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The association between low alcohol use and traffic risk behaviors among Brazilian college students

Goncalves, Priscila Dib; Cunha, Paulo Jannuzzi; Malbergier, Andre; do Amaral, Ricardo Abrantes; de Oliveira, Lucio Garcia; Yang, Jasmine J.; de Andrade, Arthur Guerra
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC; NEW YORK Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC; NEW YORK
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.39%
Although there are a large number of studies focused on binge drinking and traffic risk behaviors (TRB), little is known regarding low levels of alcohol consumption and its association to TRB. The aim of this cross-sectional study is to examine the association of low to moderate alcohol intake pattern and TRB in college students in Brazil. 7037 students from a National representative sample were selected under rigorous inclusion criteria. All study participants voluntarily fulfilled a structured, anonymous, and self-questionnaire regarding alcohol and drug use, social-demographic data, and TRB. Alcohol was assessed according to the average number of alcoholic units consumed on standard occasions over the past 12 months. The associations between alcohol intake and TRB were summarized with odds ratio and their confidence interval obtained from logistic regression. Compared with abstainers students who consumed only one alcohol unit had the risk of being a passenger in a car driven by a drunk driver increased by almost four times, students who reported using five or more units were increased by almost five times the risk of being involved in a car crash. Compared with students who consumed one alcohol unit, the risk of driving under the influence of alcohol increased four times in students using three alcohol units. Age group...

Efficacy of brief alcohol screening intervention for college students (BASICS): a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Fachini, Alexandre; Aliane, Poliana P.; Martinez, Edson Z.; Furtado, Erikson F.
Fonte: BIOMED CENTRAL LTD; LONDON Publicador: BIOMED CENTRAL LTD; LONDON
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.48%
Background: Many studies reported that brief interventions are effective in reducing excessive drinking. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a protocol of brief intervention for college students (BASICS), delivered face-to-face, to reduce risky alcohol consumption and negative consequences. Methods: A systematic review with meta-analysis was performed by searching for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in Medline, PsycInfo, Web of Science and Cochrane Library databases. A quality assessment of RCTs was made by using a validated scale. Combined mean effect sizes, using meta-analysis random-effects models, were calculated. Results: 18 studies were included in the review. The sample sizes ranged from 54 to 1275 (median = 212). All studies presented a good evaluation of methodological quality and four were found to have excellent quality. After approximately 12 months of follow-up, students receiving BASICS showed a significant reduction in alcohol consumption (difference between means = -1.50 drinks per week, 95% CI: -3.24 to -0.29) and alcohol-related problems (difference between means = -0.87, 95% CI: -1.58 to -0.20) compared to controls. Conclusions: Overall, BASICS lowered both alcohol consumption and negative consequences in college students. Gender and peer factors seem to play an important role as moderators of behavior change in college drinking. Characteristics of BASICS procedure have been evaluated as more favorable and acceptable by students in comparison with others interventions or control conditions. Considerations for future researches were discussed.

Padrão de consumo de bebidas alcoólicas entre universitários da área da saúde de uma faculdade do interior do Estado de São Paulo; Standard of alcoholic beverages consumption among health area University students from a São Paulo state College Health area

Ribeiro, Elaine
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: dissertação de mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/05/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.61%
A preocupação com o uso do álcool entre universitários é evidente em várias partes do mundo. Diversos estudos mostram que o uso e abuso dessa substância vêm aumentando em ritmo acelerado. Nesse contexto, o presente estudo tem como objetivo identificar o padrão de consumo de álcool e suas conseqüências entre universitários da área de saúde de uma Faculdade privada do interior do estado de São Paulo. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo e exploratório com uma amostra de 1007 estudantes universitários. Para a coleta de dados, utilizou-se um questionário auto-aplicável, contendo três partes: a primeira referente aos dados sóciodemográficos, a segunda refere-se ao padrão de consumo de álcool e a terceira refere-se aos problemas vivenciados por essa população após beber. Entre os resultados estão que a maioria dos estudantes pertence ao sexo feminino 84%, estado civil solteiro 85,1%, com idade entre 18 e 25 anos 79%, provenientes de outras cidades 62,6% e 60,0% referiram não trabalhar. A maioria dos estudantes pertence ao curso de enfermagem 24,2% e em relação ao ano do curso, 30,3% são calouros. Quanto à moradia, 75,1% referiram morar com a família. No que se refere ao tipo de religião 64% afirmaram ser católicos e 67% referem que a religião é muito importante em suas vidas. Em relação ao consumo de álcool...

