between low bone mass and calcium and caffeine intake among perimenopausal women in Southern Brazil. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted in Porto Alegre and Canoas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. METHODS: Women (n = 155) of mean age 53.6 ± 9.5 years were evaluated through a cross-sectional study in Southern Brazil. Food frequency questionnaires, bone mass evaluation using calcaneal ultrasound and anthropometric assessment were used. RESULTS: The prevalence of overweight was 67.7%. In the bone mass screening, 30.3% had low bone mass and 4.5% had osteoporosis. The median calcium intake was 574.94 mg/day and the caffeine intake was 108.11 mg/day. No association was found between bone mass and anthropometric parameters, calcium intake or caffeine intake. It was found that 38.4% of the women had low bone mass. CONCLUSIONS: No association was found between calcium and caffeine intake and bone mass. High prevalence of low bone mass was observed.

Menstruation disorders in adolescents with eating disorders ? target body mass index percentiles for their resolution

Vale,Beatriz; Brito,Sara; Paulos,Lígia; Moleiro,Pascoal
Fonte: Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein Publicador: Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2014 Português
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Objective To analyse the progression of body mass index in eating disorders and to determine the percentile for establishment and resolution of the disease. Methods A retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study. Review of clinical files of adolescents with eating disorders. Results Of the 62 female adolescents studied with eating disorders, 51 presented with eating disorder not otherwise specified, 10 anorexia nervosa, and 1 bulimia nervosa. Twenty-one of these adolescents had menstrual disorders; in that, 14 secondary amenorrhea and 7 menstrual irregularities (6 eating disorder not otherwise specified, and 1 bulimia nervosa). In average, in anorectic adolescents, the initial body mass index was in 75th percentile; secondary amenorrhea was established 1 month after onset of the disease; minimum weight was 76.6% of ideal body mass index (at 4th percentile) at 10.2 months of disease; and resolution of amenorrhea occurred at 24 months, with average weight recovery of 93.4% of the ideal. In eating disorder not otherwise specified with menstrual disorder (n=10), the mean initial body mass index was at 85th percentile; minimal weight was in average 97.7% of the ideal value (minimum body mass index was in 52nd percentile) at 14.9 months of disease; body mass index stabilization occured at 1.6 year of disease; and mean body mass index was in 73rd percentile. Considering eating disorder not otherwise specified with secondary amenorrhea (n=4); secondary amenorrhea occurred at 4 months...

Mass Spectrometry Imaging and Structural Analysis of Lipids Directly on Tissue Specimens by Using a Spiral Orbit Type Tandem Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometer, SpiralTOF-TOF

Satoh, Takaya; Kubo, Ayumi; Shimma, Shuichi; Toyoda, Michisato
Fonte: The Mass Spectrometry Society of Japan Publicador: The Mass Spectrometry Society of Japan
Tipo: text
Português
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In this paper, we report the use of mass spectrometry imaging and structural analysis of lipids directly on a tissue specimen, carried out by means of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization tandem time-of-flight mass spectrometry, using a combination of spiral orbit-type and reflectron-type time-of-flight mass spectrometers. The most intense peak observed in the mass spectrum from a brain tissue specimen was confirmed as phosphatidylcholine (34?:?1) [M+K]+, using tandem mass spectrometry. The charge remote fragmentation channels, which are characteristically observed using high-energy collision-induced dissociation, contributed significantly to this confirmation. Accurate mass analysis was further facilitated by mass correction using the confirmed peak. In mass spectrometry imaging, the high resolving power of our system could separate doublet peak of less than 0.1?u difference, which would otherwise be problematic when using a low-resolution reflectron type time-of-flight mass spectrometer. Two compounds, observed at m/z 848.56 and 848.65, were found to be located in complementary positions on a brain tissue specimen. These results demonstrate the importance of a high-performance tandem time-of-flight mass spectrometer for mass spectrometry imaging and analysis of observed compounds...

Events and the Ontology of Individuals: Verbs as a Source of Individuating Mass and Count Nouns

Barner, David; Wagner, Laura; Snedeker, Jesse
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Português
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What does mass-count syntax contribute to the interpretation of noun phrases (NPs), and how much of NP meaning is contributed by lexical items alone? Many have argued that count syntax specifies reference to countable individuals (e.g., cats) while mass syntax specifies reference to unindividuated entities (e.g., water). We evaluated this claim using the quantity judgment method, and tested the interpretation of words used in mass and count syntax that described either protracted, "durative" events (e.g., mass: some dancing; count: a dance), or instantaneous, "punctual" events (e.g., mass: some jumping; count: a jump). For durative words, participants judged, for example, that six brief dances are more dances but less dancing than two long dances, thus showing a significant difference in their interpretation of the count and mass usages. However, for punctual words, participants judged, for example, that six small jumps are both more jumps and more jumping than two long jumps, resulting in no difference due to mass-count syntax. Further, when asked which dimensions are important for comparing quantities of durative and punctual events, participants ranked number as first in importance for durative and punctual words presented in count syntax...

