Página 1 dos resultados de 21 itens digitais encontrados em 0.053 segundos

Sobredotação: perceção de competências : um estudo de caso

Abreu, Cristina Maria de Lurdes Ribeiro
Tipo: masterthesis
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.01%
Compreender as necessidades e interesses das crianças sobredotadas tem constituído um dos grandes desafios da educação diferenciada. Estas crianças são vistas, pela maioria das pessoas, como crianças com uma inteligência extraordinária, que frequentam turmas avançadas ou convivem com os mais velhos, os ?geniosinhos?. No entanto, estes juízos de valor, mitos e rótulos, são extremamente prejudiciais para as crianças e as famílias, pois perpetuam preconceitos erróneos, cerceadores de oportunidades de crescimento e de desenvolvimento, assim como se apresentam, muitas vezes, como entraves à pesquisa e ao conhecimento do que são as crianças sobredotadas: a sua personalidade, as suas características e os seus direitos. A inteligência das crianças sobredotadas pode manifestar-se em diversas áreas, pelo que a identificação promove o recurso a entrevistas e a escalas de desempenho, percepção dos pais e interesses das próprias crianças, deixando para trás, os limitativos testes de Quociente de Inteligência (Q.I.), por não verificação, da parte emocional. A sobredotação é algo valiosa e deveria ser respeitada como tal, começando pela Legislação Portuguesa, que não a contempla como Necessidade Educativa Especial sendo urgente e necessário dar a conhecer aos pais...

Inteligência emocional : teoria, pesquisa, medida, aplicações e controvérsias; Emotional Intelligence: theory, research, measurement, applications, and controversies

Woyciekoski, Carla; Hutz, Claudio Simon
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.4%
A Inteligência Emocional (IE) constitui um construto psicológico recente, e um dos aspectos da inteligência mais discutidos na atualidade. Ela reflete, sobretudo, o estudo das interações entre emoção e inteligência, o que nos permite inferir a complexidade do campo conceitual, bem como as dificuldades metodológicas daí decorrentes. Este artigo visa informar ao leitor o corrente status da IE do ponto de vista científico, apresentando-se os modelos teóricos correntes desta forma de inteligência, bem como suas principais características, qualidades, falhas, críticas à teoria, aplicações e correlações com outros construtos psicológicos. Além disso, apresenta-se uma discussão acerca dos tipos de instrumentos de medida da IE que têm sido utilizados, incluindo aspectos e pesquisas relacionadas à capacidade destas escalas de predizer comportamentos, de forma independente das medidas psicométricas existentes. Embora sejam notáveis a ampliação do campo e os progressos no desenvolvimento da teoria da IE, bem como dos testes que se propõem medi-la, ainda há problemas a serem sanados e melhor investigados (como os referentes à validade de construto e aos tipos de escalas de IE existentes). Estes e outros aspectos serão relatados e problematizados ao longo do artigo.; Emotional Intelligence (EI) is a recent psychological construct...

Cerebellar Cognitive Affective Syndrome in Machado Joseph Disease: Core Clinical Features

Braga-Neto, Pedro; Pedroso, Jose Luiz; Alessi, Helena; Dutra, Livia Almeida; Felicio, Andre Carvalho; Minett, Thais; Weisman, Patricia; Santos-Galduroz, Ruth F.; Bertolucci, Paulo Henrique F.; Gabbai, Alberto Alain; Povoas Barsottini, Orlando Graziani
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 549-556
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.91%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); The cerebellum is no longer considered a purely motor control device, and convincing evidence has demonstrated its relationship to cognitive and emotional neural circuits. The aims of the present study were to establish the core cognitive features in our patient population and to determine the presence of Cerebellar Cognitive Affective Syndrome (CCAS) in this group. We recruited 38 patients with spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) or Machado-Joseph disease (MJD)-SCA3/MJD and 31 controls. Data on disease status were recorded (disease duration, age, age at onset, ataxia severity, and CAG repeat length). The severity of cerebellar symptoms was measured using the International Cooperative Ataxia Rating Scale and the Scale for the Assessment and Rating of Ataxia. The neuropsychological assessment consisted of the Mini-Mental State Examination, Clock Drawing Test, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Stroop Color-Word Test, Trail-Making Test, Verbal Paired Associates, and verbal fluency tests. All subjects were also submitted to the Hamilton Anxiety Scale and Beck Depression Inventory. After controlling for multiple comparisons...

