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Exame clínico das mamas em consultas de pré-natal: análise da cobertura e de fatores associados em município do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil; Clinical breast examination during prenatal visits: analysis of coverage and associated factors in a city in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

GONÇALVES, Carla Vitola; DIAS-DA-COSTA, Juvenal Soares; DUARTE, Geraldo; MARCOLIN, Alessandra Cristina; GARLET, Geane; SAKAI, Alan Felipe; BIANCHI, Mônia Steigleder
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.04%
O Ministério da Saúde do Brasil preconiza que seja realizado o exame clínico das mamas em conjunto com as orientações para o aleitamento materno na primeira consulta de pré-natal. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a cobertura do exame clínico das mamas durante o pré-natal e descrever características associadas ao não cumprimento desta norma. Foi realizado um estudo transversal em Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, entre os meses de maio e julho de 2007. Dados relativos às puérperas foram registrados em um questionário padronizado. Dentre as 445 puérperas entrevistadas, 266 (59,8%) não foram submetidas ao exame clínico das mamas no pré-natal. As mulheres não-brancas, com renda familiar per capita inferior a um salário mínimo (R$ 380,00), com parto e pré-natal realizados pelo Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) apresentaram probabilidade maior de não terem suas mamas examinadas durante o pré-natal. Esses resultados mostram a baixa prevalência da realização do exame clínico das mamas durante o pré-natal, além disso, indicam graves problemas relacionados à qualidade do atendimento pré-natal e diferenças no acesso de mulheres pertencentes aos contingentes populacionais de menor poder aquisitivo aos cuidados preconizados.; The Brazilian Ministry of Health recommends that breast examination be performed along with breastfeeding orientation during the first prenatal visit. The aims of the current study were to analyze breast examination during prenatal care and describe the factors associated with insufficient coverage. A cross-sectional study was performed in Rio Grande...

Avaliação da frequência de realização do exame físico das mamas, da colpocitologia cervical e da ultrassonografia obstétrica durante a assistência pré-natal: uma inversão de valores; Evaluation of the frequency of accomplishment of the breast examination and of oncotic cervical cytology and the obstetrical ultrasound during the prenatal period: an inversion of values

GONÇALVES, Carla Vitola; COSTA, Juvenal Soares Dias da; DUARTE, Geraldo; MARCOLIN, Alessandra Cristina; LIMA, Luis Cláudio de Velleca e; GARLET, Geane; BIANCHI, Mônia Steigleder; SAKAI, Alan Felipe
Fonte: Associação Médica Brasileira Publicador: Associação Médica Brasileira
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.1%
INTRODUÇÃO: Embora o exame de ultrassonografia seja um procedimento frequente na gravidez, o seu uso rotineiro não demonstrou efetividade sobre a redução da morbi-mortalidade materna ou perinatal. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a cobertura do exame das mamas e da citologia oncótica cervical entre os exames de pré-natal, comparando-se com o número de ultrassonografias obstétricas realizadas. MÉTODOS: Constituiu-se de uma avaliação transversal, realizada na cidade de Rio Grande (RS), entre maio e julho de 2007. Os dados obtidos por meio de um questionário estruturado foram digitados no programa Epi-Info 6.04 e analisados no software SPSS. RESULTADOS: Entre as 230 puérperas entrevistadas, 99,1% realizaram ultrassonografia durante a gravidez, enquanto 37,5% e 33,6% realizaram exame clínico das mamas ou colpocitologia cervical, respectivamente. Houve significância estatística (p-valor < 0,001) entre o local do pré-natal e o número de exames ecográficos realizados na gravidez. As pacientes que realizaram consultas por convênios ou particular foram mais submetidas a cografias. Também observou-se que o maior número de ecografias obstétricas aumentou a probabilidade da gestante ter sido submetida ao exame clínico das mamas. Por sua vez...