Expectativas e beber problemático entre universitários; Expectations and problematic drinking among college students

Peuker, Ana Carolina Wolf Baldino; Fogaça, Janaína Lima; Araujo, Lisiane Bizarro
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.54%
O beber problemático é recorrente entre universitários e está associado a inúmeras conseqüências negativas. Portanto, é importante compreender os fatores de risco para este fenômeno. Examinou-se a relação entre expectativas sobre os efeitos do álcool e o padrão de beber de risco em universitários. Os participantes foram 165 universitários, com média de 22 anos (dp=2,5) que responderam aos inventários AUDIT e IECPA. Constatou-se que 44% dos participantes eram consumidores de risco e que 48% possuíam expectativas positivas altas. Entre elas, facilitação das intersações sociais, diminuição e/ou fuga de emoções negativas, ativação e prazer sexual, efeitos positivos na atividade e humor e na avaliação de si mesmo. Houve correlação entre beber problemático e expectativas positivas. Investigar a relação entre padrão de uso e expectativas sobre os efeitos do álcool favorece o planejamento de intervenções terapêuticas e estratégias preventivas mais precisas que visem a reduzir os riscos do beber problemático entre universitários.; Problematic drinking is recurrent among college students and is associated with a variety of negative consequences. Therefore, it is important to understand risk factors for this phenomenon. The present study assessed the relationship between expectations over alcohol effects and risk drinking pattern among college students. Participants were 165 college students with average age of 22 years old (dp= 2...

Selection and Socialization of Risky Drinking during the College Transition:The Importance of Micro-Environments Associated with Specific Living Units

Park, Aesoon; Sher, Kenneth J.; Krull, Jennifer L.
Tipo: text
Publicado em /09/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.58%
Risky drinking among college students differs as a function of living types, with on-campus living, especially Greek residence, as a major risk factor. Both self-selection based on prior drinking and socialization of risky drinking through living environments have been shown to account for this association. However, it is not clear whether selection and socialization processes occur as a function of specific living units within certain living types. Multilevel models using a longitudinal sample of incoming first-year students (N = 2,392) demonstrated that (1) selection into specific living units within both fraternity houses and residence halls occurred on a basis of pre-college drinking (over and above selection into the Greek system in general), (2) these selection effects were accounted for by college attendance motives and cigarette use at the living unit level, (3) socialization of extremely risky drinking among certain fraternity houses was greater than other houses (over and above greater socialization of living at fraternity houses than residence halls in general), and (4) these socialization effects were accounted for by perceived peer drinking norms and alcohol availability at the living unit level. These findings demonstrate both general effects of living types and specific effects of living units in the association between living environments and risky drinking during the college transition.

An Examination of the Mediational Effects of Cognitive and Attitudinal Factors of a Parent Intervention to Reduce College Drinking

Turrisi, Rob; Abar, Caitlin; Mallett, Kimberly A.; Jaccard, James
Tipo: text
Publicado em 01/10/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.63%
As part of a parent intervention to reduce heavy-drinking, college freshmen were assessed for their attitudes toward drinking and reasonable alternatives to drinking on the weekends, as well as cognitive variables underlying attitudinal variables. Intervention parents received a handbook the summer prior to college entrance with information about college drinking and best practices for parent-teen communication. Results revealed that the association between intervention condition and drinking outcomes was mediated by attitudes favorable to drinking and reasonable alternatives to drinking, as well as beliefs about alcohol related behavior. This parent program was shown to be efficacious for changing high-risk drinking in college. Findings are discussed regarding the further development of college drinking prevention programs involving parents.

