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Performance evaluation and phylogenetic characterization of anaerobic fluidized bed reactors using ground tire and pet as support materials for biohydrogen production

BARROS, Aruana Rocha; ADORNO, Maria Angela Tallarico; SAKAMOTO, Isabel Kimiko; MAINTINGUER, Sandra Imaculada; VARESCHE, Maria Bernadete Amancio; SILVA, Edson Luiz
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCI LTD Publicador: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.49%
This study evaluated two different support materials (ground tire and polyethylene terephthalate [PET]) for biohydrogen production in an anaerobic fluidized bed reactor (AFBR) treating synthetic wastewater containing glucose (4000 mg L(-1)). The AFBR, which contained either ground tire (R1) or PET (R2) as support materials, were inoculated with thermally pretreated anaerobic sludge and operated at a temperature of 30 degrees C. The AFBR were operated with a range of hydraulic retention times (HRT) between 1 and 8 h. The reactor R1 operating with a HRT of 2 h showed better performance than reactor R2, reaching a maximum hydrogen yield of 2.25 mol H(2) mol(-1) glucose with 1.3 mg of biomass (as the total volatile solids) attached to each gram of ground tire. Subsequent 16S rRNA gene sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of particle samples revealed that reactor R1 favored the presence of hydrogen-producing bacteria such as Clostridium, Bacillus, and Enterobacter. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.; CNPq; FAPESP

Biohydrogen production in anaerobic fluidized bed reactors: Effect of support material and hydraulic retention time

BARROS, Aruana Rocha; AMORIM, Eduardo Lucena Cavalcante de; REIS, Cristiane Marques; SHIDA, Gessia Momoe; SILVA, Edson Luiz
Fonte: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD Publicador: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.49%
This study evaluated two different support materials (polystyrene and expanded clay) for biohydrogen production in an anaerobic fluidized bed reactor (AFBR) treating synthetic wastewater containing glucose (4000 mg L(-1)). The AFBRs contained either polystyrene (R1) or expanded clay (R2) as support materials were inoculated with thermally pre-treated anaerobic sludge and operated at a temperature of 30 degrees C and a pH of approximately 5.5. The AFBRs were operated with a range of hydraulic retention times (HRTs) between 1 and 8 h. For R1 with an HRT of 2 h, the maximum hydrogen yield (HY) was 1.90 mol H(2) mol(-1) glucose, with 0.805 mg of biomass (as total volatile solids, or TVS) attached to each g of polystyrene. For R2 operated at an HRT of 2 h, the maximum HY was 2.59 mol H(2) moll glucose, with 1.100 mg of attached biomass (as TVS) g(-1) expanded clay. The highest hydrogen production rates (HPR) were 0.95 and 1.21 L h(-1) L(-1) for R1 and R2, respectively, using an HRT of 1 h. The H(2) content increased from 16-47% for R1 and from 22-51% for R2. No methane was detected in the biogas produced throughout the period of AFBR operation. These results show that the values of HY, HPR, H(2) content, and g of attached biomass g(-1) support material were all higher for AFBRs containing expanded clay than for reactors containing polystyrene. (C) 2010 Professor T. Nejat Veziroglu. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.; FAPESP; CNPq; CAPES

Influência da carga orgânica na produção de biohidrogênio em ASBBR com agitação tratando água residuária sintética; Influence of influent concentration and feed time on biohydrogen production in an ASBBR with agitation treating sucrose based wastewater

El Manssouri, Mehdi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: dissertação de mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/03/2012 Português
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Um reator anaeróbio com biomassa imobilizada e agitação mecânica foi operado em bateladas sequenciais com efluente sintético a base de sacarose visando à produção de biohidrogênio. O sistema foi inoculado com lodo proveniente de um reator anaeróbio metanogênico. Foram avaliados a produção de biohidrogênio, os rendimentos por carga aplicada e removida, a estabilidade e eficiência do reator quando submetido a diferentes cargas orgânicas volumétricas aplicada (COAV 9,0; 12,0 ;13,5; 18,0; 18,0 e 27,0 kgDQO/'M POT.3'.d), as quais foram modificadas em função da concentração afluente (3600 e 5400 mgDQO/L) e do tempo de ciclo (4, 3 e 2 h). O reator apresentou uma capacidade remoção da matéria orgânica (DQO) estável e próxima a um valor de 18%, e uma boa capacidade de conversão de carboidratos (sacarose) a qual permaneceu entre 83 e 97% ao longo da operação. Verificou-se uma diminuição do desempenho de remoção do reator com o aumento da carga orgânica aplicada e, além disso, valores crescentes de concentração afluente (e tempos de ciclo iguais) e tempos de ciclo menores (e concentrações afluente iguais) resultaram em eficiências menores de conversão. Houve predominância dos ácidos acético, butírico e propiônico com o aumento da carga orgânica...