Ações de rastreamento oportunístico do câncer de mama implementadas por enfermeiros da Atenção Básica de Saúde de Ribeirão Preto- SP; Actions of opportunistic screening for breast cancer implemented by nurses in Primary Health Care in the city of Ribeirão Preto-SP

Moraes, Débora Cherchiglia de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: dissertação de mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/12/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
Estudo descritivo, transversal, quantitativo, teve como objetivo geral: Identificar a implementação das ações de rastreamento oportunístico do CA de mama por enfermeiros de Unidades Básicas de Saúde (UBS) do município de Ribeirão Preto-SP e objetivou especificamente, caracterizar esses enfermeiros segundo dados de formação e capacitação profissional; descrever as ações de rastreamento oportunístico desenvolvidas por eles e comparar com as preconizadas pelo Ministério da Saúde; descrever os entraves para a execução dessas ações. Participaram 60 enfermeiros, atuantes há pelo menos um ano na rede municipal de saúde, com experiência em Atenção Básica e que não eram gerentes de unidade. Para coleta de dados, entre dezembro de 2013 e março de 2014, utilizaram-se formulários informatizados e impressos, e um tablet para inserção dos dados via sistema web. Estes foram analisados descritivamente, resultando em tabelas de frequência para variáveis qualitativas, com intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95%), a partir do método de reamostragem de bootstrap. Utilizaram-se os softwares IBM SPSS 20 e Excel 2010. Constatou-se que a maioria dos enfermeiros atuava há mais de dez anos na rede e realizou cursos de especialização (44- 73...

Ações do controle do câncer de mama entre usuárias da atenção básica em São Luís, MA; Breast cancer control actions among primary health care users in São Luís, MA

Rabêlo, Poliana Pereira Costa
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/11/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.85%
Analisar a implementação das ações de rastreamento oportunístico do câncer de mama para usuárias de 35 a 69 anos de idade, de Unidades Básicas de Saúde (UBSs) da Secretaria Municipal de Saúde de São Luís, MA. Estudo quantitativo observacional, de corte transversal, desenvolvido no primeiro semestre de 2014. Aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética e Pesquisa da Secretaria Municipal de Saúde de São Luís, MA sob Parecer nº 2013.02.08.08-74. O desenho amostral consistiu de estratificação da faixa etária de interesse e das regiões de presença das UBSs no município conforme dados do censo demográfico de 2010 e da produção de serviços das UBSs seguido de amostra aleatória simples (AAS) para determinar os conglomerados, AAS dos períodos de atendimento e amostra sistemática das usuárias. Para a análise utilizou- se os dados de 907 usuárias das UBSs por tempo igual ou superior a três anos. As usuárias foram organizadas em dois grupos, sendo um de 686 usuárias sem fator de risco elevado (presença de história familiar de câncer de mama e/ou ovário) e outro com 221 usuárias com fator de risco elevado. Realizada análise descritiva com inclusão de intervalo de confiança para a proporção (IC=95%) calculado pelo método de reamostragem de bootstrap e análise bivariada pelo teste de chi-quadrado para avaliação das hipóteses cogitadas. Os testes consideraram ? bidirecional de 0...

As praticas preventivas para o cancer de mama e do colo do utero pelas mulheres de 40 anos ou mais de idade no municipio de Campinas, SP; Preventive practices for cervical and breast cancer for women 40 years old and over in the city of Campinas, SP

Vivian Mae Schmidt Lima Amorim
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: dissertação de mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
Justificativa: O câncer de mama e do colo de útero são neoplasias com altas taxas de incidência e mortalidade no Brasil e que dispõem de métodos eficazes de rastreamento para detecção precoce, oferecidos pelo Sistema Único de Saúde. Existe a necessidade de se identificar os subgrupos de mulheres que não realizam as práticas preventivas para esses agravos, como forma de se desenvolver estratégias, nas três esferas de governo, que venham minimizar as desigualdades ainda existentes em relação ao acesso aos serviços de saúde, a oferta de cuidados básicos, ao diagnóstico, tratamento e reabilitação nas questões relativas à saúde da mulher. Objetivos: Analisar as práticas de detecção precoce para o câncer de mama e do colo uterino, segundo características sociodemográficas, morbidade e comportamentos relacionados à saúde. Material e Métodos: Estudo do tipo transversal, de base populacional, tendo como população de estudo todos os indivíduos do sexo feminino com idade igual ou superior a 40 anos, não institucionalizados, residentes na área urbana de Campinas. Para a obtenção da amostra, os setores censitários do município de Campinas, foram agrupados em três estratos, segundo o percentual de chefes de família com nível universitário. Foram sorteados 10 setores censitários de cada estrato...