Alcohol Mixed with Energy Drinks: Consumption Patterns and Motivations for Use in U.S. College Students

Marczinski, Cecile A.
Fonte: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI) Publicador: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Tipo: text
Português
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36.54%
Binge drinking in college students is widespread and known to cause significant harms and health hazards for the drinker. One factor that may be exacerbating hazardous drinking in young people is the new popular trend of consuming alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmED). However, rates of AmED use and motivations for AmED consumption in college students have not been well established. In this study, 706 undergraduate college students from a university in the United States participated in a web-based survey that queried self-reported alcohol, energy drink, and AmED use. In addition, motivations for using AmEDs were assessed. The results indicated that for all participants, 81% reported that they have tried at least one energy drink in the past and 36% reported consumption of at least one energy drink in the past 2 weeks. Alcohol consumption patterns were similar to findings from U.S. national surveys of college drinking, as 37% of respondents were classified as binge drinkers and 23% abstained from drinking. In the whole sample (including the alcohol abstainers), 44% reported trying AmED at least once and 9% reported AmED consumption at least once in the past 2 weeks. 78% of respondents agreed with the statement that AmEDs appeal to underage drinkers. When AmED users were asked about various motivations for consuming AmEDs...

Personalized Mailed Feedback for College Drinking Prevention: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Larimer, Mary E.; Lee, Christine M.; Kilmer, Jason R.; Fabiano, Patricia M.; Stark, Christopher B.; Geisner, Irene M.; Mallett, Kimberly A.; Lostutter, Ty W.; Cronce, Jessica M.; Feeney, Maggie; Neighbors, Clayton
Tipo: text
Publicado em /04/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.46%
The current study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of a mailed feedback and tips intervention as a universal prevention strategy for college drinking. Participants (N = 1,488) were randomly assigned to feedback or assessment-only control conditions. Results indicated that the mailed feedback intervention had a preventive effect on drinking rates overall, with participants in the feedback condition consuming less alcohol at follow-up in comparison with controls. In addition, abstainers in the feedback condition were twice as likely to remain abstinent from alcohol at follow-up in comparison with control participants (odds ratio = 2.02), and feedback participants were significantly more likely to refrain from heavy episodic drinking (odds ratio = 1.43). Neither gender nor severity of baseline drinking moderated the efficacy of the intervention in these analyses, but more conservative analyses utilizing last-observation carryforward suggested women and abstainers benefited more from this prevention approach. Protective behaviors mediated intervention efficacy, with participants who received the intervention being more likely to use strategies such as setting limits and alternating alcohol with nonalcoholic beverages. Implications of these findings for universal prevention of college drinking are discussed.

Transitions in First-Year College Student Drinking Behaviors: Does Pre-College Drinking Moderate the Effects of Parent- and Peer-Based Intervention Components?

Cleveland, Michael J.; Lanza, Stephanie T.; Ray, Anne E.; Turrisi, Rob; Mallett, Kimberly A.
Tipo: text
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.62%
This study used Latent Transition Analysis (LTA) to examine a stage-sequential model of alcohol use among a sample of high-risk matriculating college students (N = 1275). Measures of alcohol use were collected via web-administered surveys during the summer before entering college and followed-up during the fall semester of college. Seven indicators of alcohol use were used in the LTA models, including temporal measures of typical drinking throughout the week. The results indicated that four latent statuses characterized patterns of drinking at both times, though the proportion of students in each status changed during the transition to college: (a) non-drinkers; (b) weekend non-bingers; (c) weekend bingers; and (d) heavy drinkers. Heavy drinkers were distinguished by heavy episodic drinking (HED), and increased likelihood of drinking throughout the week, especially on Thursdays. Covariates were added to the LTA model to examine the main and interaction effects of parent- and peer-based intervention components. Results indicated that participants in the parent and peer conditions were least likely to transition to the heavy drinkers status. Results also indicated that the parent condition was most effective at preventing baseline nondrinkers from transitioning to heavy drinkers whereas the peer condition was most effective at preventing escalation of use among weekend non-bingers. The results underscore the value of considering multiple dimensions of alcohol use within a person-centered approach. Differential treatment effects were found across baseline drinking class...

