Página 1 dos resultados de 25501 itens digitais encontrados em 0.040 segundos

Role of physical activity and diet in incidence of hypertension: a population-based study in Portuguese adults

Camões, Miguel; Oliveira, Andreia; Pereira, Marta; Severo, Milton; Lopes, Carla
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.58%
Background/Objectives: To evaluate longitudinally the role of physical activity (PA) (type and intensity) and diet (measured using DASH score, nutrients and food intake) in hypertension incidence. Subjects/Methods: As part of the EPIPorto study, 549 participants (X40 years), resident in Porto, Portugal, at risk of developing hypertension, were evaluated. Blood pressure (BP) measurements were obtained twice (1999–2003 and 2005–2008), with a median interval of 3.8 years. Hypertension was defined as systolic BP>=140mmHg and/or diastolic BP>=90mmHg, and/or if the subjects were under anti-hypertensive therapy. Validated questionnaires were used to assess usual PA and dietary intake during the previous year. Poisson regression was used to calculate the incident rate ratios (IRRs) and respective 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). Results: In our population, the crude incidence rate (95% confidence interval (CI)) per 100 person-years of hypertension was 6.23 (5.26–7.20). After adjustment for several confounders, an inverse, though not significant, association was found across increasing tertiles of leisure-time PA and IRR (95% CI): 1 (reference); 0.77 (0.51–1.16); and 0.74 (0.48–1.11). No significant associations between the DASH score and hypertension incidence were observed. However...

Clinical and haemodynamic evaluation of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension patients scheduled for pulmonary thromboendarterectomy: Is schistosomiasis hypertension an important confounding factor?

TERRA-FILHO, Mario; MELLO, Marcos Figueiredo; LAPA, Mônica Silveira; TEIXEIRA, Ricardo Henrique Oliveira Braga; JATENE, Fábio Biscegli
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.61%
INTRODUCTION: Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension is a disease affecting approximately 4,000 people per year in the United States. The incidence rate in Brazil, however, is unknown. The estimated survival for patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension without treatment is approximately three years. Pulmonary thromboendarterectomy for select patients is a potentially curative procedure when correctly applied. In Brazil, the clinical and hemodynamic profiles of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension patients have yet to be described. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical and hemodynamic characteristics of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension patients scheduled for pulmonary thromboendarterectomy in a referral center for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension treatment in Brazil. METHODS: From December 2006 to November 2009, patients were evaluated and scheduled for pulmonary thromboendarterectomy. The subjects were classified according to gender, age and functional class and were tested for thrombofilia and brain natriuretic peptide levels. RESULTS: Thirty-five consecutive chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension patients were evaluated. Two patients tested positive for schistosomiasis...

Meta-analysis of the association of 4 angiotensinogen polymorphisms with essential hypertension - A role beyond M235T?

PEREIRA, Tiago Veiga; NUNES, Ane C. F.; RUDNICKI, Martina; YAMADA, Yoshiji; PEREIRA, Alexandre Costa; KRIEGER, Jose E.
Fonte: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS Publicador: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.58%
Angiotensinogen (AGT) gene polymorphisms have been linked to increased risk of hypertension, but the data remain controversial. In this study we review the most commonly investigated polymorphisms at the AGT locus (other than M235T) and provide summary estimates regarding their association with essential hypertension, while addressing heterogeneity, as well as publication biases. Data on 26 818 subjects from 46 studies for the 4 most-studied AGT variants (T174M in exon 2 and 3 promoter variants: A-6G, A-20C, and G-217A) were meta-analyzed. Statistically significant associations with hypertension were identified for the T174M ( odds ratio [OR]: 1.19; 95% CI: 1.07 to 1.33; P = 0.002) and G-217A (OR: 1.37; 95% CI: 1.17 to 1.59; P = 0.00006) polymorphisms. A dual but consistent effect was observed for the -20C allele, which was associated with a decreased risk of hypertension in populations of mixed and European ancestries (OR: 0.64; 95% CI: 0.44 to 0.92; P = 0.02 and OR: 0.77; 95% CI: 0.65 to 0.91; P = 0.003, respectively), but with a 24% increase in the odds of hypertension in Asian subjects (OR: 1.24; 95% CI: 1.04 to 1.48; P = 0.02). No association of the A-6G variant with hypertension was detected. Current studies support the notion that single variants at the AGT might modulate the risk of hypertension but indicate caution in interpreting these results because of the putative presence of publication bias and gene-environment interactions.