Estudo da produção de biohidrogênio em AnSBBR com recirculação da fase líquida tratando água residuária sintética: efeito da carga orgânica; Study of hydrogen production in AnSBBR with recirculation the liquid phase treating sucrose based wastewater: organic load effect

Santos, Danilo Abreu dos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: dissertação de mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/03/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Um reator anaeróbio com biomassa imobilizada operado em bateladas sequenciais com recirculação da fase liquida (AnSBBR) foi aplicado à produção de biohidrogênio. Foram tratados 1.9 L de meio por ciclo, analisando a influência da variação da carga orgânica volumétrica (COAV) através da variação da concentração do afluente sintético a base de sacarose. A concentração afluente variou entre 3600 e 5400 mgDQO/L e os tempos de ciclo de 4, 3 e 2 horas obtendo, dessa maneira, as cargas orgânicas volumétricas de 9, 12, 13,5, 18 e 27 gDQO/L. O sistema foi inoculado com lodo proveniente de um UASB aplicado ao tratamento de águas residuárias de abatedouro de aves. Foram utilizados diferentes indicadores de rendimento para averiguar a estabilidade e o efeito da carga orgânica aplicada ao sistema sobre a produção de biohidrogênio. Os indicadores utilizados tiveram como base a quantidade de mols de 'H IND.2' produzidos por dia em relação à massa de sólidos voláteis no interior do reator e às cargas orgânicas aplica e removida, tanto em termos de matéria orgânica (DQO) quanto de carboidratos (sacarose) aplicados. Os resultados mostraram estabilidade do sistema na produção de biohidrogênio e consumo de substrato. Em todas condições experimentais...

Produção de biohidrogênio em AnSBBR tratando efluente do processo de produção de biodiesel: efeito da carga orgânica e do tempo de enchimento; Biohydrogen production in an AnSBBR treating effluent from biodiesel production: effects of organic loading rate and fill time

Lovato, Giovanna
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: dissertação de mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/03/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.49%
Este estudo investigou a aplicação de um AnSBBR com recirculação da fase líquida tratando água residuária a base de glicerina (efluente do processo de produção de biodiesel) para a produção de biohidrogênio, sendo o desempenho do biorreator avaliado de acordo com a influência conjunta do tempo de alimentação, do tempo de ciclo e da concentração afluente. O biorreator teve um volume de meio tratado por ciclo de 1,5 L, volume residual de meio de 2,0 L e volume de suporte inerte com biomassa de 2,1 L, sendo mantido a 30°C durante todo o estudo. O trabalho foi divido em três fases: a Fase I foi realizada para determinar os melhores parâmetros de operação do reator (tipo de inóculo, tipo de glicerina, tipo de suporte, concentração de NaHCO3 e velocidade ascensional) para dar seguimento com a Fase II que estudou apenas o efeito da concentração do afluente, tempo de ciclo e tempo de enchimento. Os parâmetros utilizados na Fase II foram: lodo de abatedouro de aves pré-tratado por HST (Heat Shock Treatment 90°C por 10 minutos) como inóculo, glicerina pura comercial para eliminar interferência de possíveis resíduos, suporte de PEBD (polietileno de baixa densidade) e 100 mg.L-1 de NaHCO3. Na Fase II, foram aplicadas 6 condições experimentais com cargas orgânica volumétrica (COVAS) de 7...

Influência da carga orgânica e do tempo de enchimento na produção de biohidrogênio em AnSBBR com agitação tratando água residuária sintética; Influence of organic loading rate and fill time on biohydrogen production in an AnSBBR with agitation treating synthetic wastewater