A construção da identidade infantil em crianças de periferia : (a sociopsicomotricidade Ramain-Thiers e a ampliação de espaço terapeutico)

Sonia Grubits Gonçalves de Oliveira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/06/1996 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.94%
Em maio de 1993, iniciamos um projeto de aplicação de Sociopsicomotricidade Ramain- Thiers em três Instituições que abrigam menores de nível sócio-econômico .baixo, em regime de internato e semi-internato, em Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. O trabalho, em cada Instituição, foi desenvolvido em grupos de seis crianças, na faixa etária de sete a nove anos, sorteadas em um para terapia e em outro para constituírem o grupo de controle. Chegamos ao final do projeto trabalhando com cinqüenta e seis crianças. Todas as crianças envolvidas no projeto foram avaliadas inicialmente através dos testes Raven Infantil (inteligência), House, Tree, Person and Family-HTPF (personalidade), Teste Gestáltico de Bender (maturidade perceptivo-viso-motora e emocional) e fizeram provas de Leitura e Escrita, sendo, um ano depois, reavaliadas com os mesmos instrumentos. O objetivo do trabalho era verificar, nos indivíduos em estudo, as possibilidades de desenvolvimento e reconstrução da Identidade infantil através de uma grupoterapia que envolvesse propostas corporaIs, rabalhos de psicomotricidade diferenciada com uma leitura analítica e que favorece a retomada dos diferentes estágios de desenvolvimento psicossexual, segundo Freud. As análises dos resultados...

Um estudo sobre crianças pré-escolares socialmente competentes e crianças pré-escolares com comportamento exteriorizados no contexto familiar

Szelbracikowski, Adriane Corrêa
Tipo: tese / thesis
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.94%
Tese (doutorado)—Universidade de Brasília, Instituto de Psicologia, Departamento de Psicologia Escolar e do Desenvolvimento, 2009.; A necessidade de focalizar aspectos do desenvolvimento cognitivo, do estresse parental e do funcionamento familiar, em pesquisas a respeito do ajustamento social da criança préescolar, é enfatizada na literatura sobre competência social e comportamentos exteriorizados. Portanto, este estudo teve como objetivos descrever e comparar: (a) características cognitivas, emocionais, sociais e de comportamento do grupo de crianças socialmente competentes (Grupo A) e do grupo de crianças com comportamentos exteriorizados (Grupo B); as expectativas dos genitores quanto ao rendimento acadêmico de seus filhos e aspectos do desenvolvimento motor, de linguagem e social, relatados pela mãe e pelo pai; (b) o microssistema familiar dessas crianças, com base na percepção dos genitores, destacando os modos de vida, os principais eventos, o funcionamento familiar e o estresse parental. Participaram deste estudo 32 crianças pré-escolares e suas famílias, sendo: 20 famílias do Tipo 1 (ambos os genitores coabitavam com a criança) e 12 do Tipo 2 (apenas um genitor coabitava com a criança). As crianças foram classificadas por suas professoras como socialmente competentes (n=18) e com comportamentos exteriorizados (n=14). A coleta de dados foi efetuada em duas etapas...