The Way One Thinks Affects the Way One Drinks: Subjective Evaluations of Alcohol Consequences Predict Subsequent Change in Drinking Behavior

Merrill, Jennifer E.; Read, Jennifer P.; Barnett, Nancy P.
Tipo: text
Português
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36.54%
Heavy alcohol use and related consequences are common during the college years, and are associated with deleterious outcomes for both the students themselves and the college community. Some college students make self-initiated changes to their drinking to avoid such outcomes, but little is known about how such adjustments occur, or characteristics that are associated with making these adjustments. Based on Social Learning Theory (SLT), one cognitive factor that may predict within-person changes in drinking is the subjective evaluations of alcohol consequences (i.e., the extent to which consequences are perceived as negative, aversive or severe). The aim of the present study was to investigate whether subjective evaluations of recently experienced consequences influence within-person changes in drinking behavior. In ten weekly, web-based surveys, regularly drinking college students (N=96, 50 female) reported on their previous week alcohol use and experience of 24 alcohol-related consequences, as well as their subjective evaluations of those consequences. Results demonstrated that evaluations across the consequences varied, and that in addition to differing from one another, students’ evaluations of consequences differed at the within-person level over time. Most importantly...

Young Adults and Casual sex: The Relevance of College Drinking Settings

Bersamin, Melina M.; Paschall, Mallie J.; Saltz, Robert F.; Zamboanga, Byron L.
Tipo: text
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.32%
The current study investigated the relevance of college drinking settings on the likelihood of students’ having sexual intercourse with a stranger. A random sample of 7414 undergraduates at 14 public California universities responded to questions regarding frequency of attendance at six different setting types since the beginning of the semester (e.g. Greek, residence-hall parties, bars/restaurants), drinking behavior and sexual activity. Multi-level modeling examined the association between each setting type and the occurrence of alcohol-related sexual intercourse with a stranger. Findings indicated strong positive associations between frequency of attendance at Greek parties, residence hall parties, off-campus parties, and the occurrence of alcohol-related sex with a stranger. Frequency of attending the six settings and proportion of times drunk at the settings were also positively associated with alcohol-related sex with a stranger. Efforts aimed at preventing outcomes associated with casual sex (e.g. pregnancy, STIs, mental health) should target specific drinking settings where students might be at high risk for risky alcohol use and unsafe sex behaviors.

Maternal and Peer Influences on Drinking among Latino College Students

Varvil-Weld, Lindsey; Turrisi, Rob; Hospital, Michelle M.; Mallett, Kimberly A.; Bámaca-Colbert, Mayra Y.
Tipo: text
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.59%
Previous research on college drinking has paid little attention to Latino students. Social development models (Catalano, Hawkins, & Miller, 1992) suggest protective influences in one domain (e.g., mothers) can offset negative influences from other domains (e.g., peers) though this possibility has not been explored with respect to Latino college student drinking. The present study had two aims: 1) to determine whether four specific maternal influences (monitoring, positive communication, permissiveness, and modeling) and peer descriptive norms were associated with college drinking and consequences among Latino students, and 2) to determine whether maternal influences moderated the effect of peer norms on college drinking and consequences. A sample of 362 first-year students (69.9% female) completed an online assessment regarding their mothers’ monitoring, positive communication, permissiveness, and modeling, peer descriptive norms, and drinking and related consequences. Main effects and two-way interactions (mother x peer) were assessed using separate hierarchical regression models for three separate outcomes: peak drinking, weekly drinking, and alcohol-related consequences. Maternal permissiveness and peer descriptive norms were positively associated with drinking and consequences. Maternal communication was negatively associated with consequences. Findings indicate previously identified maternal and peer influences are also relevant for Latino students and highlight future directions that would address the dearth of research in this area.

Magnitude and Prevention of College Drinking and Related Problems

Hingson, Ralph W.
Fonte: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Publicador: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
Tipo: text
Publicado em //2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.65%
In 2002, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) issued a report entitled A Call to Action: Changing the Culture of Drinking at U.S. Colleges. Data on the magnitude of college drinking problems in 1998 to 1999 were reported. From 1999 to 2005, the proportion of college students aged 18–24 who drank five or more drinks on a single occasion in the past month increased from 41.7 percent to 45.2 percent. The proportion who drove under the influence of alcohol increased from 26.1 percent to 29.2 percent. Higher percentages of 21- to 24-year-olds engaged in those behaviors than 18- to 20-year-olds, and between 1999 and 2005 the percentage increased among 21- to 24-year-olds but not among those aged 18–20. From 1998 to 2005, unintentional alcohol-related injury deaths increased 3 percent (from 1,442 to 1,825) per 100,000 college students aged 18–24. Alcohol misuse by college students often harms other people through traffic crashes and sexual/other assaults. Research regarding ways to reduce college drinking problems has shown that individual-oriented interventions, particularly screening and brief motivational counseling interventions, social norms interventions, environmental policy changes such as the minimum legal drinking age of 21 and drinking-and-driving laws...

