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Cuff-induced vascular intima thickening is influenced by titration of the Ace gene in mice

LACCHINI, Silvia; HEIMANN, Andrea S.; EVANGELISTA, Fabiana S.; CARDOSO, Leandro; SILVA, Gustavo J. J.; KRIEGER, Jose E.
Fonte: AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC Publicador: AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Lacchini S, Heimann AS, Evangelista FS, Cardoso L, Silva GJ, Krieger JE. Cuff-induced vascular intima thickening is influenced by titration of the Ace gene in mice. Physiol Genomics 37: 225-230, 2009. First published March 3, 2009; doi:10.1152/physiolgenomics.90288.2008.-We tested the hypothesis that small changes in angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) expression can alter the vascular response to injury. Male mice containing one, two, three, and four copies of the Ace gene with no detectable vascular abnormality or changes in blood pressure were submitted to cuff-induced femoral artery injury. Femoral thickening was higher in 3- and 4-copy mice (42.4 +/- 4.3% and 45.7 +/- 6.5%, respectively) compared with 1- and 2-copy mice (8.3 +/- 1.3% and 8.5 +/- 0.9%, respectively). Femoral ACE levels from control and injured vessels were assessed in 1- and 3-copy Ace mice, which represent the extremes of the observed response. ACE vascular activity was higher in 3- vs. 1-copy Ace mice (2.4-fold, P < 0.05) in the control uninjured vessel. Upon injury, ACE activity significantly increased in both groups [2.41-fold and 2.14-fold (P < 0.05) for 1- and 3-copy groups, respectively] but reached higher levels in 3- vs. 1-copy Ace mice (P < 0.05). Pharmacological interventions were then used as a counterproof and to indirectly assess the role of angiotensin II (ANG II) on this response. Interestingly...

Accentuated osteoclastic response to parathyroid hormone undermines bone mass acquisition in osteonectin-null mice

REIS, Luciene Machado do; KESSLER, Catherine B.; ADAMS, Douglas J.; LORENZO, Joseph; JORGETTI, Vanda; DELANY, Anne M.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Matricellular proteins play a unique role in the skeleton as regulators of bone remodeling, and the matricellular protein osteonectin (SPARC, BM-40) is the most abundant non-collagenous protein in bone In. the absence of osteonectin, mice develop progressive low turnover osteopenia, particularly affecting trabecular bone. Polymorphisms in a regulatory region of the osteonectin gene are associated with bone mass in a subset of idiopathic osteoporosis patients, and these polymorphisms likely regulate osteonectin expression. Thus it is important to determine how osteonectin gene dosage affects skeletal function. Moreover, intermittent administration of parathyroid hormone (PTH) (1-34) is the only anabolic therapy approved for the treatment of osteoporosis, and it is critical to understand how modulators of bone remodeling, such as osteonectin, affect skeletal response to anabolic agents. In this study, 10 week old female wild type, osteonectin-haploinsufficient, and osteonectin-null mice (C57Bl/6 genetic background) were given 80 mu g/kg body weight/day PTH(1-34) for 4 weeks. Osteonectin gene dosage had a profound effect on bone microarchitecture. The connectivity density of trabecular bone in osteonectin-haploinsufficient mice was substantially decreased compared with that of wild type mice...

Humoral responses and immune protection in mice immunized with irradiated T. gondii tachyzoites and challenged with three genetically distinct strains of T. gondii

ZORGI, Nahiara Esteves; COSTA, Andrea; GALISTEO JUNIOR, Andres Jimenez; NASCIMENTO, Nanci do; ANDRADE JUNIOR, Heitor Franco de
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite that infects a variety of mammals and birds. T. gondii also causes human toxoplasmosis; although toxoplasmosis is generally a benign disease, ocular, congenital or reactivated disease is associated with high numbers of disabled people. Infection occurs orally through the ingestion of meat containing cysts or by the intake of food or water contaminated with oocysts. Although the immune system responds to acute infection and mediates the clearance of tachyzoites, parasite cysts persist for the lifetime of the host in tissues such as the eye, muscle, and CNS. However, T. gondii RH strain tachyzoites irradiated with 255 Gy do not cause residual infection and induce the same immunity as a natural infection. To assess the humoral response in BALB/c and C57BL/6J mice immunized with irradiated tachyzoites either by oral gavage (p.o.) or intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection, we analyzed total and high-affinity IgG and IgA antibodies in the serum. High levels of antigen-specific IgG were detected in the serum of parenterally immunized mice, with lower levels in mice immunized via the oral route. However, most serum antibodies exhibited low affinity for antigen in both mice strain. We also found antigen specific IgA antibodies in the stools of the mice...