Management of women at increased risk for breast cancer: preliminary results from a new program

Chart, P L; Franssen, E
Tipo: text
Publicado em 01/11/1997 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.01%
OBJECTIVE: To examine the characteristics of malignant tumours that develop in women undergoing surveillance for increased risk for breast cancer and to identify presentation patterns in order to determine the respective roles of mammography, clinical breast examination (CBE) and breast self-examination (BSE). SETTING: Breast Diagnostic Clinic and Familial Breast Cancer Clinic at Toronto-Sunnybrook Regional Cancer Centre. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1044 women evaluated for breast cancer risk from Oct. 1, 1990, to Dec. 31, 1996, of whom 381 were categorized as being at high risk, 204 as being at moderate risk, 401 as being at slightly increased risk and 58 as being at no appreciably increased risk. PROGRAM COMPONENTS: Comprehensive review and discussion of risk factors, clinical assessment, surveillance recommendations that include mammography, CBE and BSE, genetics consultation (Familial Breast Cancer Clinic) and psychosocial support. Data are captured prospectively, updated at each visit and audited every 3 to 6 months. PROGRAM OUTCOMES: During the study period breast cancer was diagnosed in 24 patients, 12 in the high-risk group, 4 in the moderate-risk group and 8 in the group at slightly increased risk. The mean age at diagnosis was 47 (range 32 to 82) years. Ten cases of cancer were diagnosed during surveillance (incident cancer)...

Promoting breast and cervical cancer screening at the workplace: results from the Woman to Woman Study.

Allen, J D; Stoddard, A M; Mays, J; Sorensen, G
Tipo: text
Publicado em /04/2001 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.96%
OBJECTIVES: This article reports findings from a peer-delivered intervention designed to increase use of breast and cervical cancer screening. METHODS: Twenty-six worksites were randomly assigned to the intervention or comparison group. The 16-month intervention consisted of group discussions, outreach, and educational campaigns. Data were collected from a random sample of women employees stratified by age (baseline n = 2943; final n = 2747). Cross-sectional analyses were conducted to evaluate the impact of the intervention on screening behaviors. RESULTS: Relative to comparison worksites, the intervention group experienced greater increases in the percentage of women who reported a recent mammogram (7.2% vs 5.6%), clinical breast examination (5.8% vs 2.1%), and Papanicolaou (Pap) test (4.7% vs 1.9%). After worksite cluster and age strata were controlled for, the observed increase in Pap tests was significantly greater in the intervention group (odds ratio [OR] = 1.28; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.01, 1.62); however, differences in mammography screening rates (OR = 1.14; 95% CI = 0.90, 1.44) and clinical breast examination (OR = 1.19; 95% CI = 0.96, 1.49) were not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Intervention activities produced a modest increase in cervical cancer screening...

Early diagnosis of breast cancer: experience in a consultant breast clinic.

Mahoney, L. J.; Bird, B. L.; Cooke, G. M.; Ball, D. G.
Tipo: text
Publicado em 21/05/1977 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.02%
Of 2839 women referred to a consultant breast clinic for clinical, mammographic and thermographic examination, 480 underwent biopsy and 126 were found to have cancer. Ten percent of the tumours were occult and were classified as very early biologic disease; they were identified by routine mammography in women whose breasts were clinically normal. Biopsy of solid mass lesions non-suspicious on mammography identified 20% of the cancers; half these lesions, classified as early biologic disease, were discovered by doctors at routine annual clinical breast examination, though the earliest cancers were detected by women who were confident and competent in monthly self-examination of the breasts. Biopsy of solid mass lesions suspicious on mammography identified 70% of the cancers; these were classified as late biologic disease. Skin or nipple dimpling or retraction was evident in two thirds of the patients; their lesions seemed to be later biologically than the lesions of the patients without clinical signs, and 75% had discovered the lesions themselves accidentally.

Hereditary breast cancer. Risk assessment of patients with a family history of breast cancer.