The Effects of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure on Prehypertension and Masked Hypertension in Men With Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea

DRAGER, Luciano F.; PEDROSA, Rodrigo P.; DINIZ, Patricia M.; DIEGUES-SILVA, Luzia; MARCONDES, Bianca; COUTO, Roberta B.; GIORGI, Dante M. A.; KRIEGER, Eduardo M.; LORENZI-FILHO, Geraldo
Fonte: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS Publicador: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.61%
Obstructive sleep apnea and hypertension are common conditions that frequently coexist. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) reduces blood pressure in patients with obstructive sleep apnea and sustained hypertension. However, the impact of CPAP on patients with obstructive sleep apnea and prehypertension and masked hypertension, conditions associated with increased cardiovascular risk, is unknown. Thirty-six male patients (age, 43 +/- 7 years; body mass index, 28.8 +/- 3.0 kg/m(2)) with untreated severe obstructive sleep apnea (apnea-hypopnea index, 56 +/- 22 events/hr on polysomnography) with diagnostic criteria for prehypertension and/or masked hypertension, based on office and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, respectively, were studied. The patients randomized to no treatment (control; n=18) or CPAP (n=18) for 3 months had similar frequency of prehypertension and masked hypertension at study entry. There were no significant changes in blood pressure in patients randomized to the control group. In contrast, patients randomized to CPAP presented significant reduction in office systolic (from 126 +/- 5 to 121 +/- 7 mm Hg; P=0.001) and a trend for diastolic blood pressure (from 75 +/- 7 to 73 +/- 8 mm Hg; P=0.08) as well as a significant decrease in daytime and nighttime systolic and diastolic blood pressure (P < 0.05 for each comparison). There was a significant reduction in the frequency of prehypertension (from 94% to 55%; P=0.02) and masked hypertension (from 39% to 5%; P=0.04) only in the CPAP group. In conclusion...

Variation in Body Composition Determines Long-Term Blood Pressure Changes in Pre-Hypertension The MONICA/KORA (Monitoring Trends and Determinants on Cardiovascular Diseases/Cooperative Research in the Region of Augsburg) Cohort Study

MARKUS, Marcello Ricardo Paulista; STRITZKE, Jan; SIEWERT, Ulrike; LIEB, Wolfgang; LUCHNER, Andreas; DOERING, Angela; KEIL, Ulrich; HENSE, Hans-Werner; SCHUNKERT, Heribert; MONICA KORA Investigators
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.6%
Objectives We studied the relationship between changes in body composition and changes in blood pressure levels. Background The mechanisms underlying the frequently observed progression from pre-hypertension to hypertension are poorly understood. Methods We examined 1,145 subjects from a population-based survey at baseline in 1994/1995 and at follow-up in 2004/2005. First, we studied individuals pre-hypertensive at baseline who, during 10 years of follow-up, either had normalized blood pressure (PreNorm, n = 48), persistently had pre-hypertension (PrePre, n = 134), or showed progression to hypertension (PreHyp, n = 183). In parallel, we studied predictors for changes in blood pressure category in individuals hypertensive at baseline (n = 429). Results After 10 years, the PreHyp group was characterized by a marked increase in body weight (+5.71% [95% confidence interval (CI): 4.60% to 6.83%]) that was largely the result of an increase in fat mass (+17.8% [95% CI: 14.5% to 21.0%]). In the PrePre group, both the increases in body weight (+1.95% [95% CI: 0.68% to 3.22%]) and fat mass (+8.09% [95% CI: 4.42% to 11.7%]) were significantly less pronounced than in the PreHyp group (p < 0.001 for both). The PreNorm group showed no significant change in body weight (-1.55% [95% CI: -3.70% to 0.61%]) and fat mass (+0.20% [95% CI: -6.13% to 6.52%]...