Immunolocalization and pathological alterations following Strongyloides venezuelensis infection in the lungs and the intestine of MHC class I or II deficient mice

GONCALVES, A. L. R.; RODRIGUES, R. M.; SILVA, N. M.; GONCALVES, F. A.; CARDOSO, C. R.; BELETTI, M. E.; UETA, M. T.; SILVA, J. S.; COSTA-CRUZA, J. M.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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The present study, investigated the mechanisms involved in the immune responses of Major Histocompatibility Complex class I or class II knockout mice, following Strongyloides venezuelensis infection. Wild-type C57BL/6 (WT), MHC II(-/-) and MHC I(-/-) mice were individually inoculated with 3000 larvae (U) of S. venezuelensis and sacrificed on days 1, 3, 5, 8, 13 and 21 post-infection (p.i.). Samples of blood, lungs and small intestines were collected. The tissue samples were stained with hematoxylineosin for the pathological analysis. The presence of the parasite was demonstrated by immunoperoxidase analysis. MHC II(-/-) mice presented a significantly higher number of adult worms recovered from the small intestine on day 5 p.i. and presented elevated numbers of eggs in the feces. The infection by S. venezuelensis was completely eliminated 13 days after infection in WT as well as in MHC I(-/-) mice. In MHC II(-/-) mice, eggs and adult worms were still found on day 21 p.i., however, there was a significant reduction in their numbers. In the lung, the parasite was observed in MHC I(-/-) on day 1 p.i. and in MHC II(-/-) mice on days 1 and 5 p.i. In the small intestine of WT mice, a larger number of parasites were observed on day 8 p.i. and their absence was observed after day 13 p.i. Through immunohistochemistry analysis...

Effects of individual housing on behavior and resistance to Ehrlich tumor growth in mice

PALERMO-NETO, J.; FONSECA, E. S. M.; QUINTEIRO-FILHO, W. M.; CORREIA, C. S. C.; SAKAI, M.
Fonte: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD Publicador: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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This study analyzed in Balb/C mice the effects of individual housing on behavior, serum corticosterone and resistance to Ehrlich tumor growth. Mice (60 days old) were individually (IH) or grouped housed (G) (10-12 animals/cage) for 14-21 days. The 1st day of the housing condition was considered experimental day 1 (ED1). Results showed that on ED21, IH mice, when compared to G mice, presented no differences on corticosterone serum levels when kept undisturbed; however, an increased level of this hormone was observed in IH mice after an immobilization stress challenge. An increased time spent in the plus-maze closed arms and a decreased time in the open arms were also observed in IH mice. When compared to G animals, after inoculation with 105 Ehrlich tumor cells on ED1, IH mice presented an increase in volume of ascitic fluid and number of tumor cells. The survival time of IH mice was also shorter than that measured in G animals. Furthermore, IH mice injected with a different number of tumor cells on ED1 always presented increased Ehrlich tumor cells than G group. Interestingly. these effects were not observed when the tumor cells injection was done on ED4. These results suggest that individual-housing conditions induce an altered immune-endocrine response and...