The Burden of Alcohol Use: Excessive Alcohol Consumption and Related Consequences Among College Students

White, Aaron; Hingson, Ralph
Fonte: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Publicador: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
Tipo: text
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.59%
Research shows that multiple factors influence college drinking, from an individual’s genetic susceptibility to the positive and negative effects of alcohol, alcohol use during high school, campus norms related to drinking, expectations regarding the benefits and detrimental effects of drinking, penalties for underage drinking, parental attitudes about drinking while at college, whether one is member of a Greek organization or involved in athletics, and conditions within the larger community that determine how accessible and affordable alcohol is. Consequences of college drinking include missed classes and lower grades, injuries, sexual assaults, overdoses, memory blackouts, changes in brain function, lingering cognitive deficits, and death. This article examines recent findings about the causes and consequences of excessive drinking among college students relative to their non-college peers and many of the strategies used to collect and analyze relevant data, as well as the inherent hurdles and limitations of such strategies.

Sustained Parenting and College Drinking in First-Year Students

Turrisi, Rob; Ray, Anne E.
Tipo: text
Publicado em /04/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.62%
Research indicates that for many students excessive drinking in college is a continuation of high school drinking tendencies. However, there have been limited theory-driven, systematic interventions targeting students so as to prevent alcohol misuse in their transition to college. Almost all current prevention approaches tend to be focused on younger populations and college-drinking interventions are typically delivered to students when they are already on campus. These analyses draw from a novel program of research involving parents of college freshmen based on the work of Turrisi et al. and focuses on examining: (1) the relationship between parenting and student drinking tendencies during the transitional period between high school and college and into the first year of college, and (2) the mediation process by which sustained parenting throughout the first year is related to college-drinking outcomes and consequences so as to inform future intervention efforts. The empirical evidence from this study suggests that sustained parental efforts have a beneficial effect on reducing high-risk drinking and preventing harm even at this late stage of late adolescent/early adult development.

Associations of descriptive and reflective injunctive norms with risky college drinking

Collins, Susan E.; Spelman, Philip J.
Tipo: text
Publicado em /12/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.58%
The current study describes the relative predictive power of descriptive norms (i.e., how much the target student believes referents “drink until they get drunk”) and reflective injunctive norms (i.e., target student’s perception of referents’ approval of the target student drinking until drunk) across various reference groups. The aim of this study was to gain further insight into which types of norms and reference groups are most highly concurrently correlated with risky drinking. It was hypothesized that both reflective injunctive and descriptive norms would be significantly positively correlated with risky drinking outcomes, and that more proximal reference group norms would be more highly predictive than more distal reference group norms. Participants (N = 837) were college students on the US west coast who completed questionnaires in the context of a longitudinal parent study. Cross-sectional, zero-inflated negative binomial regressions were used to test the relative strengths of correlations between descriptive and reflective injunctive norms (i.e., for typical college students, closest friend, person whose opinion they value most and closest family member) and risky drinking (i.e., peak alcohol quantity, frequency of heavy drinking episodes...

The Interactive Effects of Affect Lability, Negative Urgency, and Sensation Seeking on Young Adult Problematic Drinking

Karyadi, Kenny; Coskunpinar, Ayca; Dir, Allyson L.; Cyders, Melissa A.
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: text
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.53%
Prior studies have suggested that affect lability might reduce the risk for problematic drinking among sensation seekers by compensating for their deficiencies in emotional reactivity and among individuals high on negative urgency by disrupting stable negative emotions. Due to the high prevalence of college drinking, this study examined whether affect lability interacted with sensation seeking and negative urgency to influence college student problematic drinking. 414 college drinkers (mean age: 20, 77% female, and 74% Caucasian) from a US Midwestern University completed self-administered questionnaires online. Consistent with our hypotheses, our results indicated that the effects of sensation seeking and negative urgency on problematic drinking weakened at higher levels of affect lability. These findings emphasize the importance of considering specific emotional contexts in understanding how negative urgency and sensation seeking create risk for problematic drinking among college students. These findings might also help us better understand how to reduce problematic drinking among sensation seekers and individuals high on negative urgency.

