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Marginal grafts increase early mortality in liver transplantation; Enxertos marginais aumentam a mortalidade precoce no transplante de fígado

BACCHELLA, Telesforo; GALVÃO, Flávio Henrique Ferreira; ALMEIDA, José Luiz Jesus de; FIGUEIRA, Estela Regina; MORAES, Andreza de; MACHADO, Marcel Cerqueira César
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.33%
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Expanded donor criteria (marginal) grafts are an important solution for organ shortage. Nevertheless, they raise an ethical dilemma because they may increase the risk of transplant failure. This study compares the outcomes from marginal and non-marginal graft transplantation in 103 cases of liver transplantation due to chronic hepatic failure. DESIGN AND SETTING: One hundred and three consecutive liver transplantations to treat chronic liver disease performed in the Liver Transplantation Service of Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo between January 2001 and March 2006 were retrospectively analyzed. METHODS: We estimated graft quality according to a validated scoring system. We assessed the pre-transplantation liver disease category using the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD), as low MELD (< 20) or high MELD (> 20). The parameters for marginal and non-marginal graft comparison were the one-week, one-month and one-year recipient survival rates, serum liver enzyme peak, post-transplantation hospital stay and incidence of surgical complications and retransplantation. The significance level was 0.05. RESULTS: There were no differences between the groups regarding post-transplantation hospital stay...

Liver transplantation and quality of life: relevance of a specific liver disease questionnaire

GOTARDO, Daniela R. M.; STRAUSS, Edna; TEIXEIRA, Maria-Cristina D.; MACHADO, Marcel C. C.
Fonte: BLACKWELL PUBLISHING Publicador: BLACKWELL PUBLISHING
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.33%
Aim: A positive effect of liver transplantation on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has been well documented in previous studies using generic instruments. Our aim was to re-evaluate different aspects of HRQOL before and after liver transplantation with a relatively new questionnaire the `liver disease quality of life` (LDQOL). Methods: The LDQOL and the Short Form 36 (SF-36) questionnaires were applied to ambulatory patients, either in the transplant list (n=65) or after 6 months to 5 years of liver transplant (n=61). The aetiology of cirrhosis, comorbidities, model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) Child-Pugh scores and recurrence of liver disease after liver transplantation were analysed using the Mann-Whitney and Kruskall-Wallis tests. Results: In patients awaiting liver transplantation, MELD scores >= 15 and Child-Pugh class C showed statistically significant worse HRQOL, using both the SF-36 and the LDQOL questionnaires. HRQOL in pretransplant patients was found to be significantly worse in those with cirrhosis owing to hepatitis C (n=30) when compared with other aetiologies (n=35) in 2/7 domains of the SF-36 and in 7/12 domains of the LDQOL. Significant deterioration of HRQOL after recurrence of hepatitis C post-transplant was detected with the LDQOL questionnaire although not demonstrated with the SF-36. The statistically significant differences were in the LDQOL domains: symptoms of liver disease...

Two-stage laparoscopic liver resection for bilateral colorectal liver metastasis

MACHADO, M. A.; MAKDISSI, F. F.; SURJAN, R. C.; KAPPAZ, G. T.; YAMAGUCHI, N.
Fonte: SPRINGER Publicador: SPRINGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.37%
Hepatectomy may prolong the survival of colorectal cancer patients with liver metastases. Two-stage liver surgery is a valid option for the treatment of bilobar colorectal liver metastasis. This video demonstrates technical aspects of a two-stage pure laparoscopic hepatectomy for bilateral liver metastasis. To the authors` knowledge, this is the first description of a two-stage laparoscopic liver resection in the English literature. A 54-year-old man with right colon cancer and synchronous bilobar colorectal liver metastasis underwent laparoscopic right colon resection followed by oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy. The patient then was referred for surgical treatment of liver metastasis. Liver volumetry showed a small left liver remnant. Surgical planning was for a totally laparoscopic two-stage liver resection. The first stage involved laparoscopic resection of segment 3 and ligature of the right portal vein. The postoperative pathology showed high-grade liver steatosis. After 4 weeks, the left liver had regenerated, and volumetry of left liver was 43%. The second stage involved laparoscopic right hepatectomy using the intrahepatic Glissonian approach. Intrahepatic access to the main right Glissonian pedicle was achieved with two small incisions...