Primate Extinction Risk and Historical Patterns of Speciation and Extinction in Relation to Body Mass

Matthews, Luke J.; Arnold, Christian; Machanda, Zarin Pearl; Nunn, Charles Lindsay
Fonte: Royal Society of London Publicador: Royal Society of London
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Body mass is thought to influence diversification rates, but previous studies have produced ambiguous results. We investigated patterns of diversification across 100 trees obtained from a new Bayesian inference of primate phylogeny that sampled trees in proportion to their posterior probabilities. First, we used simulations to assess the validity of previous studies that used linear models to investigate the links between IUCN Red List status and body mass. These analyses support the use of linear models for ordinal ranked data on threat status, and phylogenetic generalized linear models revealed a significant positive correlation between current extinction risk and body mass across our tree block. We then investigated historical patterns of speciation and extinction rates using a recently developed maximum-likelihood method. Specifically, we predicted that body mass correlates positively with extinction rate because larger bodied organisms reproduce more slowly, and body mass correlates negatively with speciation rate because smaller bodied organisms are better able to partition niche space. We failed to find evidence that extinction rates covary with body mass across primate phylogeny. Similarly, the speciation rate was generally unrelated to body mass...

The associations of leg lean mass with foot pain, posture and function in the Framingham foot study

McLean, Robert R; Dufour, Alyssa B; Katz, Patricia P; Hillstrom, Howard J; Hagedorn, Thomas J; Hannan, Marian T
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Background: Foot disorders are common in older adults and associated with impaired lower extremity function. Reduced muscle mass may play a role in the etiology of foot disorders and consequent poor function. Methods: We examined the association of leg lean mass with foot pain, posture and function among 1,795 individuals (mean age 67 years) from the population-based Framingham Foot Study (2002–2008). Pain was assessed via questionnaire, and a pressure mat classified foot posture (arch: high, low, referent) during standing and function (pronation, supination, referent) during gait. Leg lean mass was measured by whole body dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. Results: In age- and body mass index-adjusted logistic (pain) and multinomial logistic (posture, function) regression models, a 1-standard deviation increase in leg lean mass was associated with lower odds of foot pain (OR = 0.76, 95% CI: 0.68, 0.86) and pronation (OR = 0.76, 95% CI: 0.67, 0.85), and higher odds of supination (OR = 1.17, 95% CI: 1.04, 1.31). Adjustment for sex attenuated these associations. Higher leg lean mass was associated with lower odds of high arch, even after adjustment for sex (OR = 0.73, 95% CI: 0.60, 0.89). Conclusions: Though not related to foot pain or function...

Measurement of the top-quark mass in the fully hadronic decay channel from ATLAS data at documentclass[12pt]{minimal} usepackage{amsmath} usepackage{wasysym} usepackage{amsfonts} usepackage{amssymb} usepackage{amsbsy} usepackage{mathrsfs} usepackage{upgreek} setlength{oddsidemargin}{-69pt} egin{document}$$sqrt{s}=7mathrm{,TeV}$$end{document}s=7TeV

Aad, G.; Abbott, B.; Abdallah, J.; Abdel Khalek, S.; Abdinov, O.; Aben, R.; Abi, B.; Abolins, M.; AbouZeid, O. S.; Abramowicz, H.; Abreu, H.; Abreu, R.; Abulaiti, Y.; Acharya, B. S.; Adamczyk, L.; Adams, D. L.; Adelman, J.; Adomeit, S.; Adye, T.; Agatonov
Fonte: Springer Berlin Heidelberg Publicador: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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The mass of the top quark is measured in a data set corresponding to 4.6 documentclass[12pt]{minimal} usepackage{amsmath} usepackage{wasysym} usepackage{amsfonts} usepackage{amssymb} usepackage{amsbsy} usepackage{mathrsfs} usepackage{upgreek} setlength{oddsidemargin}{-69pt} egin{document}$$ ext{ fb }^{-1}$$end{document}fb-1 of proton–proton collisions with centre-of-mass energy documentclass[12pt]{minimal} usepackage{amsmath} usepackage{wasysym} usepackage{amsfonts} usepackage{amssymb} usepackage{amsbsy} usepackage{mathrsfs} usepackage{upgreek} setlength{oddsidemargin}{-69pt} egin{document}$$sqrt{s}=7$$end{document}s=7 TeV collected by the ATLAS detector at the LHC. Events consistent with hadronic decays of top–antitop quark pairs with at least six jets in the final state are selected. The substantial background from multijet production is modelled with data-driven methods that utilise the number of identified documentclass[12pt]{minimal} usepackage{amsmath} usepackage{wasysym} usepackage{amsfonts} usepackage{amssymb} usepackage{amsbsy} usepackage{mathrsfs} usepackage{upgreek} setlength{oddsidemargin}{-69pt} egin{document}$$b$$end{document}b-quark jets and the transverse momentum of the sixth leading jet, which have minimal correlation. The top-quark mass is obtained from template fits to the ratio of three-jet to dijet mass. The three-jet mass is calculated from the three jets produced in a top-quark decay. Using these three jets the dijet mass is obtained from the two jets produced in the documentclass[12pt]{minimal} usepackage{amsmath} usepackage{wasysym} usepackage{amsfonts} usepackage{amssymb} usepackage{amsbsy} usepackage{mathrsfs} usepackage{upgreek} setlength{oddsidemargin}{-69pt} egin{document}$$W$$end{document}W boson decay. The top-quark mass obtained from this fit is thus less sensitive to the uncertainty in the energy measurement of the jets. A binned likelihood fit yields a top-quark mass of documentclass[12pt]{minimal} usepackage{amsmath} usepackage{wasysym} usepackage{amsfonts} usepackage{amssymb} usepackage{amsbsy} usepackage{mathrsfs} usepackage{upgreek} setlength{oddsidemargin}{-69pt} egin{document}$$egin{aligned} m_{t} = 175.1 pm 1.4; ext{(stat.) }pm 1.2; ext{(syst.) }mathrm{...