Interactive effects of drinking history and impulsivity on college drinking

Adams, Zachary W.; Milich, Richard; Lynam, Donald R.; Charnigo, Richard J.
Tipo: text
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.56%
The transition from adolescence into emerging adulthood is a critical developmental period for changes in alcohol use and drinking related problems. Prior research has identified a number of distinct developmental alcohol use trajectories, which appear to be differentially related to young adult drinking outcomes. Another correlate of alcohol use in early adulthood is impulsivity. The primary aim of this study was to examine the moderating role of impulsivity in the relation between patterns of past alcohol use and hazardous drinking during the first year of college. Participants (N=452; 49% male; mean age 18.5 years; 82% Caucasian) completed self-report measures during the first year of college, including retrospective alcohol use calendars, current alcohol use and drinking problems, and personality. Group-based trajectory modeling was used to identify groups with similar adolescent drinking history from retrospective, self-report. Four groups were identified: abstainers/very light users, late/moderate users, early/moderate users, and steep increase/heavy users. The abstainer/very light user group reported the lowest levels of alcohol use and problematic drinking in college; the steep increase/heavy use group reported the highest levels of alcohol use and problematic drinking. As predicted...

Female College Drinking and the Social Learning Theory: An Examination of the Developmental Transition Period from High School to College

LaBrie, Joseph W.; Huchting, Karie; Pedersen, Eric R.; Hummer, Justin F.; Shelesky, Kristin; Tawalbeh, Summer
Tipo: text
Publicado em //2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.63%
Problematic drinking among college students remains a national issue with large percentages of college students reporting heavy episodic or binge drinking (Wechsler, Dowdall, Davenport, & Castillo, 1995) and experiencing severe alcohol-related consequences ranging from poor academic performance, to sexual assault, vandalism, and even death (Hingson, Heeren, Winter, & Wechsler, 2005; Wechsler et al., 2002). According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA, 2002), the first 6 weeks on a college campus are critical to first-year student success. However, during these first weeks many students initiate heavy drinking that may interfere with their ability to adapt to campus life, and patterns of drinking established during these first weeks persist throughout college (Schulenberg et al., 2001). Approximately one third of first-year students fail to enroll for their second year due to difficulties with the transition to college (Upcraft, 1995). Drinking may compromise successful negotiation of the transition into college and therefore jeopardize overall collegiate success. Therefore, the ability to identify specific students as they enter college who may develop problematic drinking patterns and related negative consequences would allow student affairs personnel to more effectively design and target risk-reduction programs and interventions.

An Examination of Prepartying and Drinking Game Playing During High School and Their Impact on Alcohol-Related Risk Upon Entrance into College

Kenney, Shannon R.; Hummer, Justin F.; LaBrie, Joseph W.
Tipo: text
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.64%
Prepartying and drinking game playing are associated with excessive alcohol consumption and alcohol-related negative consequences in college populations; however, research exploring the prevalence of these high risk drinking contexts among high school students, and how such engagement may impact both high school and subsequent college drinking risk, is lacking. The current study, which is the first study to assess prepartying during high school, examined how engaging in either prepartying or drinking game playing during high school was associated with risky high school drinking as well asalcohol use and consequences during the transitional first month of college. The study involved 477 first-year college students, the majority of whom were 18 years old (94%), female (66%), and Caucasian (59%). Prepartying was found to be highly prevalent in high school (45%). Further, students who prepartied or played drinking games during high school drank significantly more in high school than students who did not engage in these high risk activities. Finally, prepartying and game playing during high school were associated with greater collegiate alcohol consumption (controlling for high school drinking) and consequences (controlling for both high school and college drinking). This study establishes prepartying and drinking games as common high risk activities among both high school and incoming first-year college students...