Surgical treatment of hepatic tumors in children: lessons learned from liver transplantation

TANNURI, Ana Cristina Aoun; TANNURI, Uenis; GIBELLI, Nelson Elias Mendes; ROMAO, Rodrigo Luiz Pinto
Fonte: W B SAUNDERS CO-ELSEVIER INC Publicador: W B SAUNDERS CO-ELSEVIER INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.33%
Purpose: Hepatectomy remains a complex operation even in experienced hands. The objective of the present study was to describe our experience in liver resections, in the light of liver transplantation, emphasizing the indications for surgery, surgical techniques, complications, and results. Methods: The medical records of 53 children who underwent liver resection for primary or metastatic hepatic tumors were reviewed. Ultrasonography, computed tomographic (CT) scan, and needle biopsy were the initial methods used to diagnose malignant tumors. After neoadjuvant chemotherapy, tumor resectability was evaluated by another CT scan. Surgery was performed by surgeons competent in liver transplantation. As in liver living donor operation, vascular anomalies were investigated. The main arterial anomalies found were the right hepatic artery emerging from the superior mesenteric artery and left hepatic artery from left gastric artery. Hilar structures were dissected very close to liver parenchyma. The hepatic artery and portal vein were dissected and ligated near their entrance to the liver parenchyma to avoid damaging the hilar vessels of the other lobe. During dissection of the suprahepatic veins, the venous infusion was decreased to reduce central venous pressure and potential bleeding from hepatic veins and the vena cava. Results: Fifty-three children with hepatic tumors underwent surgical treatment...

One-stage laparoscopic bisegmentectomy 7-8 and bisegmentectomy 2-3 for bilateral colorectal liver metastases

MACHADO, Marcel Autran C.; ALMEIDA, F. A.; MAKDISSI, F. F.; SURJAN, R. C.; CUNHA-FILHO, G. A.
Fonte: SPRINGER Publicador: SPRINGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.33%
Bisegmentectomy 7-8 is feasible even in the absence of a large inferior right hepatic vein. To our knowledge, this operation has never been performed by laparoscopy. This study was designed to present video of pure laparoscopic bisegmentectomy 7-8 and bisegmentectomy 2-3 in one-stage operation for bilateral liver metastasis. A 67-year-old man with metachronous bilobar colorectal liver metastasis was referred for surgical treatment after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. CT scan disclosed two liver metastases: one located between segments 7 and 8 and another one in segment 2. At liver examination, another metastasis was found on segment 3. We decided to perform a bisegmentectomy 7-8 along with bisegmentectomy 2-3 in a single procedure. The operation began with mobilization of the right liver with complete dissection of retrohepatic vena cava. Inferior right hepatic vein was absent. Right hepatic vein was dissected and encircled. Upper part of right liver, containing segment 7 and 8, was marked with cautery. Selective hemi-Pringle maneuver was performed and right hepatic vein was divided with stapler. At this point, liver rotation to the left allowed direct view and access to the superior aspect of the right liver. Liver transection was accomplished with harmonic scalpel and endoscopic stapling device. Bisegmentectomy 2-3 was performed using the intrahepatic Glissonian approach. The specimens were extracted through a suprapubic incision. Liver raw surfaces were reviewed for bleeding and bile leaks. Operative time was 240 minutes with no need for transfusion. Recovery was uneventful. Patient was discharged on the fifth postoperative day. Patient is well with no evidence of disease 14 months after liver resection. Tumor markers are within normal range. Bisegmentectomy 7-8 may increase resectability rate in patients with bilateral lesions. This operation can be performed safely by laparoscopy. Preservation of segments 5 and 6 permitted simultaneous resection of segments 2 and 3 with adequate liver remnant.