Spironolactone and hydrochlorothiazide exert antioxidant effects and reduce vascular matrix metalloproteinase-2 activity and expression in a model of renovascular hypertension

CERON, C. S.; CASTRO, M. M.; RIZZI, E.; MONTENEGRO, M. F.; FONTANA, V.; SALGADO, M. C. O.; GERLACH, R. F.; TANUS-SANTOS, J. E.
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.6%
Background and purpose: Increased oxidative stress and up-regulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) may cause structural and functional vascular changes in renovascular hypertension. We examined whether treatment with spironolactone (SPRL), hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) or both drugs together modified hypertension-induced changes in arterial blood pressure, aortic remodelling, vascular reactivity, oxidative stress and MMP levels and activity, in a model of renovascular hypertension. Experimental approach: We used the two-kidney,one-clip (2K1C) model of hypertension in Wistar rats. Sham-operated or hypertensive rats were treated with vehicle, SPRL (25 mg center dot kg-1 center dot day-1), HCTZ (20 mg center dot kg-1 center dot day-1) or a combination for 8 weeks. Systolic blood pressure was monitored weekly. Aortic rings were isolated to assess endothelium-dependent and -independent relaxations. Morphometry of the vascular wall was carried out in sections of aorta. Aortic NADPH oxidase activity and superoxide production were evaluated. Formation of reactive oxygen species was measured in plasma as thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances. Aortic MMP-2 levels and activity were determined by gelatin and in situ zymography, fluorimetry and immunohistochemistry. Key results: Treatment with SPRL...

Efeitos da lercanidipina sobre alterações cardiovasculares presentes em modelos de Hipertensão Arterial e Diabetes Mellitus em ratos; Effects of lercanidipine on the cardiovascular alterations in animal models of arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus in mice

Martinez, Márcio Luís Lombardi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/08/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.61%
Hipertensão e Diabetes são dois dos principais fatores de risco para o desenvolvimento de aterosclerose e doença da artéria coronária. Tais enfermidades aumentam o risco cardiovascular a índices muito elevados, e são acompanhadas por uma alteração fisiopatológica comum, que é o remodelamento vascular acelerado, caracterizado pelo desarranjo na regulação da atividade das metaloproteinases (MMPs) associado ao aumento do "stress" oxidativo. Um dos modelos mais semelhantes ao quadro de hipertensão renovascular em humanos é o modelo de hipertensão renovascular unilateral (2R-1C), que é produzido pelo clampeamento de uma das artérias renais, e manutenção do rim contra lateral intacto. Por outro lado, a Aloxana tem sido extensivamente utilizada como modelo de indução química dos tipos de diabetes não-insulino dependentes. Este remodelamento vascular acelerado presente na hipertensão bem como na diabetes está associado a ativação de um grupo de endopeptidases zinco-dependentes denominadas metaloproteinases, que têm sido implicadas no remodelamento vascular subjacente à aterosclerose. MMPs têm sido reconhecidas como um grupo de enzimas envolvidas na degradação de componentes da matriz extracelular em processo fisiológicos...

Fatores genéticos associados à hipertensão essencial em populações remanescentes de quilombos do Vale do Ribeira - São Paulo; Genetic risk factors associated with essential hypertension in the quilombo populations from Ribeira River Valley - São Paulo, Brazil

Kimura, Lilian
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/12/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.62%
A hipertensão essencial, um problema de saúde pública mundial, é uma doença multifatorial, cujo componente genético varia entre 25 a 60%. A despeito da alta prevalência e incidência da hipertensão essencial em populações de ancestralidade africana, os estudos sobre o componente genético da hipertensão essencial têm sido primariamente realizados em populações de ancestralidade européia ou asiática. Dessa maneira, o objetivo geral deste trabalho foi investigar e quantificar potenciais fatores de risco genéticos associados à hipertensão essencial em populações dos remanescentes de quilombos do Vale do Ribeira SP, indivíduos afro-descendentes, oriundos de populações parcialmente isoladas, previamente bem caracterizadas do ponto de vista clínico, genealógico e genético-populacional. A amostra foi constituída de 759 indivíduos adultos com estudo clínico e antropométrico oriundos das seguintes populações quilombolas: Abobral, Galvão, São Pedro, Pedro Cubas, André Lopes, Nhunguara, Sapatu, Pilões, Ivaporunduva, Maria Rosa, Poça e Reginaldo, localizadas no Vale do Ribeira, no estado de São Paulo. Estimativas de ancestralidade (baseadas em 48 marcadores INDEL autossômicos) sugerem que a contribuição africana...