Inoue, Rafael Katsunori
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: dissertação de mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/03/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.49%
Este estudo investigou a aplicação de um reator anaeróbio operado em bateladas sequenciais com biomassa imobilizada (AnSBBR) com agitação na produção de biohidrogênio tratando água residuária sintética a base de sacarose, sendo o desempenho do biorreator avaliado de acordo com a influência conjunta do tempo de alimentação, do tempo de ciclo, da concentração afluente e da carga orgânica volumétrica aplicada (COVAS). O biorreator, com capacidade útil de 5,6 L, foi dividido em 3 partes: volume de meio tratado por ciclo de 1,5 L, volume residual de meio de 2,0 L e volume de suporte inerte com biomassa de 2,1 L. Foram aplicadas 6 condições experimentais de COVAS de 9,0 a 27,0 gDQO.L-1.d-1, combinado diferentes concentrações afluentes (3500 e 5400 mgDQO.L-1), tempos de ciclo (4, 3 e 2h), sendo tempo de enchimento do reator (tC) correspondente a 50% ao tempo de ciclo. Os resultados mostraram que o aumento COVAS contribuiu para a queda no consumo de sacarose de 99% para 86% e para o aumento do rendimento molar por carga removida (RMCRC,n) de 1,02 molH2.molSAC-1 na COVAS de 9,0 gDQO.L-1.d-1 até atingir o valor máximo de 1,48 molH2.molSAC-1 na COVAS de 18,0 gDQO.L-1.d-1 com queda a partir desse ponto. O aumento da COVAS resultou no aumento da produtividade molar volumétrica (PrM) de 24...

Performance evaluation and phylogenetic characterization of anaerobic fluidized bed reactors using ground tire and pet as support materials for biohydrogen production

Barros, Aruana Rocha; Adorno, Maria Ângela Talarico; Sakamoto, Isabel; Maintinguer, Sandra Imaculada; Varesche, Maria Bernadete Amâncio; Silva, Edson Luiz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 3840-3847
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.18%
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); This study evaluated two different support materials (ground tire and polyethylene terephthalate [PET]) for biohydrogen production in an anaerobic fluidized bed reactor (AFBR) treating synthetic wastewater containing glucose (4000 mg L1 ). The AFBR, which contained either ground tire (R1) or PET (R2) as support materials, were inoculated with thermally pretreated anaerobic sludge and operated at a temperature of 30 C. The AFBR were operated with a range of hydraulic retention times (HRT) between 1 and 8 h. The reactor R1 operating with a HRT of 2 h showed better performance than reactor R2, reaching a maximum hydrogen yield of 2.25 mol H2 mol1 glucose with 1.3 mg of biomass (as the total volatile solids) attached to each gram of ground tire. Subsequent 16S rRNA gene sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of particle samples revealed that reactor R1 favored the presence of hydrogen-producing bacteria such as Clostridium, Bacillus, and Enterobacter.

Engineered heat treated methanogenic granules : a promising biotechnological approach for extreme thermophilic biohydrogen production

Abreu, A. A.; Alves, J. I.; Pereira, M. A.; Karakashev, D.; Alves, M. M.; Angelidaki, I.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 Português
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In the present study, two granular systems were compared in terms of hydrogen production rate, stability and bacterial diversity under extreme thermophilic conditions (70 °C). Two EGSB reactors were individually inoculated with heat treated methanogenic granules (HTG) and HTG amended with enrichment culture with high capacity of hydrogen production (engineered heat treated methanogenic granules – EHTG), respectively. The reactor inoculated with EHTG (REHTG) attained a maximum production rate of 2.7 l H2 l?1day?1 in steady state. In comparison, the RHTG containing the HTG granules was very unstable, with low hydrogen productions and only two peaks of hydrogen (0.8 and 1.5 l H2 l?1day?1). The presence of active hydrogen producers in the REHTG system during the reactor start-up resulted in the development of an efficient H2-producing bacterial community. The results showed that “engineered inocula” where known hydrogen producers are co-inoculated with HTG is an efficient way to start up biohydrogen-producing reactors.; Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (FCT) .; European Community fund FEDER (Program COMPETE); Danish Agency for Science, Technology and Innovation

A biorefinery from Nannochloropsis sp. microalga – Extraction of oils and pigments. Production of biohydrogen from the leftover biomass

Nobre, Beatriz P.; Villalobos, Fidel; Barragan, Blanca E; Oliveira, A. C.; Batista, Ana Paula; Marques, Paula Alexandra; Mendes, Rui L.; Sovová, H.; Palavra, António F.; Gouveia, L.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.68%
The microalga Nannochloropsis sp. was used in this study, in a biorefinery context, as biomass feedstock for the production of fatty acids for biodiesel, biohydrogen and high added-value compounds. The microalgal biomass, which has a high lipid and pigment content (mainly carotenoids), was submitted to supercritical CO2 extraction. The temperature, pressure and solvent flow-rate were evaluated to check their effect on the extraction yield. The best operational conditions to extract 33 glipids/100 gdry biomass were found to be at 40 °C, 300 bar and a CO2 flow-rate of 0.62 g/min. The effect of adding a co-solvent (ethanol) was also studied. When supercritical CO2 doped with 20% (w/w) ethanol was used, it was possible to extract 45 glipids/100 gdry biomass of lipids and recover 70% of the pigments. Furthermore, the remaining biomass after extraction was effectively used as feedstock to produce biohydrogen through dark fermentation by Enterobacter aerogenes resulting in a hydrogen production yield of 60.6 mL/gdry biomass.