The inactive form of glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta is associated with the development of carcinomas in galectin-3 wild-type mice, but not in galectin-3-deficient mice

Mendonca, Daniella Fernandes; Chammas, Roger; Liu, Fu-Tong; Nonogaki, Suely; Cardoso, Sergio Vitorino; Loyola, Adriano Mota; de Faria, Paulo Rogerio
Fonte: E-CENTURY PUBLISHING CORP; MADISON Publicador: E-CENTURY PUBLISHING CORP; MADISON
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Galectin-3 has been implicated in the tumor development via its mediation of the Wnt signaling pathway. Likewise, glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK3 beta) also plays a role in the Wnt signaling pathway by controlling the levels of cytoplasmic beta-catenin. Altered GSK3 beta expression has been described in various tumors, but to date, there are no studies evaluating its expression in models of oral carcinogenesis. Additionally, it is unknown whether the absence of galectin-3 regulates the expression of GSK3 beta. To this end, Gal3-deficient (Gal3(-/-)) and wild-type (Gal3(+/+)) male mice were treated with 4NQO for 16 weeks and sacrificed at week 16 and 32. The tongues were removed, processed, and stained with H&E to detect dysplasias and carcinomas. An immunohistochemical assay was performed to determine the level of P-GSK3 beta-Ser9 expression in both groups. Carcinomas were more prevalent in Gal3(+/+) than Gal3(-/-) mice (55.5% vs. 28.5%), but no statistical difference was reached. In the dysplasias, the proportion of cells positive for P-GSK3 beta-Ser9 was slightly higher in Gal3(+/+) than Gal3(-/-) mice (63% vs. 61%). In the carcinomas, a significant difference between Gal3(+/+) and Gal3(-/-) mice was found (74% vs. 59%; p=0.02). P-GSK3 beta-Ser9-positive cells slightly decreased from the progression of dysplasias to carcinomas in Gal3(-/-) mice (61% vs. 59%; p>0.05). However...

Consequences of pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus in immunodeficient mice

Vignoli, Thiago; Nehlig, Astrid; Massironi, Silvia Gomes; Sinigaglia Coimbra, Rita de Cassia; Naffah Mazzacoratti, Maria da Graca; Silva, Iara Ribeiro; de Castro Neto, Eduardo Ferreira; Persike, Daniele Suzete; da Silva Fernandes, Maria Jose
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV; AMSTERDAM Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV; AMSTERDAM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Systemic injection of pilocarpine in rodents induces status epilepticus (SE) and reproduces the main characteristics of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Different mechanisms are activated by SE contributing to cell death and immune system activation. We used BALB/c nude mice, a mutant that is severely immunocompromised, to characterize seizure pattern, neurochemical changes, cell death and c-Fos activation secondarily to pilocarpine-induced SE. The behavioral seizures were less severe in BALB/c nude than in BALB/c wild type mice. However, nude mice presented more tonic clonic episodes and higher mortality rate during SE. The c-Fos expression was most prominent in the caudate-putamen, CA3 (p < 0.05), dentate gyrus, entorhinal cortex (p < 0.001), basolateral nucleus of amygdala (p < 0.01) and piriform cortex (p < 0.05) of BALB/c nude mice than of BALB/c. Besides, nude mice subjected to SE presented high number of Fluorojade-B (FJB) stained cells in the piriform cortex, amygdala (p < 0.05) and hilus (p < 0.05) in comparison with BALB/c mice. A significant increase in the level of glutamate and GABA was found in the hippocampus and cortex of BALB/c mice presenting SE in comparison to controls. However, the level of glutamate was higher in the brains of BALB nude mice than in the brains of BALB/c wild type mice...

Serologic and molecular diagnostic and bioassay in mice for detection of Toxoplasma gondii in free ranges chickens from Pantanal of Mato Grosso do Sul