Padrões da dieta e hipertensão em adultos e idosos de São Paulo; Dietary patterns and hypertension among adults and elderly of São Paulo

Selem, Soraya Sant'Ana de Castro
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: dissertação de mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/05/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.61%
Introdução: A hipertensão, doença cardiovascular de alta prevalência, tem influência relevante na morbi-mortalidade da população, e a dieta é um de seus principais fatores de risco modificáveis. Objetivos: Verificar a validade da hipertensão auto-referida e a associação entre os padrões da dieta e a hipertensão auto-referida em residentes do município de São Paulo. Métodos: Foram utilizados dados do estudo transversal de base populacional ISA - Capital 2008, referentes à amostra probabilística de residentes do município de São Paulo com 20 anos ou mais, de ambos os sexos. A coleta de dados ocorreu em 2008 e 2010, por meio de duas visitas domiciliares e inquérito telefônico. Foram coletados dados socioeconômicos, antropométricos, de estilo de vida, inquérito alimentar, e a pressão arterial foi aferida. A validade da hipertensão auto-referida foi verificada pela sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo (VPP), valor preditivo negativo (VPN) e coeficiente kappa. Estimou-se o consumo alimentar por dois recordatórios de 24 horas, ajustando-se a variabilidade pelo Multiple Source Method. Os padrões da dieta foram obtidos pela análise fatorial por componentes principais. A regressão de Poisson foi utilizada para verificar as associações. Resultados: A sensibilidade da hipertensão auto-referida foi 71...

Tratamento crônico com nebivolol atenua o remodelamento vascular hipertrófico da hipertensão renovascular 2-rins, 1-clipe; Chronic treatment with nebivolol attenuates large arteries hypertrophy in renovascular hypertension 2-kidneys 1-clip.

Ceron, Carla Speroni
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/11/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.61%
A hipertensão arterial é uma condição clínica grave acompanhada por alterações estruturais do aparelho cardiovascular. Os antagonistas dos receptores 1-adrenérgicos são drogas usadas na terapêutica anti-hipertensiva. O nebivolol é um antagonista seletivo dos receptores 1 de terceira geração, que estimula a liberação endotelial de NO e diminui a ativação da -nicotinamida adenosina dinucleotído fosfato (NAD(P)H) oxidase. O metoprolol é um antagonista seletivo dos receptores 1de segunda geração, que não apresenta efeitos vasodilatadores. As metaloproteinases da matriz (MMPs), principalmente a MMP-2, são enzimas que participam ativamente do processo de remodelamento vascular. Elas passam de seu estado latente para seu estado ativo pela ação de proteases e espécies reativas de oxigênio (EROs). Como na hipertensão há aumento de EROs, de MMPs e remodelamento vascular, é possível que o nebivolol impeça o aumento dos níveis de MMPs vasculares e o remodelamento vascular hipertrófico associados à hipertensão, além do seu efeito de antagonismo do receptor 1. Primeiro, realizamos uma avaliação das alterações aórticas da hipertensão 2-rins,1-clipe (2R-1C), pois há poucas informações sobre essas alterações durante o desenvolvimento da hipertensão. Para isso...

Prevalência de hipertensão resistente em adultos não idosos : estudo prospectivo em contexto ambulatorial; Prevalence of resistant hypertension in non-elderly adults: prospective study in a clinical setting

Massierer, Daniela; Oliveira, Ana Claudia Tonelli de; Steinhorst, Ana Maria Pasquali; Gus, Miguel; Ascoli, Aline Maria; Gonçalves, Sandro Cadaval; Moreira, Leila Beltrami; Correa Junior, Vicente; Nunes, Gerson Luis da Silva; Fuchs, Sandra Cristina Pereir
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.64%
Fundamento: Em face do emprego de diferentes definições e critérios de amostragem, a real prevalência de hipertensão resistente em ambiente clínico é desconhecida. Objetivo: Investigar a prevalência de real hipertensão resistente em uma clínica de hipertensão arterial. Métodos: Hipertensão resistente verdadeira foi diagnosticada quando fenômeno do jaleco branco, insuficiente adesão ao tratamento e hipertensão secundária foram excluídos em pacientes com Pressão Arterial (PA) ? 140/90 mmHg em duas visitas consecutivas, usando três de fármacos anti-hipertensivos, incluindo um diurético. Resultados: No total, 606 pacientes, com 35 a 65 anos de idade, a maioria mulheres, com PA de 156,8 ± 23,8 mmHg por 91,9 ± 15,6 mmHg e IMC de 29,7 ± 5,9 Kg/m2 foram sequencialmente avaliados. Cento e seis pacientes em uso de três agentes anti-hipertensivos estavam com pressão arterial não controlada (17,5% da amostra total) na primeira visita. Oitenta e seis pacientes (81% dos pacientes com PA não controlada na primeira avaliação) retornaram para a avaliação de confirmação: 25 estavam com PA controlada; 21 tinham evidência de baixa adesão ao tratamento; 13 tinham fenômeno do jaleco branco; e 9 tinham hipertensão secundária...