Resolução criativa de problemas de âmbito comunitário em adolescentes do ensino profissional

Alves, Mariana Moreira
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/masterthesis
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.24%
Dissertação de mestrado em Estudos da Criança (área de especialização em Intervenção Psicossocial com Crianças, Jovens e Famílias); A criatividade é um requisito essencial e consensual na atualidade, nomeadamente no contexto educativo. O treino de competências de resolução criativa de problemas nos alunos é então uma necessidade, mas também uma lacuna, no panorama português. Este estudo visou uma análise exploratória do impacto do programa “Future Problem Solving” (programa de treino em competências de resolução criativa de problemas) a nível de competências criativas (abstração de títulos, fluência, resistência fechamento, elaboração, originalidade e vigor criativo), da motivação para a aprendizagem e da inteligência emocional. Foram alvo do programa 40 adolescentes do Ensino Profissional (3 turmas, respetivamente do 10º , 11º e 12º ano de escolaridade). Nos momentos pré e pós teste usaram-se os instrumentos de medida Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT); forma figurativa (adaptado por Azevedo, 2007); ESCQ – Emotional Skills and Competence Questionnaire (adaptado por Santos e Faria, 2005) e a Escala de Motivação para a Aprendizagem ( adaptado por Azevedo & Morais – cf. Azevedo et al...

Medição da eficácia do treino de competências de inteligência emocional

Ramos, Isabel Cristina Bola
Fonte: Universidade de Aveiro Publicador: Universidade de Aveiro
Tipo: masterthesis
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.47%
O presente trabalho é um estudo quasi-experimental que se propõe medir a eficácia do Treino de Competências de Inteligência Emocional do “Clube de Inteligência Emocional” da Escola EB 2.3. de São João da Madeira, cujo objectivo foi a observação da interacção entre Inteligência Emocional, Perturbação do Comportamento e Sucesso Escolar. Os métodos utilizados consistiram na aplicação de instrumentos que decorreram em duas fases: a 1.ª fase no mês de Novembro de 2006 (momento antes), a 2.ª fase no mês de Maio de 2007 (momento depois). Para medir o Nível de Inteligência Emocional foi administrado aos alunos do Clube e aos alunos que o não frequentavam o Emotional Competence Inventory – University Edition (ECI-U) Versão Modificada. Com o objectivo de medir a Perturbação do Comportamento, administrámos um questionário com uma escala visuo-analógica aos directores de turma, para que avaliassem esses alunos. Por fim, para a determinação do Sucesso Escolar, calculámos a média das classificações dos 1.º e 2.º períodos do ano lectivo. A amostra foi constituída por 103 alunos da Escola EB 2.3. de S. João da Madeira com idades que variam entre os 9 e 13 anos, divididos em dois grupos: grupo experimental (35 alunos que frequentaram o referido clube) e grupo de controlo (68 alunos que não frequentaram o clube). Determinámos frequências...

Inteligência emocional : validação do MSCEIT numa amostra portuguesa

Monteiro, Nuno Luís Pereira
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/masterthesis
Publicado em //2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.26%
Tese de mestrado, Psicologia (Secção de Psicologia Clínica e da Saúde - Núcleo de Psicoterapia Cognitiva-Comportamental e Integrativa), Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Psicologia e de Ciências da Educação, 2009; O presente estudo tem como objectivo estudar a validade de construto, definida enquanto validação intra-conceito e inter-conceitos (Dickes, Tournois, Flieller & Kop 1994), do Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT), bem como do modelo de Inteligência Emocional (IE) inicialmente proposto por Salovey e Mayer (1990). Esta técnica foi aplicada a uma amostra de 106 estudantes do 1º ano da Academia Militar e os resultados foram comparados com os de outros testes, cognitivos e de personalidade, aplicados em sede de selecção à mesma amostra. Pode concluir-se, da perspectiva da validação intra-conceito, que as quatro componentes da IE estão positivamente correlacionadas entre si; e da perspectiva da validação inter-conceitos, que as correlações entre o MSCEIT e os testes cognitivos são baixas a moderadas e que não se verificam correlações significativas entre o MSCEIT e os testes de personalidade, o que confirma na linha de argumentação dos próprios autores (Mayer, Salovey & Caruso...