Efeitos da cirurgia de Fobi-Capella na doença hepática gordurosa não alcoólica (DHGNA): estudo prospectivo de dois anos; Effects of bariatric surgery (Fobi-Capella) in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD): prospective study of 2 years

Furuya Júnior, Carlos Kiyoshi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: dissertação de mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/09/2006 Português
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36.34%
Introdução: A incidência de obesidade é crescente e alarmante, principalmente no mundo ocidental. De acordo com o National Center for Health Statistics, cerca de 61% da população adulta nos Estados Unidos está acima do peso e 30% é obesa, sendo que 5 a 6% está classificada na faixa de obesidade Grau III. No Brasil, o Ministério da Saúde aponta que 32,9% dos brasileiros estão fora da faixa de peso ideal, e 4,8% dos homens e 11,7% das mulheres encaixam-se na faixa de obesidade Grau III. Devido a alta prevalência da Doença Hepática Gordurosa Não Alcoólica (DHGNA) em pacientes portadores de obesidade grave e os escassos conhecimentos acerca de sua evolução para doença crônica do fígado após cirurgias bariátricas, foram objetivos deste estudo avaliar os efeitos da cirurgia gastrorredutora com derivação intestinal em Y de Roux Cirurgia de Fobi-Capella) sobre DHGNA após 24 meses. Métodos: Dentre 40 pacientes com IMC > 40 kg/m2 submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica (cirurgia de Fobi-Capella) no período de 2001 a 2003, 18 pacientes foram seguidos por aproximadamente 24 meses (700 ± 42 dias) e incluídos no estudo, realizando-se exames laboratoriais, tais como enzimas hepáticas, perfil lipídico e glicêmico; e a biopsia hepática no perioperatório e 24 meses após a cirurgia. O diagnóstico histológico de DHGNA e Esteatohepatite Não Alcoólica (ENA) foi determinado segundo a classificação padronizada por meio da revisão pelo Pathology Committee of the NASH Clinical Research Network Americano...

Qualidade de vida e transplante hepático: avaliação comparativa em diferentes fases pré e pós cirurgia; Quality of life and liver transplantation: evaluation in different stages before and after surgery

Gotardo, Daniela Rosa Magalhães
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/05/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.33%
O transplante de fígado é definido como a terapêutica de escolha para as doenças hepáticas em estágio terminal. Por muitos anos, o sucesso deste procedimento foi mensurado pelas taxas de mortalidade e a freqüência de complicações nas anastomoses biliares e complicações infecciosas. No entanto, mais recentemente um novo foco de preocupação voltou-se para a avaliação da qualidade de vida no grupo de pacientes transplantados. Os benefícios do transplante hepático sobre a qualidade de vida dos pacientes é um evento já demonstrado previamente em alguns estudos que utilizaram questionários genéricos de avaliação de qualidade de vida. A qualidade de vida em saúde também pode ser acessada através de questionários específicos, como o LDQOL (Liver Disease Quality of Life). Este é um instrumento voltado especificamente para sintomas relacionados às doenças hepáticas, desenvolvido nos Estados Unidos e recentemente traduzido para o Português e adaptado culturalmente para à população brasileira. Objetivo Aplicar este novo instrumento na população de pacientes em lista de espera de transplante de fígado e naqueles submetidos a transplante, reavaliando diferentes aspectos da qualidade de vida destes pacientes e avaliando o impacto da recidiva da doença de base após o transplante hepático. Método: Foram aplicados os questionários LDQOL e SF?36 a 126 pacientes em acompanhamento ambulatorial regular no Serviço de Transplante e Cirurgia do Fígado do Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade de São Paulo...