Prevention of hypertension in patients with pre-hypertension: Protocol for the PREVER-prevention trial

Fuchs, Flávio D.; Fuchs, Sandra C.; Moreira, Leila B.; Gus, Miguel; Nóbrega, Antônio C.; Poli-de-Figueiredo, Carlos E.; Mion, Décio; Bortoloto, Luiz; Consolim-Colombo, Fernanda; Nobre, Fernando; Coelho, Eduardo B.; Vilela-Martin, José F.; Moreno Jr,
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.62%
Background: Blood pressure (BP) within pre-hypertensive levels confers higher cardiovascular risk and is an intermediate stage for full hypertension, which develops in an annual rate of 7 out of 100 individuals with 40 to 50 years of age. Non-drug interventions to prevent hypertension have had low effectiveness. In individuals with previous cardiovascular disease or diabetes, the use of BP-lowering agents reduces the incidence of major cardiovascular events. In the absence of higher baseline risk, the use of BP agents reduces the incidence of hypertension. The PREVER-prevention trial aims to investigate the efficacy, safety and feasibility of a population-based intervention to prevent the incidence of hypertension and the development of target-organ damage.Methods: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, with participants aged 30 to 70 years, with pre-hypertension. The trial arms will be chlorthalidone 12.5 mg plus amiloride 2.5 mg or identical placebo. The primary outcomes will be the incidence of hypertension, adverse events and development or worsening of microalbuminuria and of left ventricular hypertrophy in the EKG. The secondary outcomes will be fatal or non-fatal cardiovascular events: myocardial infarction...

Exaggerated blood pressure response during the exercise treadmill test as a risk factor for hypertension

Lima,S.G.; Albuquerque,M.F.P.M.; Oliveira,J.R.M.; Ayres,C.F.J.; Cunha,J.E.G.; Oliveira,D.F.; Lemos,R.R.; Souza,M.B.R.; Silva,O. Barbosa e
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.63%
Exaggerated blood pressure response (EBPR) during the exercise treadmill test (ETT) has been considered to be a risk factor for hypertension. The relationship of polymorphisms of the renin-angiotensin system gene with hypertension has not been established. Our objective was to evaluate whether EBPR during exercise is a clinical marker for hypertension. The study concerned a historical cohort of normotensive individuals. The exposed individuals were those who presented EBPR. At the end of the observation period (41.7 months = 3.5 years), the development of hypertension was analyzed within the two groups. Genetic polymorphisms and blood pressure behavior were assessed as independent variables, together with the classical risk factors for hypertension. The I/D gene polymorphism of the angiotensin-converting enzyme and M235T of angiotensinogen were ruled out as risk factors for hypertension. EBPR during ETT is not an independent influence on the chances of developing hypertension. No differences were observed between the hypertensive and normotensive individuals regarding gender (P = 0.655), skin color (P = 0.636), family history of hypertension (P = 0.225), diabetes mellitus (P = 0.285), or hypertriglyceridemia (P = 0.734). The risk of developing hypertension increased with increasing body mass index (BMI) and advancing age. The risk factors...