IS THE PREFRONTAL CORTEX IMPORTANT FOR FLUID INTELLIGENCE? A NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL STUDY USING MATRIX REASONING

Tranel, Daniel; Manzel, Kenneth; Anderson, Steven W.
Tipo: text
Publicado em /03/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.15%
Patients with prefrontal damage and severe defects in decision making and emotional regulation often have a remarkable absence of intellectual impairment, as measured by conventional IQ tests such as the WAIS/WAIS-R. This enigma might be explained by shortcomings in the tests, which tend to emphasize measures of “crystallized” (e.g., vocabulary, fund of information) more than “fluid” (e.g., novel problem solving) intelligence. The WAIS-III added the Matrix Reasoning subtest to enhance measurement of fluid reasoning. In a set of four studies, we investigated Matrix Reasoning performances in 80 patients with damage to various sectors of the prefrontal cortex, and contrasted these with the performances of 80 demographically matched patients with damage outside the frontal lobes. The results failed to support the hypothesis that prefrontal damage would disproportionately impair fluid intelligence, and every prefrontal subgroup we studied (dorsolateral, ventromedial, dorsolateral + ventromedial) had Matrix Reasoning scores (as well as IQ scores more generally) that were indistinguishable from those of the brain-damaged comparison groups. Our findings do not support a connection between fluid intelligence and the frontal lobes, although a viable alternative interpretation is that the Matrix Reasoning subtest lacks construct validity as a measure of fluid intelligence.

Frontal brain dysfunction in alcoholism with and without antisocial personality disorder

Oscar-Berman, Marlene; Valmas, Mary M; Sawyer, Kayle S; Kirkley, Shalene M; Gansler, David A; Merritt, Diane; Couture, Ashley
Fonte: Dove Medical Press Publicador: Dove Medical Press
Tipo: text
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.91%
Alcoholism and antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) often are comorbid conditions. Alcoholics, as well as nonalcoholic individuals with ASPD, exhibit behaviors associated with prefrontal brain dysfunction such as increased impulsivity and emotional dysregulation. These behaviors can influence drinking motives and patterns of consumption. Because few studies have investigated the combined association between ASPD and alcoholism on neuropsychological functioning, this study examined the influence of ASPD symptoms and alcoholism on tests sensitive to frontal brain deficits. The participants were 345 men and women. Of them, 144 were abstinent alcoholics (66 with ASPD symptoms), and 201 were nonalcoholic control participants (24 with ASPD symptoms). Performances among the groups were examined with Trails A and B tests, the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, the Controlled Oral Word Association Test, the Ruff Figural Fluency Test, and Performance subtests of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale. Measures of affect also were obtained. Multiple regression analyses showed that alcoholism, specific drinking variables (amount and duration of heavy drinking), and ASPD were significant predictors of frontal system and affective abnormalities. These effects were different for men and women. The findings suggested that the combination of alcoholism and ASPD leads to greater deficits than the sum of each.

Neuropsychological Profile in Early-Onset Schizophrenia-Spectrum Disorders: Measured With the MATRICS Battery

Holmén, Aina; Juuhl-Langseth, Monica; Thormodsen, Rune; Melle, Ingrid; Rund, Bjørn Rishovd
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: text
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.83%
Objective: Neurocognitive impairments have been documented in adolescents with early-onset schizophrenia (EOS). There is still inconsistency regarding an average profile, which could be due to the fact that each study uses different tests. The purpose of this study was to examine whether the “Measurement and Treatment Research to Improve Cognition in Schizophrenia” (MATRICS) battery is useful in detecting differences between the patient group and the healthy controls, and to describe the neuropsychological pattern in the EOS group. Method: Neuropsychological functioning was examined in 31 adolescents with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and 67 healthy controls, using the MATRICS battery. Results: There were significant differences between the patients and the controls on every domain except for social cognition. Patients showed a generalized neurocognitive deficit of 0.8–1.8 SDs compared with controls, with verbal learning, working memory, and visual learning being the most affected areas. Conclusions: The MATRICS battery is sensitive in detecting differences between patients and controls in the adolescent population. However, we question the use of Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test in this age group. Results document a significant generalized deficit in adolescents with EOS.