Evaluation of energy consumption and CO2 emissions in the production of biohydrogen from sugar rich feedstock

Ferreira, Ana F.; Moura, Patrícia; Silva, Carla M.
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceobject
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The use of alternative fuels is increasing in order to reduce the energy consumption and emissions. The 2003/30/EC European Directive aims to promote the use of biofuels and other renewable fuels instead of oil derivatives for transport purposes. In long term this is expected to contribute to the fulfillment of European climate change agreements. Therefore, hydrogen appears as a promising alternative fuel and “energy carrier”. Hydrogen can be produced from renewable sources, namely biomass [1], and more particularly by the photobiological method and dark fermentation process [2], being designated as “biohydrogen” (bioH2) [3]. This study regards to life cycle analysis considering energy, emissions and costs of bioH2 production from microalgae, sugarcane (SC) and potato peels (PP).

Microalgae for urban wastewater treatment and fermentative biohydrogen production

Graça, Sofia; Batista, Ana Paula; Sousa, Catarina; Ambrosano, Lucas; Ribeiro, Belina; Marques, Paula Alexandra; Gouveia, L.
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceobject
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Concerns about climate changes and global water crisis are increasing, considering the low freshwater resources, pollution, and changes in the hydrological cycle. Therefore, water is a precious scarce resource being crucial to develop wastewater treatment and recovery processes to improve water resources management. On the other hand, the problematic of fossil fuels leads to its replacement by biofuels. Thus there are studies [1] to combine wastewater treatment with microalgal biomass as 3rd generation biofuel sources. This study pretends to apply the biorefinery concept to an innovative photobioreactor (PBR) to treat wastewater with microalgae and later valorise the biomass by producing biohydrogen. It is intended to reduce CO2, phosphorus, nitrogen, ammonium and other pollutants presents in wastewater, according EC targets, since microalgae consume the nutrients for growth thus removing them from the wastewater. Within the WW-SIP Life project, a new type of PBR for urban waste water treatment plant (UWWTP) effluents has been designed and will be scaled up. The tubular vertical PBR prototype (150 L) placed outdoor has an air compressor to perform agitation, a membrane module to permeate the treated water and a settler to concentrate the biomass. The results will be used to scale up a PBR of 1500 L. The PBR was fed with primary effluent from Águas da Figueira (PT) UWWTP and inoculated with Chlorella vulgaris...

Combining urban wastewater treatment with biohydrogen production: An integrated microalgae-based approach

Batista, Ana Paula; Ambrosano, Lucas; Graça, Sofia; Sousa, Catarina; Marques, Paula Alexandra; Ribeiro, Belina; Botrel, Elberis P.; Neto, Pedro Castro; Gouveia, L.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.49%
The aim of the present work was the simultaneous treatment of urban wastewater using microalgae and the energetic valorization of the obtained biomass. Chlorella vulgaris (Cv), Scenedesmus obliquus (Sc) and a naturally occurring algal Consortium C (ConsC) were grown in an urban wastewater. The nutrient removals were quite high and the treated water fits the legislation (PT Dec-Lei 236/98) in what concerns the parameters analysed (N, P, COD). After nutrient depletion the microalgae remained two more weeks in the photobioreactor (PBR) under nutritional stress conditions, to induce sugar accumulation (22–43%). The stressed biomass was converted into biohydrogen (bioH2), a clean energy carrier, through dark fermentation by a strain of the bacteria Enterobacter aerogenes. The fermentation kinetics were monitored and fitted to a modified Gompertz model. The highest bioH2 production yield was obtained for S. obliquus (56.8 mL H2/gVS) which was very similar when using the same algae grown in synthetic media.