Exaggerated blood pressure response during the exercise treadmill test as a risk factor for hypertension

Lima,S.G.; Albuquerque,M.F.P.M.; Oliveira,J.R.M.; Ayres,C.F.J.; Cunha,J.E.G.; Oliveira,D.F.; Lemos,R.R.; Souza,M.B.R.; Silva,O. Barbosa e
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.63%
Exaggerated blood pressure response (EBPR) during the exercise treadmill test (ETT) has been considered to be a risk factor for hypertension. The relationship of polymorphisms of the renin-angiotensin system gene with hypertension has not been established. Our objective was to evaluate whether EBPR during exercise is a clinical marker for hypertension. The study concerned a historical cohort of normotensive individuals. The exposed individuals were those who presented EBPR. At the end of the observation period (41.7 months = 3.5 years), the development of hypertension was analyzed within the two groups. Genetic polymorphisms and blood pressure behavior were assessed as independent variables, together with the classical risk factors for hypertension. The I/D gene polymorphism of the angiotensin-converting enzyme and M235T of angiotensinogen were ruled out as risk factors for hypertension. EBPR during ETT is not an independent influence on the chances of developing hypertension. No differences were observed between the hypertensive and normotensive individuals regarding gender (P = 0.655), skin color (P = 0.636), family history of hypertension (P = 0.225), diabetes mellitus (P = 0.285), or hypertriglyceridemia (P = 0.734). The risk of developing hypertension increased with increasing body mass index (BMI) and advancing age. The risk factors...

Clinical and haemodynamic evaluation of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension patients scheduled for pulmonary thromboendarterectomy: Is schistosomiasis hypertension an important confounding factor?

Terra-Filho,Mario; Mello,Marcos Figueiredo; Lapa,Mônica Silveira; Teixeira,Ricardo Henrique Oliveira Braga; Jatene,Fábio Biscegli
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.61%
INTRODUCTION: Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension is a disease affecting approximately 4,000 people per year in the United States. The incidence rate in Brazil, however, is unknown. The estimated survival for patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension without treatment is approximately three years. Pulmonary thromboendarterectomy for select patients is a potentially curative procedure when correctly applied. In Brazil, the clinical and hemodynamic profiles of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension patients have yet to be described. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical and hemodynamic characteristics of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension patients scheduled for pulmonary thromboendarterectomy in a referral center for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension treatment in Brazil. METHODS: From December 2006 to November 2009, patients were evaluated and scheduled for pulmonary thromboendarterectomy. The subjects were classified according to gender, age and functional class and were tested for thrombofilia and brain natriuretic peptide levels. RESULTS: Thirty-five consecutive chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension patients were evaluated. Two patients tested positive for schistosomiasis...

Worldwide epidemic of hypertension

Chockalingam, Arun; Campbell, Norman R; Fodor, J George
Fonte: Pulsus Group Inc Publicador: Pulsus Group Inc
Tipo: text
Publicado em /05/2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.6%
The World Health Report 2002 identified hypertension, or high blood pressure, as the third ranked factor for disability-adjusted life years. Hypertension is one of the primary risk factors for heart disease and stroke, the leading causes of death worldwide. Recent analyses have shown that as of the year 2000, there were 972 million people living with hypertension worldwide, and it is estimated that this number will escalate to more than 1.56 billion by the year 2025. Nearly two-thirds of hypertensives live in low- and middle-income countries, resulting in a huge economic burden. Awareness, prevention, treatment and control of hypertension is a significant public health measure. The World Hypertension League, through its national member societies, launched World Hypertension Day in 2005 and, due to its success throughout the world, it has been made an annual event. The 2006 World Hypertension Day was held on May 13; the theme of the day was ‘Treat to Goal’, with a clear intent to ensure patient adherence and control of hypertension worldwide. In Canada, all stakeholders –professional societies, government, nongovernment organizations and industry – are working together to promote awareness of hypertension and to control it.

Public education on hypertension: A new initiative to improve the prevention, treatment and control of hypertension in Canada

Campbell, Norman R; Petrella, Robert; Kaczorowski, Janusz
Fonte: Pulsus Group Inc Publicador: Pulsus Group Inc
Tipo: text
Publicado em /05/2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.66%
High blood pressure is one of the leading risk factors for death. Nevertheless, there is a lack of awareness of hypertension as a risk factor, as well as significant misconceptions about hypertension in the Canadian population. Furthermore, according to the Canadian Heart Health Surveys (1985 to 1992), 42% of hypertensive adult Canadians are unaware of their hypertensive status. A collaboration between Blood Pressure Canada, the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, the Canadian Hypertension Society and the Canadian Hypertension Education Program has been formed to improve public and patient awareness and knowledge of hypertension. The effort will involve the translation of Canadian Hypertension Education Program recommendations for the prevention and management of hypertension to a public level with a broad and evolving dissemination strategy; the training of health professionals to speak to the public and patients on hypertension, coupled with opportunities to speak in forums organized in their local communities; and, media releases and information on hypertension in association with World Hypertension Day and the release of the annually updated public recommendations. Based on higher rates of awareness of hypertension in countries with sustained public education programs on hypertension...