Working memory and the identification of facial expression in patients with left frontal glioma

Mu, Yong-Gao; Huang, Ling-Juan; Li, Shi-Yun; Ke, Chao; Chen, Yu; Jin, Yu; Chen, Zhong-Ping
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: text
Publicado em /09/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.91%
Patients with brain tumors may have cognitive dysfunctions including memory deterioration, such as working memory, that affect quality of life. This study was to explore the presence of defects in working memory and the identification of facial expressions in patients with left frontal glioma. This case-control study recruited 11 matched pairs of patients and healthy control subjects (mean age ± standard deviation, 37.00 ± 10.96 years vs 36.73 ± 11.20 years; 7 male and 4 female) from March through December 2011. The psychological tests contained tests that estimate verbal/visual-spatial working memory, executive function, and the identification of facial expressions. According to the paired samples analysis, there were no differences in the anxiety and depression scores or in the intelligence quotients between the 2 groups (P > .05). All indices of the Digit Span Test were significantly worse in patients than in control subjects (P < .05), but the Tapping Test scores did not differ between patient and control groups. Of all 7 Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) indexes, only the Preservative Response was significantly different between patients and control subjects (P < .05). Patients were significantly less accurate in detecting angry facial expressions than were control subjects (30.3% vs 57.6%; P < .05) but showed no deficits in the identification of other expressions. The backward indexes of the Digit Span Test were associated with emotion scores and tumor size and grade (P < .05). Patients with left frontal glioma had deficits in verbal working memory and the ability to identify anger. These may have resulted from damage to functional frontal cortex regions...

Function and Dysfunction of Prefrontal Brain Circuitry in Alcoholic Korsakoff’s Syndrome

Oscar-Berman, Marlene
Tipo: text
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.03%
The signature symptom of alcohol-induced persisting amnestic disorder, more commonly referred to as alcoholic Korsakoff’s syndrome (KS), is anterograde amnesia, or memory loss for recent events, and until the mid 20th Century, the putative brain damage was considered to be in diencephalic and medial temporal lobe structures. Overall intelligence, as measured by standardized IQ tests, usually remains intact. Preservation of IQ occurs because memories formed before the onset of prolonged heavy drinking — the types of information and abilities tapped by intelligence tests — remain relatively well preserved compared with memories recently acquired. However, clinical and experimental evidence has shown that neurobehavioral dysfunction in alcoholic patients with KS does include nonmnemonic abilities, and further brain damage involves extensive frontal and limbic circuitries. Among the abnormalities are confabulation, disruption of elements of executive functioning and cognitive control, and emotional impairments. Here, we discuss the relationship between neurobehavioral impairments in KS and alcoholism-related brain damage. More specifically, we examine the role of damage to prefrontal brain systems in the neuropsychological profile of alcoholic KS.

Emotional Intelligence and Mismatching Expressive and Verbal Messages: A Contribution to Detection of Deception

Wojciechowski, Jerzy; Stolarski, Maciej; Matthews, Gerald
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: text
Publicado em 21/03/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.16%
Processing facial emotion, especially mismatches between facial and verbal messages, is believed to be important in the detection of deception. For example, emotional leakage may accompany lying. Individuals with superior emotion perception abilities may then be more adept in detecting deception by identifying mismatch between facial and verbal messages. Two personal factors that may predict such abilities are female gender and high emotional intelligence (EI). However, evidence on the role of gender and EI in detection of deception is mixed. A key issue is that the facial processing skills required to detect deception may not be the same as those required to identify facial emotion. To test this possibility, we developed a novel facial processing task, the FDT (Face Decoding Test) that requires detection of inconsistencies between facial and verbal cues to emotion. We hypothesized that gender and ability EI would be related to performance when cues were inconsistent. We also hypothesized that gender effects would be mediated by EI, because women tend to score as more emotionally intelligent on ability tests. Data were collected from 210 participants. Analyses of the FDT suggested that EI was correlated with superior face decoding in all conditions. We also confirmed the expected gender difference...