AnSBBR with circulation applied to biohydrogen production treating sucrose based wastewater: effects of organic loading, influent concentration and cycle length

Santos,D. A.; Rodrigues,J. A. D.; Ratusznei,S. M.; Zaiat,M.
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Chemical Engineering Publicador: Brazilian Society of Chemical Engineering
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2014 Português
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An anaerobic sequencing batch biofilm reactor (AnSBBR) containing immobilized biomass and operating with recirculation of the liquid phase (total liquid volume 4.5 L; treated volume per cycle 1.9 L) was used to treat sucrose-based wastewater at 30 ºC and produce biohydrogen. The influence of applied volumetric organic load was studied by varying the influent concentration at 3600 and 5400 mgCOD.L-1 and using cycle lengths of 4, 3 and 2 hours, obtaining in this manner volumetric organic loads of 9, 12, 13.5, 18 and 27 gCOD.L-1.d-1. Different performance indicators were used: productivity and yield of biohydrogen per applied and removed load, reactor stability and efficiency based on the applied and removed organic loads, both in terms of organic matter (measured as COD) and carbohydrate (sucrose). The results revealed system stability (32-37% of H2 in biogas) during biohydrogen production, as well as substrate consumption (12-19% COD; 97-99% sucrose). Conversion efficiencies decreased when the influent concentration was increased (at constant cycle length) and when cycle lengths were reduced (at constant influent concentrations). The best yield was 4.16 mol-H2.kg-SUC-1 (sucrose load) at 9 gCOD.L-1.d-1 (3600 mgCOD.L-1 and 4 h) with H2 content in the biogas of 36% (64% CO2 and 0% CH4). However...

Immobilized Biofilm in Thermophilic Biohydrogen Production using Synthetic versus Biological Materials

Wongthanate,Jaruwan; Polprasert,Chongrak
Fonte: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar Publicador: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2015 Português
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37.49%
Biohydrogen production was studied from the vermicelli processing wastewater using synthetic and biological materials as immobilizing substrate employing a mixed culture in a batch reactor operated at the initial pH 6.0 and thermophilic condition (55 ± 1ºC). Maximum cumulative hydrogen production (1,210 mL H2/L wastewater) was observed at 5% (v/v) addition of ring-shaped synthetic material, which was the ring-shaped hydrophobic acrylic. Regarding 5% (v/v) addition of synthetic and biological materials, the maximum cumulative hydrogen production using immobilizing synthetic material of ball-shaped hydrophobic polyethylene (HBPE) (1,256.5 mL H2/L wastewater) was a two-fold increase of cumulative hydrogen production when compared to its production using immobilizing biological material of rope-shaped hydrophilic ramie (609.8 mL H2/L wastewater). SEM observation of immobilized biofilm on a ball-shaped HBPE or a rope-shaped hydrophilic ramie was the rod shape and gathered into group.

A Streamlined Strategy for Biohydrogen Production with Halanaerobium hydrogeniformans, an Alkaliphilic Bacterium

Begemann, Matthew B.; Mormile, Melanie R.; Sitton, Oliver C.; Wall, Judy D.; Elias, Dwayne A.
Fonte: Frontiers Research Foundation Publicador: Frontiers Research Foundation
Tipo: text
Publicado em 21/03/2012 Português
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27.9%
Biofuels are anticipated to enable a shift from fossil fuels for renewable transportation and manufacturing fuels, with biohydrogen considered attractive since it could offer the largest reduction of global carbon budgets. Currently, lignocellulosic biohydrogen production remains inefficient with pretreatments that are heavily fossil fuel-dependent. However, bacteria using alkali-treated biomass could streamline biofuel production while reducing costs and fossil fuel needs. An alkaliphilic bacterium, Halanaerobium hydrogeniformans, is described that is capable of biohydrogen production at levels rivaling neutrophilic strains, but at pH 11 and hypersaline conditions. H. hydrogeniformans ferments a variety of 5- and 6-carbon sugars derived from hemicellulose and cellulose including cellobiose, and forms the end products hydrogen, acetate, and formate. Further, it can also produce biohydrogen from switchgrass and straw pretreated at temperatures far lower than any previously reported and in solutions compatible with growth. Hence, this bacterium can potentially increase the efficiency and efficacy of biohydrogen production from renewable biomass resources.

Thermophilic biohydrogen production: how far are we?