The 2008 Canadian Hypertension Education Program recommendations: The scientific summary – an annual update

Fonte: Pulsus Group Inc Publicador: Pulsus Group Inc
Tipo: text
Publicado em /06/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.61%
The present paper summarizes and highlights key messages of the 2008 Canadian Hypertension Education Program recommendations for the diagnosis and management of hypertension. The 2008 recommendations emphasize proper self-measurement of blood pressure as a step toward greater patient involvement in hypertension management. Home measurement is a better predictor of cardiovascular events than office measures; it can also confirm the diagnosis of hypertension, improve blood pressure control, reduce the need for medications in some patients, screen for white coat and masked hypertension, and improve medication adherence in nonadherent patients. The recommendations continue to emphasize the importance of reducing dietary sodium and implementing other lifestyle changes to prevent and control hypertension. Furthermore, regular assessment of blood pressure at all appropriate visits and identification and management of all cardiovascular risk factures continue to be the cornerstone of the Canadian Hypertension Education Program. Most of the new evidence in 2008 confirmed previous Canadian Hypertension Education Program recommendations. A notable new recommendation is the option to initiate pharmacotherapy with two first therapies if blood pressure is higher than 20/10 mmHg above target. Recently...

Hypothalamic Signaling Mechanisms in Hypertension

Carmichael, Casey Y.; Wainford, Richard D.
Fonte: Springer US Publicador: Springer US
Tipo: text
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.61%
The etiology of hypertension, a critical public health issue affecting one in three US adults, involves the integration of the actions of multiple organ systems, including the central nervous system. Increased activation of the central nervous system, driving enhanced sympathetic outflow and increased blood pressure, has emerged as a major contributor to the pathogenesis of hypertension. The hypothalamus is a key brain site acting to integrate central and peripheral inputs to ultimately impact blood pressure in multiple disease states that evoke hypertension. This review highlights recent advances that have identified novel signal transduction mechanisms within multiple hypothalamic nuclei (e.g., paraventricular nucleus, arcuate nucleus) acting to drive the pathophysiology of hypertension in neurogenic hypertension, angiotensin II hypertension, salt-sensitive hypertension, chronic intermittent hypoxia, and obesity-induced hypertension. Increased understanding of hypothalamic activity in hypertension has the potential to identify novel targets for future therapeutic interventions designed to treat hypertension.

The Association between Hypertension and Depression and Anxiety Disorders: Results from a Nationally-Representative Sample of South African Adults

Grimsrud, Anna; Seedat, Soraya; Myer, Landon; Miranda, J. Jaime; Stein, Dan J.; Williams, David
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.61%
Objective Growing evidence suggests high levels of comorbidity between hypertension and mental illness but there are few data from low- and middle-income countries. We examined the association between hypertension and depression and anxiety in South Africa.Methods Data come from a nationally-representative survey of adults (n?=?4351). The Composite International Diagnostic Interview was used to measure DSM-IV mental disorders during the previous 12-months. The relationships between self-reported hypertension and anxiety disorders, depressive disorders and comorbid anxiety-depression were assessed after adjustment for participant characteristics including experience of trauma and other chronic physical conditions.Results Overall 16.7% reported a previous medical diagnosis of hypertension, and 8.1% and 4.9% were found to have a 12-month anxiety or depressive disorder, respectively. In adjusted analyses, hypertension diagnosis was associated with 12-month anxiety disorders [Odds ratio (OR)?=?1.55, 95% Confidence interval (CI)?=?1.10–2.18] but not 12-month depressive disorders or 12-month comorbid anxiety-depression. Hypertension in the absence of other chronic physical conditions was not associated with any of the 12-month mental health outcomes (p-values all <0.05)...