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Avaliação da educação superior : uma realidade na educação medica; Institutional evaluation: a reality in medical education

Gianna Lepre Perim
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/10/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.13%
Com o objetivo de analisar o processo de avaliação do Curso de Medicina da UEL e a partir deste, conhecer o desempenho de seus estudantes, em comparação com outros cursos de medicina do país, este estudo possibilitou o acompanhamento do processo de avaliação desenvolvido pelo curso nos moldes do SINAES (auto-avaliação, avaliação externa e reavaliação) e a análise dos resultados obtidos por seus estudantes no ENADE 2004. Considerando que o Curso utiliza Metodologias Ativas de Ensinoaprendizagem no desenvolvimento do currículo integrado, comparou-se o desempenho de seus estudantes com o desempenho de estudantes de Escolas Médicas que utilizam Metodologias de Ensino semelhantes e diferentes. Para compreender esse processo foi necessário analisar a Educação Superior e a Educação Médica, e o papel da avaliação no contexto das mudanças, particularmente na mudança de paradigma da Educação Médica. Os resultados demonstraram que o desempenho dos estudantes da UEL supera a média dos grupos estudados e equivale aos resultados dos estudantes das melhores escolas do país, considerando os resultados do ENADE 2004. O estudo reforçou a importância do papel da avaliação nos processos de mudança da Educação Superior; The aims of the present study were to analyze the evaluation process of the Medical School (MS-UEL) at the State University of Londrina-Brazil and to compare the academic performance of its students to their fellows from other Medical Schools throughout the country. This study also provided to the MS-UEL the chance to follow its own evaluation process which was developed according to SINAES (self-evaluation...

Epistemological anarchism of Paul Karl Feyerabend and medical education

Gomes,Andréia Patrícia; Siqueira-Batista,Rodrigo; Rego,Sergio
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Educação Médica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Educação Médica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.99%
The thoughts of the philosopher Paul Karl Feyerabend brought important contributions to the debate on Science in the 20th century. Most recently his views about non-existence of a single method for doing science have been employed to rethink science education and propose the use of multiple methods for effective teaching-learning process. This article employs the theoretical framework of the author expressed in the book Against Method, 1977, about the epistemological anarchism and the methodological pluralism and uses it in the contemporary discussion of medical education.

Assessing Continuing Medical Education Needs in New Mexico

Kantrowitz, Martin P.; Divasto, Peter V.; Starks, Ann M.; Counsellor, Aleksandra; Orgel, Linda
Tipo: text
Publicado em /01/1983 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.02%
In 1981 a decision was made by the University of New Mexico School of Medicine to create a new Office of Community Professional Education whose primary function was to create continuing medical education programs tailored to its constituency. To accomplish this, a needs assessment survey was distributed to a stratified random sample of members of the New Mexico Medical Society practicing throughout the state to determine preferred learning styles, locations of programs and times of year, as well as other determinants for attending such programs. The survey was received by 647 physicians and 469 returned them—a response rate of 72.4 percent.

Continuing Medical Education Tuition: A Survey of Charges

Andrews, Neil C.
Tipo: text
Publicado em /04/1980 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.94%
A survey was carried out on the tuition charged for continuing medical education (CME) programs offered by a variety of providers. These included schools of medicine throughout the United States, national organizations and societies, state-wide organizations and societies located in California, and a small group of hospitals in or near Sacramento, California.

A Prospectus for Canadian Studies in Medical Education

Badgley, Robin F.; Anderson, Donald O.; Hetherington, Robert W.; Riches, Eleanor
Tipo: text
Publicado em 06/04/1963 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.04%
The need for factual information on all phases of medical education is widely recognized. In the United States the Association of American Medical Colleges has initiated an extensive program of research in medical education. No comparable program exists in Canada.

The Role of a Tutorial System in Undergraduate Medical Education

Goldbloom, Richard B.; Jones, G. Melvill
Tipo: text
Publicado em 08/04/1967 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.97%
A tutorial system for first- and second-year medical students is now in its third year of operation at McGill University. The program was designed to meet the specific needs of McGill students. The aims and objectives were intentionally defined in a general way, application of detail being the responsibility of individual tutors and their groups of students. The main purpose of the program is the repeated exposure of students to the individual competence of outstanding teachers. A large majority of students and tutors favour the program. It has provided faculty members with insight into some of the problems of present-day medical education. The consensus is that, in the Faculty of Medicine at McGill University, the tutorial system serves an important role, complementing the normal curriculum.

Research in Medical Education: Some Methodological Considerations

Flowers, John F.
Tipo: text
Publicado em 01/04/1967 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66%
The complexities of describing human characteristics with sufficient accuracy to enable successful selection of candidates for medical school demand precise and penetrating analysis. An important tool is statistical analysis; however, current methods have not been sufficient. Methods of multivariate analysis which have been extended only recently to problems in the social sciences have great diversity and power. These methods have been outlined and their application in medical education indicated. The appropriateness of a particular method depends upon four factors: the subjects under study, nature of the data, conditions under which data were obtained, and the purpose of the analysis. A critical consideration of these factors should enable the choice of a method capable of providing meaningful conclusions concerning medical school selection to be made.