Avaliação do emprego da pentoxifilina na regeneração hepática em ratos submetidos à hepatectomia parcial; Effect of pentoxifylline in liver regeneration in rats submitted to partial hepatectomy

Martino, Rodrigo Bronze de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/04/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.35%
A cirurgia do fígado apresentou extraordinário avanço desde a primeira ressecção planejada realizada por Langenbuch em 1888, e o primeiro transplante de fígado realizado por Starzl em 1963, até atualmente quando extensas ressecções e transplantes de partes do fígado são possíveis. Isso se deve graças, entre outros fatores, ao reconhecimento da grande capacidade regenerativa do fígado. A regeneração hepática tem sido objeto de estudo por quase 100 anos, no entanto, o mecanismo pelo qual o hepatócito é estimulado à replicação não foi completamente elucidado. As citocinas têm papel fundamental no mecanismo de regeneração do fígado, destacando-se entre elas o TNF- e a IL-6. Elas favorecem a indução de outras citocinas e estimulam a regeneração. Elas, no entanto, contribuem também no mecanismo de lesão do hepátocito em situações como a da isquemia e reperfusão. Alguns dados da literatura são conflitantes e mostram respostas diferentes na regeneração hepática provocadas pela inibição do TNF-. A pentoxifilina é um derivado da metilxantina que tem uma potente ação inibidora da síntese de TNF-. O presente estudo visa a avaliar o efeito da administração de pentoxifilina na regeneração hepática em ratos submetidos a ressecção de 70% do parênquima hepático. Os animais foram divididos em 4 grupos: Controle...

O valor da biópsia do fígado na doença hepática gordurosa não alcoólica em pacientes com colelitíase submetidos à colecistectomia laparoscópica; The importance of liver biopsy in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in patients with cholelithiasis submitted to laparoscopic cholecystectomy

Pinto, Monica Madeira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/04/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.35%
A colelitíase é uma doença frequente na população geral. Um dos seus fatores de risco é a diabetes melitus tipo 2, relacionada à anormalidades metabólicas associadas a sobrepeso, obesidade, resistência à insulina, hipertrigliceridemia e hábitos dietéticos. Fatores de risco semelhantes são encontrados na doença hepática gordurosa não alcoólica (DHGNA). A DHGNA engloba um espectro de condições patológicas que pode evoluir da esteatose, para esteato-hepatite (EHNA), fibrose, cirrose e neoplasia hepática. A distinção entre esteatose e EHNA é de grande relevância na prática clínica, em virtude de a primeira ser uma condição benigna e reversível, enquanto que a segunda apresenta potencial evolutivo para cirrose e carcinoma hepatocelular. Somente a biópsia hepática pode classificar e estadiar a DHGNA. A DHGNA e a colelitíase têm similaridade quanto à patogênese e aos fatores de risco, o que nos motivou a realizar este estudo. Os objetivos do trabalho foram: a) Definir a frequência da esteatose hepática e da EHNA em pacientes com colelitíase submetidos à colecistectomia laparoscópica. b) Avaliar as alterações histopatológicas da DHGNA nos pacientes com colelitíase. c) Avaliar a acurácia dos exames de imagem-ultrassonografia abdominal (US) e tomografia computadorizada (TC) no diagnóstico da DHGNA. d) Relacionar aspectos clínicos...

Efeito da hepatectomia parcial associada à administração de fatores nutricionais hepatotróficos sobre a morfologia, função e expressão de genes pró-fibróticos na cirrose hepática em ratos Wistar induzida por tiocetamida; Effects of partial hepatectomy associated with administration of nutritional hepatotrophic factors in morphology, function and expression of pro-fibrotic genes in thioacetamide-induced liver cirrhosis in Wistar rats