Warner, E.; Heisey, R. E.; Goel, V.; Carroll, J. C.; McCready, D. R.
Fonte: College of Family Physicians of Canada Publicador: College of Family Physicians of Canada
Tipo: text
Publicado em /01/1999 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46%
OBJECTIVES: To assist family physicians in stratifying women with a family history of breast cancer as being at low, moderate, or high risk of hereditary breast cancer (HBC). To present guidelines for managing each of these risk groups. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: A MEDLINE search was conducted from January 1976 to December 1997 using key words related to breast cancer risk factors, risk assessment, prevention, and screening. Risk stratification criteria were derived empirically and assessed using retrospective chart review. MAIN FINDINGS: Although up to 20% of women in the general population have a family history of breast cancer, less than 5% are at high risk for HBC. Certain features in a family history suggest increased risk. Women with none of these features are at low risk for HBC and should have annual clinical breast examinations and mammography at least every 2 years starting at age 50. Women with one or more features of increased risk who do not meet criteria for referral to a familial cancer clinic are at moderate risk for HBC and should begin annual mammography and clinical breast examination at age 40. Women who meet referral criteria are at high risk for HBC and should be counseled regarding referral to a familial cancer clinic for more detailed risk assessment and consideration for genetic testing. All women should be taught proper breast self-examination technique and encouraged but not pressured to practise it monthly for life. CONCLUSION: A simple algorithm can assist physicians in stratifying women into low...

The Need and Value of Breast Self-examination

Jacob, Teresa C.; Penn, Nolan E.
Tipo: text
Publicado em /07/1988 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.99%
The incidence of breast cancer is higher for black women aged less than 40 years than for white women aged less than 40; however, both black and white women aged less than 35 years have the lowest breast cancer survival rates of all age groups. The issue of breast self-examination (BSE) efficacy has special implications for these women because the BSE and the clinical breast examination (CBE) are the only early detection techniques recommended to them. Breast self-examination is even more important for black women because CBE might not be accessible to them for economic or other reasons.

Tailored lay health worker intervention improves breast cancer screening outcomes in non-adherent Korean-American women

Han, Hae-Ra; Lee, H.; Kim, M. T.; Kim, K. B.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: text
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
Despite rapidly increasing incidence rates of breast cancer, recent immigrants such as Korean-American (KA) women report disproportionately lower utilization of screening tests compared with other ethnic groups. Early screening of breast cancer for this population may be greatly facilitated by indigenous lay health workers (LHWs). We conducted an intervention trial with a 6-month follow-up. Trained LHWs recruited 100 KA women 40 years of age or older who had not had a mammogram during the past 2 years. Ninety-three completed follow-up questionnaires. A 120-min, in-class education combined with LHW follow-up counseling and navigation assistance through the health care system was provided. Rates of breast cancer screening behaviors significantly increased at 6 months (P < 0.001); changes between pre- and post-intervention were 31.9% for mammography, 23% for clinical breast examination and 36.2% for breast self-examination. Modesty toward screening significantly decreased over time, but we did not find any significant differences in breast cancer knowledge and beliefs before and after the intervention. Results support the efficacy of this neighborhood-based, culturally sensitive intervention. Further research should seek to replicate these findings and to incorporate more self-care skills such as health literacy when designing an intervention program for linguistically and culturally isolated immigrant women.

Practical Applications for Clinical Breast Examination (CBE) and Breast Self-Examination (BSE) in Screening and Early Detection of Breast Cancer*

Miller, Anthony B.
Fonte: S. Karger GmbH Publicador: S. Karger GmbH
Tipo: text
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.03%
The background and preliminary results in terms of stage distribution are given for a trial of Clinical Breast Examination and the teaching of Breast Self-Examination in Cairo, Egypt. A stage shift towards early diagnosis appears to have been achieved. This has encouraged the development of similar projects in other middle income developing countries.

Can Breast Self-Examination Continue to Be Touted Justifiably as an Optional Practice?

Fancher, T. T.; Palesty, J. A.; Paszkowiak, J. J.; Kiran, R. P.; Malkan, A. D.; Dudrick, S. J.
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: text
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.09%
In 2003, the revised American Cancer Society guidelines recommended that breast self-examination (BSE) be optional. Of 822 women diagnosed with breast cancer in our hospital from 1994 to 2004, sixty four (7.7%) were 40 years of age or younger. Forty four (68.7%) of these young women discovered their breast cancers on BSE, 17 (18%) by mammography, and 3 (4.7%) by clinical breast examination by medical professionals. Of 758 women over 40 years of age diagnosed with breast cancer, 382 (49%) discovered their cancer by mammography, 278 (39%) by BSE, and 98 (14%) by a clinical breast examination. Lymph node metastases in the older women was one-half that in the younger women (21% versus 42%), and a higher percentage of younger women presented with more advanced disease. In response to increasing breast cancer in young women under 41 years of age, encouragement of proper breast self-examination is warranted and should be advocated.