Holsback, Luciane; Pena, Hilda F. de J.; Ragozo, Alessandra; Lopes, Estela G.; Gennari, Solange M.; Soares, Rodrigo M.
Fonte: REVISTA PESQUISA VETERINARIA BRASILEIRA; RIO JANEIRO Publicador: REVISTA PESQUISA VETERINARIA BRASILEIRA; RIO JANEIRO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Holsback L., Pena H.F.J., Ragozo A., Lopes E. G., Gennari S. M. & Soares R. M. 2012. Serologic and molecular diagnostic and bioassay in mice for detection of Toxoplasma gondii in free range chickens from Pantanal of Mato Grosso do Sul. Pesquisa Veterinaria Brasileira 32(8): 721-726. Setor de Veterinaria e Producao Animal, Universidade Estadual do Norte do Parana, Campus Luiz Meneghel, Rodovia BR 369 Km 54, Bandeirantes, PR 86360-000, Brazil. E-mail: lhsfertonani@uenp.edu.br The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of Toxoplasma gondii and compare the results obtained in the Modified Agglutination Test (MAT), Polimerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and bioassay in mice. In order to accomplish this, 40 free-range chickens from eight farms in neighboring areas to the Pantanal in Nhecolandia, Mato Grosso do Sul, were euthanized and blood samples, brain and heart were collected. The occurrence of anti-T. gondii antibodies found in chickens was 67.5% (27 samples), considering as a cutoff point the dilution 1:5. Among the samples analyzed, 7 (25.9%) were positive in the dilution 1: 5, 3 (11.1%) in 1: 10, 2 (7.4%) in 1: 20, 3 (11.1%) in 1: 320, 1 (3.7%) in 1: 640, 3 (11.1%) in 1: 1280, 2 (7.4%) in 1: 2560, 4 (14.8%) in 1: 5120 and 2 (7.4%) in 1: 10.240. From the mixture of tissue samples (brain and heart) from the chickens analyzed...

Lack of signaling by IL-4 or by IL-4/IL-13 has more attenuating effects on Leishmania amazonensis dorsal skin - than on footpad-infected mice

Felizardo, Tania C.; Gaspar-Elsas, Maria I. C.; Lima, Gloria M. C. A.; Abrahamsohn, Ises A.
Fonte: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE; SAN DIEGO Publicador: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE; SAN DIEGO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Lesion development in tegumentary leishmaniasis is markedly influenced by the inoculation site and the type and number of injected infective forms. This and the yet unclear contribution of Th2 cytokines as susceptibility factors to Leishmania amazonensis infection prompted us to investigate the roles of IL-4, IL-13 and IL-10 on C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice infected in the footpad (paw) or rump with low-dose L. amazonensis purified-metacyclics. Wild-type (WT) mice of either strain developed, in the rump, a single large ulcerated lesion whereas paw lesions never ulcerated and were much smaller in C57BL/6 than in BALB/c mice. However, rump-inoculated IL-4-deficient (IL-4(-/-))C57BL/6 mice did not develop any visible lesions although parasites remained in the dermis and lymph nodes, even after systemic IL-10-receptor blocking. By comparison, all IL-4(-/-) BALB/c mice developed rump ulcers. Strikingly, only 30% of rump-infected IL-4R alpha(-/-) BALB/c mice developed lesions. IL-4(-/-) mice had higher IFN-gamma and lower IL-10 and IL-13 levels than WT mice. Paw-infected IL-4R alpha(-/-) BALB/c mice developed minimal paw lesions. While other factors contributing to L amazonensis susceptibility cannot be discounted, our results indicate that absent signalling by IL-4 or by IL-4/IL-13 have more intense attenuating effects on rump than on paw lesions but do not eradicate parasitism. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.; Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); Fundacao de Amparo A Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq)

Changes in CREB activation in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus blunt ethanol-induced behavioral sensitization in adolescent mice