Trotta, Mauricio de Rosa
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: dissertação de mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/12/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.35%
O presente trabalho avaliou o papel da solução parenteral de fatores hepatotróficos nutricionais em animais com cirrose submetidos à hepatectomia parcial. Este procedimento é temido nestes animais devido à possibilidade de ocorrência de falência hepática aguda, já que a remoção de um fragmento do fígado reduz ainda mais a capacidade funcional de um órgão já comprometido. Além disso, é conhecido que o fígado cirrótico diminui sua capacidade regenerativa, fato que atrasa a recuperação do animal, bem como também regenera cirroticamente. Esses fatores, aliados, contribuem para uma considerável taxa de mortalidade pós-operatória. Porém, há algumas situações em que estes pacientes precisam ser submetidos a ressecções hepáticas, tais como traumas, infecções e neoplasias. De fato, a presença de hepatocarcinomas representa a maior indicação deste procedimento em fígados cirróticos. Por outro lado, tem-se mostrado que a administração parenteral de solução de fatores hepatotróficos nutricionais (FHN), uma mistura de aminoácidos, vitaminas, sais minerais e hormônios, aumenta consideravelmente a proliferação celular e o tamanho do fígado em animais sadios, com fibrose e com cirrose. Nestes dois últimos...

Elastografia hepática em pacientes com carcinoma hepatocelular em triagem para transplante de fígado; Liver elastography in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma in screening for liver transplantation

Nacif, Lucas Souto
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/12/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.35%
INTRODUÇÃO: A cirrose é a oitava causa de mortalidade no mundo, e sua progressão e estadiamento são de extrema importância nos pacientes com doença terminal do fígado. A presença de cirrose é reconhecida como risco aumentado de carcinoma hepatocelular (CHC) e o seu aparecimento está diretamente relacionado ao grau de fibrose do fígado. Na última década, notou-se o desenvolvimento e aperfeiçoamento dos métodos de predição do grau de fibrose e cirrose, através de métodos não-invasivos, com o objetivo de substituir a biópsia hepática. A população em lista de espera para transplante de fígado apresenta graus diferentes de fibrose hepática, que pode não estar diretamente relacionada ao MELD. Além disso, esses pacientes apresentam CHC no momento da triagem para transplante de fígado. Não existe avaliação desta população por elastografia. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar os pacientes em triagem para transplante de fígado, com e sem carcinoma hepatocelular, pela elastografia hepática com Fibroscan® e ARFI. MÉTODO: Foram estudados 103 pacientes adultos do ambulatório de triagem da Disciplina de Transplante de Órgãos do Aparelho Digestivo HC/FMUSP, no período de outubro de 2012 à dezembro de 2013. A amostragem foi por conveniência e foram avaliados dados clínicos...

Experiência em pacientes com suspeita de hepatopatia crônica e contra-indicação para biópsia hepática percutânea utilizando a agulha de Ross modificada; Transjugular liver biopsy : experience in patients with suspected chronic liver disease and contraindication for percutaneous liver biopsy using modified Ross needle

Maciel, Antonio Carlos; Barros, Sergio Gabriel Silva de; Tarasconi, Dorvaldo Paulo; Severo Junior, Luiz Carlos Velho; Cerski, Carlos Thadeu Schmidt; Ilha, Darcy de Oliveira
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.34%
OBJETIVOS. O trabalho visou introduzir em nosso meio a técnica de biópsia hepática transjugular orientada por métodos radiológicos para a obtenção do diagnóstico histológico em pacientes clínica e laboratorialmente diagnosticados com hepatopatia crônica e com pelo menos uma das contra-indicações à biópsia hepática percutânea: coagulopatia, ascite maciça e anemia crônica acentuada com insuficiência renal crônica ou obesidade mórbida. MÉTODOS. Biópsia hepática aspirativa foi obtida com agulha de Ross modificada, através da punção da veia jugular interna com cateterização da veia hepática direita sob controle fluoroscópico. RESULTADOS. Trinta e nove pacientes foram estudados, obtendo-se tecido hepático em 32 (82%) sendo satisfatório para diagnóstico histológico em 25 (64,1%), com concordância entre o diagnóstico pré e pós-biópsia em 11 (28,2%) e discordância em 14 pacientes (35,9%). O procedimento foi bem tolerado pela maioria dos pacientes; contudo um paciente apresentou sangramento retroperitoneal, necessitando cirurgia imediata para controle da hemorragia. CONCLUSÕES. A biópsia hepática transjugular é um método diagnóstico útil para o estudo histopatológico na suspeita de hepatopatia crônica com contra-indicações a biópsia hepática percutânea. Em nossa série foi obtido diagnóstico histopatológico em 64...