Accuracy of Clinical Examination of Breast Lumps in Detecting Malignancy: A Retrospective Study

Ravi, Chandni; Rodrigues, Gabriel
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: text
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.21%
Clinical examination is a simple method to detect breast lumps and their nature as it is inexpensive and non-invasive and if found to be accurate, might be of great value as a diagnostic tool. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of clinical examination and its contribution towards the diagnosis of a palpable breast lump. The study was record based and conducted at a University Medical College Hospital and a tertiary referral centre of South India. Patient files of those women who presented with a breast lump between January to December 2011 were studied. A total of 120 patients were obtained following necessary exclusions. The accuracy of clinical assessment at an outpatient facility was determined by comparing the physician’s diagnosis with the final histopathological diagnosis. The inter-observer agreement (kappa) for diagnosing a breast lump was 81 % (95 % Confidence Interval?=?71 % to 92 %) indicating a good agreement between clinical and pathological diagnoses. McNemar test also indicated a high degree of concordance between the two diagnoses (4.17 % discordance). Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of clinical breast examination in comparison to histopathology were 95, 88, 87...

Preventive Care and Evaluation of the Adolescent with a Breast Mass

Jayasinghe, Yasmin
Fonte: Thieme Medical Publishers Publicador: Thieme Medical Publishers
Tipo: text
Publicado em /02/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.02%
Adolescents have little knowledge of preventive breast care or breast screening, yet exposures in youth influence the risk of future breast disease.Nipple piercing increases the risk of trauma and breast infection. Alcohol consumption, smoking, nutrition, obesity, reproductive factors, previous cancer and chest radiotherapy, family history of breast cancer or genetic mutation increase the risk of breast cancer. Breast cancer is rare in adolescents and currently genetic testing is not recommended in those under 18 years, as medical surveillance is not usually recommended until around 25 years. Screening measures include clinical breast exam every 1 to 3 years, and breast self-awareness in healthy women from 20 years; and at least annual breast self examination, with annual clinical breast examination, mammography and magnetic resonance imaging in high-risk patients from 25 years. Breast ultrasound is used in diagnostic evaluation of breast masses in adolescents as mammography is less sensitive in young women.

Performance of breast cancer screening methods and modality among Chinese women: a report from a society-based breast screening program (SBSP) in Shanghai

Mo, Miao; Liu, Guang-yu; Zheng, Ying; Di, Lian-fang; Ji, Ya-jie; Lv, Li-lang; Chen, Ying-yao; Peng, Wei-jun; Zhu, Jie-ru; Bao, Ping-ping; Ding, Jian-hui; Chang, Cai; Luo, Jian-feng; Cao, Zhi-gang; Xu, Wang-hong; Shao, Zhi-min
Fonte: Springer International Publishing Publicador: Springer International Publishing
Tipo: text
Publicado em 24/06/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
To evaluate the screening performance of individual and combined use of clinical breast examination, ultrasonography and mammography in Chinese women, we conducted a biennial breast cancer screening program among 14,464 women aged 35 to 74 years old who lived in Qibao County, Minhang district of Shanghai, China, between May 2008 and Sept 2012. All participants were submitted to clinical breast examination, and then women with positive results and all women at age of 45-69 years old were preformed breast ultrasonography and mammography. The examination results were compared against pathological findings as the gold standard of reference. A total of 66 women were diagnosed with breast cancer in the two rounds of the screening, yielding an incident rate of 194 per 100,000 person-years. The sensitivity of clinical breast examination, ultrasonography and mammography alone were 61.4%, 53.7% and 67.3%, respectively. While mammography performed better in elder age groups and hormone receptor positive disease groups, ultrasonography had a higher sensitivity in younger age group and did not differ in sensitivity by estrogen receptor or progesterone receptor status. Combined use of the two imaging examinations increased the sensitivity in almost all age groups...