What Is the Ability Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT) Good for? An Evaluation Using Item Response Theory

Fiori, Marina; Antonietti, Jean-Philippe; Mikolajczak, Moira; Luminet, Olivier; Hansenne, Michel; Rossier, Jérôme
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: text
Publicado em 05/06/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.22%
The ability approach has been indicated as promising for advancing research in emotional intelligence (EI). However, there is scarcity of tests measuring EI as a form of intelligence. The Mayer Salovey Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test, or MSCEIT, is among the few available and the most widespread measure of EI as an ability. This implies that conclusions about the value of EI as a meaningful construct and about its utility in predicting various outcomes mainly rely on the properties of this test. We tested whether individuals who have the highest probability of choosing the most correct response on any item of the test are also those who have the strongest EI ability. Results showed that this is not the case for most items: The answer indicated by experts as the most correct in several cases was not associated with the highest ability; furthermore, items appeared too easy to challenge individuals high in EI. Overall results suggest that the MSCEIT is best suited to discriminate persons at the low end of the trait. Results are discussed in light of applied and theoretical considerations.

Further Tests of Belief-Importance Theory

Petrides, K. V.; Furnham, Adrian
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: text
Publicado em 13/04/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.83%
Belief-importance (belimp) theory hypothesizes that personality traits confer a propensity to perceive convergences or divergences between the belief that we can attain certain goals and the importance that we place on these goals. Belief and importance are conceptualized as two coordinates, together defining the belimp plane. We tested fundamental aspects of the theory using four different planes based on the life domains of appearance, family, financial security, and friendship as well as a global plane combining these four domains. The criteria were from the areas of personality (Big Five and trait emotional intelligence) and learning styles. Two hundred and fifty eight participants were allocated into the four quadrants of the belimp plane (Hubris, Motivation, Depression, and Apathy) according to their scores on four reliable instruments. Most hypotheses were supported by the data. Results are discussed with reference to the stability of the belimp classifications under different life domains and the relationship of the quadrants with the personality traits that are hypothesized to underpin them.

Emotional Intelligence is a Protective Factor for Suicidal Behavior

Cha, Christine Boram; Nock, Matthew K.
Fonte: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins Publicador: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
Objective: Little is known about what factors protect against the occurrence of suicide ideation and attempts. We tested whether emotional intelligence (EI)—the ability to perceive, integrate, understand, and manage one’s emotions—decreases the likelihood of suicide ideation and attempts among those at risk. Method: Adolescents (N=54) aged 12-19 were recruited from local psychiatric clinics and the community to participate in this cross-sectional laboratory-based study. Analyses examined whether the relations between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and suicide ideation and attempts were moderated by adolescents’ EI. These constructs were assessed using self-report, structured interviews, and performance-based tests, respectively. Results: Analyses revealed that EI is a protective factor for both suicide ideation and attempts. Specifically, CSA was strongly predictive of these outcomes among those with low EI, weakly predictive among those with medium EI, and completely unrelated among those with high EI. Follow-up analyses revealed that the protective effect of EI was driven primarily by differences in Strategic EI (i.e., ability to understand and manage emotions) but not Experiential EI (i.e., ability to perceive emotions and integrate emotions into thoughts). Conclusions: This study provides preliminary evidence that EI is a protective factor for suicide ideation and attempts. Important next steps include testing the moderating influence of EI on a wider range of stressful life events and self-injurious behaviors...