Liver transplantation for acute liver failure: a 5 years experience

Viana,Cyntia Ferreira Gomes; Rocha,Tarciso Daniel Santos; Cavalcante,Fernanda Paula; Valença Jr.,José Telmo; Coelho,Gustavo Rêgo; Garcia,Jose Huygens Parente
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.36%
BACKGROUND: Fulminant hepatic failure carries a high morbidity and mortality. Liver transplantation has markedly improved the prognosis of patients with fulminant hepatic failure. AIM: To evaluate the outcome of 20 patients with acute liver failure and indication for liver transplantation. METHODS: A retrospective review of 20 patients with acute liver failure and indication for liver transplantation was performed. Patients were divided into two groups: group A with 12 patients who underwent liver transplantation and group B with 8 patients who did not receive liver transplantation. Both groups were analyzed according to age, sex, ABO blood type, etiology of acute liver failure, time on list until transplantation or death, and survival rates. Group A patients were additionally analyzed according to preoperative INR, AST, and ALT peak values and MELD (Model for End-stage Liver Disease) scores; intraoperative red blood cells and plasma transfusion and cold ischemia time; postoperative lenght of intensive care unit and hospital stay, and needed for dialysis. RESULTS: Group A: there were four men and eight women with an average age of 24.6 years. The average liver waiting time period was 3.4 days and MELD score 36. Seven patients are alive with good hepatic function at a medium follow-up of 26.2 months. The actuarial survival rate was 65.2% at 1 year. Group B: There were two men and six women with an average age of 30.9 years. The mean waiting time on list until death was 7.4 days. All patients died while waiting for a liver donor. CONCLUSION: Despite the improvements in intensive care management...

Anti-hepatitis C virus treatment may prevent the progression of liver fibrosis in non-responder human immunodeficiency virus/hepatitis C virus coinfected patients

Sagnelli,Caterina; Uberti-Foppa,Caterina; Galli,Laura; Pasquale,Giuseppe; Coppola,Nicola; Albarello,Luca; Doglioni,Carlo; Lazzarin,Adriano; Sagnelli,Evangelista
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.35%
AIM: To evaluate changes in liver histology in patients with human immunodeficiency virus/hepatitis C virus coinfection non-responders to a suboptimal Interferon+Ribavirine regimen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated 49 patients with two sequential liver biopsies: 18 were non-responders to Interferon+Ribavirine treatment (Group hepatitis C virus Rx) administered after the 1st liver biopsy who underwent a 2nd liver biopsy after a median period of 3.92 year and 31 were patients who remained untreated for hepatitis C virus disease (Group hepatitis C virus untreated) after the 1st liver biopsy because of refusal and underwent a 2nd liver biopsy after a median period of 5.05-years. Most patients in both groups were under highly active antiretroviral therapy. At the time of 1st liver biopsy similar degrees of necro-inflammation, fibrosis and steatosis were observed in both groups. Changes in liver lesions between 1st and 2nd liver biopsys were adjusted for different intervals between liver biopsys by a mathematic formula. RESULTS: Liver fibrosis did not change in 88.9% of patients in Group hepatitis C virus Rx and in 77.4% in Group hepatitis C virus untreated. A marked deterioration in liver fibrosis was observed in 5 (16%) patients in Group hepatitis C virus untreated and in none in Group hepatitis C virus treated. Necro-inflammation and steatosis remained substantially unchanged in both groups. CONCLUSION: Liver histology remained substantially unchanged in human immunodeficiency virus/hepatitis C virus patients non-responder to anti-hepatitis C virus therapy over 4 years observation...