Multimodality Approach to Classifying Hand Utilization for the Clinical Breast Examination

Laufer, Shlomi; Cohen, Elaine R.; Maag, Anne-Lise D.; Kwan, Calvin; Vanveen, Barry; Pugh, Carla M.
Tipo: text
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.05%
The clinical breast examination (CBE) is performed to detect breast pathology. However, little is known regarding clinical technique and how it relates to diagnostic accuracy. We sought to quantify breast examination search patterns and hand utilization with a new data collection and analysis system. Participants performed the CBE while the sensor mapping and video camera system collected performance data. From this data, algorithms were developed that measured the number of hands used during the exam and active examination time. This system is a feasible and reliable method to collect new information on CBE techniques.

Clinical Breast Examination As the Recommended Breast Cancer Screening Modality in a Rural Community in Malaysia; What Are the Factors That Could Enhance Its Uptake?

Nik Farid, Nik Daliana; Abdul Aziz, Norlaili; Al-Sadat, Nabilla; Jamaludin, Mariam; Dahlui, Maznah
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: text
Publicado em 04/09/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
Breast cancer is the most common cause of deaths and the most frequently diagnosed cancer among women worldwide. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of breast cancer screening, specifically on clinical breast examination, and the predictors of its uptake among women in Malaysia. A cross-sectional study was carried out in five selected districts whereby women aged between 20 to 64 years old, from a total of 1000 households were interviewed. A total of 1192 women responded to the survey of which 53.3% reported had ever done clinical breast examination. Significant associations with clinical breast examination were noted for income and distance from the hospital. These factors should be considered in developing interventions aimed at promoting clinical breast examination. In particular, healthcare providers should be proactive in raising awareness about clinical breast examination among women in Malaysia.

Clinical breast exam, and mammography in women referred to health centers in Tabriz, Iran

Farshbaf Khalili, Azizeh; Shahnazi, Mahnaz
Fonte: Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Publicador: Tabriz University of Medical Sciences
Tipo: text
Publicado em 26/05/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.1%
Introduction: Breast cancer is the most common cancer and the second principal cause of cancer death in women as well as the most common cause of death in Iranian women aged 35-55 years. Detection of breast cancer in its early stages is amenable to almost complete cure. Breast cancer screening comprises breast self-examination (BSE), clinical breast examination (CBE) and mammography. The study aimed to examine the performance of CBE and mammography among women referring to health centers of Tabriz, Iran. Methods: This was a descriptive-analytical research carried out on 400 women aged 20-50 years. The samples were chosen through random multistage sampling among health centers of Tabriz then active records of women. A questionnaire and observational checklist was used to elicit socio-demographic information and performance of women towards breast cancer screening methods. Descriptive and inferential statistics (chi-square and Fisher’s exact test) were used to analyze the data through SPSS 13. Results: Only 19.1% of women had clinical breast examination and 3.3% had mammogram. The main reasons why women had not performed breast cancer screening were as follows: being unaware of breast screening methods, not having a breast problem and not feeling the necessity... There was a significant correlation between performing CBE and history of breast tumor and also...

Specificity of Clinical Breast Examination in Community Practice

Fenton, Joshua J.; Rolnick, Sharon J.; Harris, Emily L.; Barton, Mary B.; Barlow, William E.; Reisch, Lisa M.; Herrinton, Lisa J.; Geiger, Ann M.; Elmore, Joann G.; Fletcher, Suzanne W.
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.15%
Background: Millions of women receive clinical breast examination (CBE) each year, as either a breast cancer screening test or a diagnostic test for breast symptoms. While screening CBE had moderately high specificity ((sim)94%) in clinical trials, community clinicians may be comparatively inexperienced and may conduct relatively brief examinations, resulting in even higher specificity but lower sensitivity. Objective: To estimate the specificity of screening and diagnostic CBE in clinical practice and identify patient factors associated with specificity. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Subjects: Breast-cancer-free female health plan enrollees in 5 states (WA, OR, CA, MA, and MN) who received CBE (N?=?1,484). Measurements: Medical charts were abstracted to ascertain breast cancer risk factors, examination purpose (screening vs diagnostic), and results (true-negative vs false-positive). Women were considered “average-risk” if they had neither a family history of breast cancer nor a prior breast biopsy and “increased-risk” otherwise. Results: Among average- and increased-risk women, respectively, the specificity (true-negative proportion) of screening CBE was 99.4% [95% confidence interval (CI): 98.8–99.7%] and 97.1% (95% CI: 95.7–98.0%)...