Continuing Medical Education: Some Thoughts on Sponsorship

Cameron, Douglas G.
Tipo: text
Publicado em 03/04/1965 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.05%
The proper role of departments of continuing medical education in the medical faculties of universities needs to be more clearly defined. Much of the initiative for the development of extramural postgraduate instruction in this country came from organized medicine. The individual practising doctor has traditionally made his needs known most effectively through his professional organizations and should be encouraged to continue to do so. The individual doctor, professional organizations, hospitals and medical schools are all vital elements in any successful program of continuing medical education. A variety of administrative patterns may well emerge, each adapted specially to the region it serves. With a sense of urgency and the co-operation of all concerned, rapid progress in this important field is clearly possible.

A Research Program in Medical Education in Canada

Fish, D. G.
Tipo: text
Publicado em 03/04/1965 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.11%
The current interest in medical education and the proposed expansion of medical education facilities have stimulated the development of a research program by the secretariat of the Association of Canadian Medical Colleges. The projects planned and now in progress include: (1) studies of the cost of medical education in Canadian teaching hospitals and medical schools; (2) a study of the basic medical science departments in Canada with special reference to the occupational careers of scientists who have received M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees in those departments; (3) establishment of a student registry to facilitate prospective studies of Canadian medical students; (4) a survey of the residents in training in Canadian hospitals to obtain their evaluation of their training experience.

Interactive Video in Medical Education

Chandrasekhar, Arcot J.; Price, Ronald N.
Tipo: text
Publicado em 08/11/1989 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.97%
A variety of attributes have to be taught to a medical student. Various formats of these skills are currently in vogue, namely lectures, small group sessions, preceptorships, etc. The objective of this project is to evaluate the utility of interactive video in medical education. Lessons using interactive video were developed to teach history taking skills, procedural skills, problem solving skills and to acquire knowledge base. Evaluation strategies are being developed to assess which format, which skills and which student ideally benefits from this technology.

Perceptions of Students in Different Phases of Medical Education of Educational Environment: Ankara University Faculty of Medicine

Demirören, M.; Palaoglu, Ö.; Kemahli, S.; Özyurda, F.; Ayhan, I.H.
Fonte: Medical Education Online Publicador: Medical Education Online
Tipo: text
Publicado em 09/06/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.94%
The present study was undertaken to identify the perceptions of students about their educational environment in a newly restructured curriculum. The Turkish version of the DREEM questionnaire (total score: 200) was used to diagnose the strengths and weaknesses of the curriculum which is known to be a major determinant of educational environment. Five hundred fifty three students (years 1, 3, 5) voluntarily replied to the questionnaire. The mean DREEM score was found to be 117.63 (58.8%). The mean scores for the whole DREEM questionnaire and the five essential domains were found to be significantly different in different phases of medical education. The scores were found to be highest (123.65) for year 3 students and lowest (109.39) for year 5 students. The results are the first data of a curriculum reform obtained from the students about the educational environment and give important feedback to curriculum planners and change managers of the faculty for necessary improvement.

The Revolution in Medical Education—The Role of Simulation

Satava, Richard M.
Fonte: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Publicador: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education
Tipo: text
Publicado em /12/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.08%
The last major change in medical education was the Flexner Report, over a century ago. Since that time, iterative improvements have occurred to the question-and-answer and “see one, do one, teach one” educational environment. However, multiple external forces—from the 80-hour work week to the emphasis on patient safety to competing demands on student and faculty time—have raised calls for a fundamental revamping of the entire medical educational process. Fortunately, new methods, curricula, and processes, such as Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education competencies or Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills, as well as innovative technologies such as web-based learning and simulation, have provided opportunities to support the revolution in medical education that will be responsive to national priorities, the public concern, and, most of all, to patient safety.

The Direct, Indirect, and Intangible Benefits of Graduate Medical Education Programs to Their Sponsoring Institutions and Communities

Pugno, Perry A.; Gillanders, William Ross; Kozakowski, Stanley M.
Fonte: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Publicador: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education
Tipo: text
Publicado em /06/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.94%
Declining reimbursement for graduate medical education (GME) as well as increasing hospital competition has placed the cost of GME in the spotlight of institutional administrators. Traditional hospital-generated cost center profit and loss statements fail to accurately reflect the full economic impact of training programs on the institution as well as the larger community. A more complete analysis would take into consideration the direct, indirect, and “intangible” benefits of GME programs. The GME programs usually have a favorable impact on the trainees themselves, the sponsoring institution, the local community, university sponsors and affiliates, and the greater community, and all of these areas need to be considered in the economic analysis. Complete analyses of programs often demonstrate very positive benefits to their sponsoring institutions that would not be recognized on simple cost center profit and loss reports. Studies in the literature that quantify the net economic benefits of GME programs are consistent in their favorable findings.