Liver transplantation: history, outcomes and perspectives

Meirelles Júnior,Roberto Ferreira; Salvalaggio,Paolo; Rezende,Marcelo Bruno de; Evangelista,Andréia Silva; Guardia,Bianca Della; Matielo,Celso Eduardo Lourenço; Neves,Douglas Bastos; Pandullo,Fernando Luis; Felga,Guilherme Eduardo Gonçalves; Alves,Jef
Fonte: Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein Publicador: Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.35%
In 1958 Francis Moore described the orthotopic liver transplantation technique in dogs. In 1963, Starzl et al. performed the first liver transplantation. In the first five liver transplantations no patient survived more than 23 days. In 1967, stimulated by Calne who used antilymphocytic serum, Starzl began a successful series of liver transplantation. Until 1977, 200 liver transplantations were performed in the world. In that period, technical problems were overcome. Roy Calne, in 1979, used the first time cyclosporine in two patients who had undergone liver transplantation. In 1989, Starzl et al. reported a series of 1,179 consecutives patients who underwent liver transplantation and reported a survival rate between one and five years of 73% and 64%, respectively. Finally, in 1990, Starzl et al. reported successful use of tacrolimus in patents undergoing liver transplantation and who had rejection despite receiving conventional immunosuppressive treatment. Liver Transplantation Program was initiated at Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein in 1990 and so far over 1,400 transplants have been done. In 2013, 102 deceased donors liver transplantations were performed. The main indications for transplantation were hepatocellular carcinoma (38%)...

Markers of autoimmune liver diseases in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis

Demirdal,Umit Secil; Ciftci,Ihsan Hakk?; Kavuncu,Vural
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 Português
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36.35%
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis is a common complication of chronic liver diseases. However, there is limited information about autoimmune liver diseases as a factor of secondary osteoporosis. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the autoantibodies of autoimmune liver diseases in patients with osteoporosis. METHODS: One hundred fifty female patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis were included. Bone mineral density was measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. We analysized autoantibodies including antinuclear antibodies, liver membrane antibodies, anti-liver/kidney microsomal autoantibodies1, liver-specific protein, antismooth muscle antibodies, and anti-mitochondrial antibodies by indirect immunofluorescence. Serum was assayed for the levels of aminotransferases. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 63,13±8,6 years. The mean values of L1-L4 T-scores and femur total T-scores were -3,08±0,58 and -1,53±0,81, respectively. Among the 150 patients with osteoporosis, 14 (9.3%) were antinuclear antibodies, four (2.7%) were liver membrane antibodies, three (2.0%) were anti-liver/kidney microsomal autoantibodies1, and two (1.3%) were liver-specific protein positive. None of the patients had anti-mitochondrial antibodies or smooth muscle antibodies positivity. The mean values of levels of aminotransferases were within normal range. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of liver membrane antibodies...

The natural history of histologically proved drug induced liver disease

Aithal, P; Day, C
Tipo: text
Publicado em /05/1999 Português
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BACKGROUND—The long term outcome of drug related liver disease is unknown. ?AIMS—To study the natural history of histologically proved drug induced hepatotoxicity. ?METHODS—110 patients with liver biopsies coded either as drug induced liver disease or hepatitis/cholestasis of unknown aetiology were identified from hospital records 1978-1996. Review of case notes and histology identified 44 patients with definite drug induced hepatotoxicity. Forty surviving patients were invited to attend a follow up clinic. History, examination, full liver screen, and isotope and ultrasound liver scans were repeated in all patients. Repeat liver biopsies were offered to patients with abnormal liver tests. ?RESULTS—Presentation at index biopsy was jaundice in 24 patients, abnormal liver tests in 17, and hepatic failure in three. Antibiotics (n=13) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (n=11) were the most common drugs implicated. Initial histology showed acute hepatitis in six, chronic hepatitis in 20, and cholestasis in 18. At 1-19 years (median 5 years) follow up, 13/33 (39%) patients had persistent significant abnormalities in their liver blood tests and/or scans. Three of the five repeat liver biopsies performed showed significant abnormalities. Factors predicting persistence or development of chronic liver disease were fibrosis and continued exposure to the drug. ?CONCLUSIONS—Drugs should be considered in the differential diagnosis of abnormal liver function and/or histology...