Implementing a pilot leadership course for internal medicine residents: design considerations, participant impressions, and lessons learned

Blumenthal, Daniel M; Bernard, Ken; Fraser, Traci N; Bohnen, Jordan; Zeidman, Jessica; Stone, Valerie E
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.83%
Background: Effective clinical leadership is associated with better patient care. We implemented and evaluated a pilot clinical leadership course for second year internal medicine residents at a large United States Academic Medical Center that is part of a multi-hospital health system. Methods: The course met weekly for two to three hours during July, 2013. Sessions included large group discussions and small group reflection meetings. Topics included leadership styles, emotional intelligence, and leading clinical teams. Course materials were designed internally and featured “business school style” case studies about everyday clinical medicine which explore how leadership skills impact care delivery. Participants evaluated the course’s impact and quality using a post-course survey. Questions were structured in five point likert scale and free text format. Likert scale responses were converted to a 1-5 scale (1 = strongly disagree; 3 = neither agree nor disagree; 5 = strongly agree), and means were compared to the value 3 using one-way T-tests. Responses to free text questions were analyzed using the constant comparative method. Results: All sixteen pilot course participants completed the survey. Participants overwhelmingly agreed that the course provided content and skills relevant to their clinical responsibilities and leadership roles. Most participants also acknowledged that taking the course improved their understanding of their strengths and weaknesses as leaders...

7 Leadership Blind Spots: Adult Development, Emotional Intelligence, and Leadership Effectiveness Among Biotech R&D Leaders

Shiner, Michael
Tipo: thesis or dissertation; text Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
In this multiple-case study of 6 mid-level leaders working in biotech R&D--an archetype of a complex, uncertain, turbulent, and, multidisciplinary 21st-Century workplace--I explore the importance and interaction of mental complexity (MC), an aspect of adult development, and emotional intelligence (EI) for leadership effectiveness (LE). MC concerns the sophistication of the mindsets we use to construct stories for ourselves about the meaning of things. EI refers to one’s ability to manage one’s own emotions, appraise those of others, and engage emotional matters intelligently. I investigate how MC and EI contribute, separately or together, to LE. To select 6 case-study subjects I administered two psychometric tests: MSCEIT (an EI test) and LDMA (a test of MC) to 11 R&D leaders working at the same biotech company. I selected 2 contrasting groups: 2 people who scored high on MC and moderate on EI and 4 people who scored moderately high on MC and moderate on EI. I then conducted semi-structured 360-degree interviews with case-subjects, 2 of their superiors, and 2 of their subordinates. Interview data analysis included scoring a measure of LE created for this research. Interviewee responses suggested that MC and EI tend to work jointly to enhance LE and that insufficiency of MC and EI are associated with one or more of 7 fault lines of leadership...

7 Leadership Blind Spots: Adult Development, Emotional Intelligence, and Leadership Effectiveness Among Biotech R&D Leaders

Shiner, Michael
Tipo: thesis or dissertation; text Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
In this multiple-case study of 6 mid-level leaders working in biotech R&D--an archetype of a complex, uncertain, turbulent, and, multidisciplinary 21st-Century workplace--I explore the importance and interaction of mental complexity (MC), an aspect of adult development, and emotional intelligence (EI) for leadership effectiveness (LE). MC concerns the sophistication of the mindsets we use to construct stories for ourselves about the meaning of things. EI refers to one’s ability to manage one’s own emotions, appraise those of others, and engage emotional matters intelligently. I investigate how MC and EI contribute, separately or together, to LE. To select 6 case-study subjects I administered two psychometric tests: MSCEIT (an EI test) and LDMA (a test of MC) to 11 R&D leaders working at the same biotech company. I selected 2 contrasting groups: 2 people who scored high on MC and moderate on EI and 4 people who scored moderately high on MC and moderate on EI. I then conducted semi-structured 360-degree interviews with case-subjects, 2 of their superiors, and 2 of their subordinates. Interview data analysis included scoring a measure of LE created for this research. Interviewee responses suggested that MC and EI tend to work jointly to enhance LE and that insufficiency of MC and EI are associated with one or more of 7 fault lines of leadership...