Pawar, Sudhanshu S.; van Niel, Ed W. J.
Fonte: Springer Berlin Heidelberg Publicador: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Tipo: text
Português
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Apart from being applied as an energy carrier, hydrogen is in increasing demand as a commodity. Currently, the majority of hydrogen (H2) is produced from fossil fuels, but from an environmental perspective, sustainable H2 production should be considered. One of the possible ways of hydrogen production is through fermentation, in particular, at elevated temperature, i.e. thermophilic biohydrogen production. This short review recapitulates the current status in thermophilic biohydrogen production through fermentation of commercially viable substrates produced from readily available renewable resources, such as agricultural residues. The route to commercially viable biohydrogen production is a multidisciplinary enterprise. Microbiological studies have pointed out certain desirable physiological characteristics in H2-producing microorganisms. More process-oriented research has identified best applicable reactor types and cultivation conditions. Techno-economic and life cycle analyses have identified key process bottlenecks with respect to economic feasibility and its environmental impact. The review has further identified current limitations and gaps in the knowledge, and also deliberates directions for future research and development of thermophilic biohydrogen production.

Biohydrogen Production and Kinetic Modeling Using Sediment Microorganisms of Pichavaram Mangroves, India

Mullai, P.; Rene, Eldon R.; Sridevi, K.
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: text
Português
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Mangrove sediments host rich assemblages of microorganisms, predominantly mixed bacterial cultures, which can be efficiently used for biohydrogen production through anaerobic dark fermentation. The influence of process parameters such as effect of initial glucose concentration, initial medium pH, and trace metal (Fe2+) concentration was investigated in this study. A maximum hydrogen yield of 2.34, 2.3, and 2.6?mol H2 mol?1 glucose, respectively, was obtained under the following set of optimal conditions: initial substrate concentration—10,000?mg?L?1, initial pH—6.0, and ferrous sulphate concentration—100?mg?L?1, respectively. The addition of trace metal to the medium (100?mg?L?1 FeSO4·7H2O) enhanced the biohydrogen yield from 2.3?mol H2?mol?1 glucose to 2.6?mol H2 mol?1 glucose. Furthermore, the experimental data was subjected to kinetic analysis and the kinetic constants were estimated with the help of well-known kinetic models available in the literature, namely, Monod model, logistic model and Luedeking-Piret model. The model fitting was found to be in good agreement with the experimental observations, for all the models, with regression coefficient values >0.92.

Draft Genome Sequence of Clostridium bifermentans Strain WYM, a Promising Biohydrogen Producer Isolated from Landfill Leachate Sludge

Wong, Y. M.; Juan, J. C.; Gan, H. M.; Austin, C. M.
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: text
Publicado em 06/03/2014 Português
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Clostridium bifermentans strain WYM is an effective biohydrogen producer isolated from landfill leachate sludge. Here, we present the assembly and annotation of its genome, which may provide further insights into the metabolic pathways involved in efficient biohydrogen production.

Draft Genome Sequence of Clostridium sp. Strain Ade.TY, a New Biohydrogen- and Biochemical-Producing Bacterium Isolated from Landfill Leachate Sludge

Wong, Y. M.; Juan, J. C.; Ting, Adeline; Wu, T. Y.; Gan, H. M.; Austin, C. M.
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: text
Publicado em 06/03/2014 Português
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Clostridium sp. strain Ade.TY is potentially a new biohydrogen-producing species isolated from landfill leachate sludge. Here we present the assembly and annotation of its genome, which may provide further insights into its gene interactions for efficient biohydrogen production.

Hydrolysates of lignocellulosic materials for biohydrogen production

Chen, Rong; Wang, Yong-Zhong; Liao, Qiang; Zhu, Xun; Xu, Teng-Fei
Fonte: Korean Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Publicador: Korean Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Tipo: text
Publicado em /05/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Lignocellulosic materials are commonly used in bio-H2 production for the sustainable energy resource development as they are abundant, cheap, renewable and highly biodegradable. In the process of the bio-H2 production, the pretreated lignocellulosic materials are firstly converted to monosaccharides by enzymolysis and then to H2 by fermentation. Since the structures of lignocellulosic materials are rather complex, the hydrolysates vary with the used materials. Even using the same lignocellulosic materials, the hydrolysates also change with different pretreatment methods. It has been shown that the appropriate hydrolysate compositions can dramatically improve the biological activities and bio-H2 production performances. Over the past decades, hydrolysis with respect to different lignocellulosic materials and pretreatments has been widely investigated. Besides, effects of the hydrolysates on the biohydrogen yields have also been examined. In this review, recent studies on hydrolysis as well as their effects on the biohydrogen production performance are summarized. [BMB Reports 2013; 46(5): 244-251]