Yes-associated protein is involved in proliferation and differentiation during postnatal liver development

Septer, Seth; Edwards, Genea; Gunewardena, Sumedha; Wolfe, Andy; Li, Hua; Daniel, James; Apte, Udayan
Fonte: American Physiological Society Publicador: American Physiological Society
Tipo: text
Português
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It is known that the liver undergoes size increase and differentiation simultaneously during the postnatal period. Cells in the liver undergo a period of well-controlled proliferation to achieve the adult liver-to-body weight ratio. The postnatal liver growth is also accompanied by simultaneous hepatic differentiation. However, the mechanisms of liver size regulation and differentiation are not completely clear. Herein we report that yes-associated protein (Yap), the downstream effector of the Hippo Kinase signaling pathway, plays a role in liver size regulation and differentiation during the postnatal liver growth period. Postnatal liver growth was studied in C57BL/6 mice over a time course of postnatal days (PND) 0-30. Analysis of nuclear Yap by Western blot indicated peak Yap activation between PND15–20, which coincided with increased cyclin D1 expression and liver cell proliferation. Analysis of postnatal liver development in Yap+/? mice revealed a significant decrease in the liver-to-body weight ratio compared with Yap+/+ mice at PND15 and -30. Yap+/? mice exhibited a significant decrease in postnatal liver cell proliferation, but no change in apoptosis was observed. Furthermore, global gene expression analysis of Yap+/? livers revealed a role of Yap in regulation of genes involved in bile acid metabolism...

Chemotherapy induced liver abnormalities: an imaging perspective

Sharma, Ankush; Houshyar, Roozbeh; Bhosale, Priya; Choi, Joon-Il; Gulati, Rajesh; Lall, Chandana
Fonte: The Korean Association for the Study of the Liver Publicador: The Korean Association for the Study of the Liver
Tipo: text
Português
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46.29%
Treating patients undergoing chemotherapy who display findings of liver toxicity, requires a solid understanding of these medications. It is important for any clinician to have an index of suspicion for liver toxicity and be able to recognize it, even on imaging. Cancer chemotherapy has evolved, and newer medications that target cell biology have a different pattern of liver toxicity and may differ from the more traditional cytotoxic agents. There are several hepatic conditions that can result and keen clinical as well as radiographic recognition are paramount. Conditions such as sinusoidal obstructive syndrome, steatosis, and pseudocirrhosis are more commonly associated with chemotherapy. These conditions can display clinical signs of acute hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, and even liver failure. It is important to anticipate and recognize these adverse reactions and thus appropriate clinical action can be taken. Often times, patients with these liver manifestations can be managed with supportive therapies, and liver toxicity may resolve after discontinuation of chemotherapy.

Clinical implications of advances in liver regeneration

Kwon, Yong Jin; Lee, Kyeong Geun; Choi, Dongho
Fonte: The Korean Association for the Study of the Liver Publicador: The Korean Association for the Study of the Liver
Tipo: text
Português
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Remarkable advances have been made recently in the area of liver regeneration. Even though liver regeneration after liver resection has been widely researched, new clinical applications have provided a better understanding of the process. Hepatic damage induces a process of regeneration that rarely occurs in normal undamaged liver. Many studies have concentrated on the mechanism of hepatocyte regeneration following liver damage. High mortality is usual in patients with terminal liver failure. Patients die when the regenerative process is unable to balance loss due to liver damage. During disease progression, cellular adaptations take place and the organ microenvironment changes. Portal vein embolization and the associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy are relatively recent techniques exploiting the remarkable progress in understanding liver regeneration. Living donor liver transplantation is one of the most significant clinical outcomes of research on liver regeneration. Another major clinical field involving liver regeneration is cell therapy using adult stem cells. The aim of this article is to provide an outline of the clinical approaches being undertaken to examine regeneration in liver diseases.