Toward “The Genius of the AND”: Balancing Professionalism and Duty Hour Requirements in Graduate Medical Education

Stoller, James K; Isaacson, J. Harry; Nielsen, Craig
Fonte: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Publicador: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education
Tipo: text
Publicado em /09/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.94%
Although enhancing professionalism and ensuring compliance with duty hour regulations both represent important priorities of current graduate medical education, tension in reconciling these goals has been expressed. The term tyranny of the OR has been coined to express the assumption of dichotomous thinking, that is, that we assume we must choose between seemingly competing goals. In contrast, because there is powerful creative value in adopting a bridging mindset, an alternative state called the genius of the AND has been defined to express the benefits of reconciling perceived competing goals.

Focus on Performance: The 21st Century Revolution in Medical Education

Davidoff, Frank
Fonte: Medknow Publications Publicador: Medknow Publications
Tipo: text
Publicado em //2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.02%
For centuries medicine was predominantly a tradition-based “trade” until the introduction of science transformed it into an intellectually rigorous discipline. That transformation contributed heavily to the dominance in medical education of the learning of biomedical concepts (“knowing that”) over learning how to translate that knowledge into clinical performance (“knowing how”). The recent emergence of performance-oriented educational initiatives suggests, however, that the balance between these two complementary approaches is changing, a change that has been referred to as “the Flexnerian revolution of the 21st century.” Problem-based learning, learning the practice of evidence-based medicine, and learning to use clinical guidelines are among the important initiatives designed to develop high-level performance in the care of individual patients. Initiatives in which learners acquire skill in changing the performance of care systems are also being widely implemented. These trends have received important formal support through recent changes in residency training accreditation standards. Although it is too early to assess the impact of these initiatives or to know whether they will develop further, medical education is unlikely to reach its full potential unless it successfully comes to grips with the challenges of understanding...

To Play or Not To Play: Leveraging Video in Medical Education

Hurtubise, Larry; Martin, Bryan; Gilliland, Anne; Mahan, John
Fonte: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Publicador: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education
Tipo: text
Publicado em /03/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.94%
While video is a powerful teaching and learning tool because it can influence knowledge, skills, and attitude formation effectively and reach learners with various learning and communication styles, there are pedagogical, technical, and copyright considerations. Instructors must know sources of appropriate videos, select effective video segments, apply various strategies for incorporating video triggers into the overall educational process, refine the message, overcome technological obstacles, and comply with copyright laws. One might ask, “Is using video triggers to improve your teaching worth it?” “Yes!” Numerous studies demonstrate that using video in many medical education settings supports and enhances learning and offers a bigger advantage in contrast with traditional methods.

“Portfolios” as a method of assessment in medical education

Haldane, Thea
Fonte: Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases Publicador: Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases
Tipo: text
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.94%
Portfolios are increasingly used in postgraduate medical education and in gastroenterology training as an assessment tool, as documentation of competence, a database of procedure experience (for example endoscopy experience) and for revalidation purposes. In this paper the educational theory behind their use is described and the evidence for their use is discussed.

Visual analytics in healthcare education: exploring novel ways to analyze and represent big data in undergraduate medical education

Vaitsis, Christos; Nilsson, Gunnar; Zary, Nabil
Fonte: PeerJ Inc. Publicador: PeerJ Inc.
Tipo: text
Publicado em 25/11/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.14%
Introduction. The big data present in the medical curriculum that informs undergraduate medical education is beyond human abilities to perceive and analyze. The medical curriculum is the main tool used by teachers and directors to plan, design, and deliver teaching and assessment activities and student evaluations in medical education in a continuous effort to improve it. Big data remains largely unexploited for medical education improvement purposes. The emerging research field of visual analytics has the advantage of combining data analysis and manipulation techniques, information and knowledge representation, and human cognitive strength to perceive and recognize visual patterns. Nevertheless, there is a lack of research on the use and benefits of visual analytics in medical education.

Exploring the practical themes for medical education social accountability in Iran

Ahmady, Soleiman; Akbari Lakeh, Maryam
Fonte: Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Publicador: Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
Tipo: text
Publicado em //2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.97%
Aim: The purpose of this paper is to explore themes for enhancing socially accountability in medical education.

A National Survey of Medical Education Fellowships

Thompson, Britta M.; Searle, Nancy S.; Gruppen, Larry D.; Nelson, Elizabeth A.; Hatem, Charles Joseph
Fonte: Medical Education Online Publicador: Medical Education Online
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.13%
Purpose: The purpose of our study was to determine the prevalence, focus, time commitment, graduation requirements and programme evaluation methods of medical education fellowships throughout the United States. Medical education fellowships are defined as a single cohort of medical teaching faculty who participate in an extended faculty development programme. Methods: A 26-item online questionnaire was distributed to all US medical schools (n=127) in 2005 and 2006. The questionnaire asked each school if it had a medical education fellowship and the characteristics of the fellowship programme. Results: Almost half (n=55) of the participating schools (n=120, response rate 94.5%) reported having fellowships. Duration (10-584 hours) and length (