Simi, Sabrina Lucio Soares; Pastrello, Daniel M.; Ferreira, Zulma Felisbina da Silva; Yonamine, Maurício; Marcourakis, Tania; Scavone, Cristoforo; Camarini, Rosana
Fonte: Frontiers Research Foundation; Lausanne Publicador: Frontiers Research Foundation; Lausanne
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Drug dependence is a major health problem in adults and has been recognized as a significant problem in adolescents. We previously demonstrated that repeated treatment with a behaviorally sensitizing dose of ethanol in adult mice induced tolerance or no sensitization in adolescents and that repeated ethanol-treated adolescents expressed lower Fos and Egr-1 expression than adult mice in the prefrontal cortex (PFC). In the present work, we investigated the effects of acute and repeated ethanol administration on cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) response element-binding protein (CREB) DNA-binding activity using the electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) and the phosphorylated CREB (pCREB)/CREB ratio using immunoblotting in both the PFC and hippocampus in adolescent and adult mice. Adult mice exhibited typical locomotor sensitization after 15 days of daily treatment with 2.0 g/kg ethanol, whereas adolescent mice did not exhibit sensitization. Overall, adolescent mice displayed lower CREB binding activity in the PFC compared with adult mice, whereas opposite effects were observed in the hippocampus. The present results indicate that ethanol exposure induces significant and differential neuroadaptive changes in CREB DNA-binding activity in the PFC and hippocampus in adolescent mice compared with adult mice. These differential molecular changes may contribute to the blunted ethanol-induced behavioral sensitization observed in adolescent mice.; São Paulo Research Foundation (Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo - FAPESP - 2007/53848-6); São Paulo Research Foundation (Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo - FAPESP - 2007/07871-6); São Paulo Research Foundation (Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo - FAPESP - 2012/10260-7); National Counsel of Technological and Scientific Development (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico - CNPq 470352/2007-8); FAPESP (2006/52485-4)

Estudo de mecanismos regulatórios envolvidos na regeneração tecidual em linhagens de camundongos geneticamente selecionados para máxima ou mínima resposta inflamatória aguda.; Study of regulatory mechanisms involved in tissue regeneration in mice selected for high or low acute inflammatory response.

Garcia, Ludmila Valino
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: dissertação de mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/09/2010 Português
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Camundongos foram selecionados geneticamente para alta (AIRmax) ou baixa (AIRmin) resposta inflamatória aguda, sendo utilizados em experimentos de regeneração tecidual. Foi observado que AIRmax apresentam uma regeneração rápida do tecido da orelha em relação aos AIRmin, sugerindo a existência de loci reguladores comuns para ambos fenótipos de inflamação e regeneração do tecido. Neste estudo investigamos o fenótipo inflamatório e o perfil de expressão gênica global em AIRmax e AIRmin durante a fase inicial da regeneração do tecido da orelha. A análise histológica mostrou que AIRmax apresentam uma regeneração completa, com formação de ilhas de cartilagem e glândulas sebáceas no centro da área regenerada. Os AIRmin não apresentam regeneração. Os dados obtidos sobre edema de orelha e níveis de MPO foram maiores em AIRmax quando comparados com AIRmin (P; Mice selected for high (AIRmax) or low (AIRmin) acute inflammatory response were used in tissue regeneration experiments. It was observed that AIRmax present faster ear tissue regeneration than AIRmin mice, suggesting the involvement of common regulatory loci for both inflammation and ear tissue regeneration phenotypes. In the study we investigated some inflammatory phenotypes and global gene expression profiles in AIRmax and AIRmin mice during the initial phase of the ear tissue regeneration. The histological analyses showed that AIRmax regeneration was complete...

Immune Response to the Rhodococcus equi infection in high and low antibody-producing mice (selection IV-A)

Pedrini, Sílvia C.B.; Acorci, Michele J.; Pinto, João G.G.; Silveira, Liciana V.A.; Oliveira, Silvio L.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 915-923
Português
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Rhodococcus equi is a Gram-positive, facultative intracellular bacterium which infects macrophages and causes rhodococcal pneumonia and enteritis in foals. Recently, this agent has been recognized as an opportunistic pathogen for immunocompromised humans. Several murine experimental models have been used to study R. equi infection. High (H IV-A) and Low (L IV-A) antibody (Ab)-producers mice were obtained by bi-directional genetic selections for their ability to produce antibodies against sheep and human erythrocytes (Selection IV-A). These lines maintain their phenotypes of high and low responders also for other antigens than those of selection (multispeciflc effect). A higher macrophage activity in L IV-A mice has been described for several intracellular infectious agents, which could be responsible for their intense macrophage antigens (Ag)-handling and low Ab production. Due to these differences, L IV-A mice were found to exhibit a better performance to trigger an effective immune response towards intracellular pathogens. The objective of this work was to characterize the immune response of Selection IV-A against R. equi. H IV-A and L IV-A mice were infected with 2.0 × 10 6 CFU of ATCC 33701 +R. equi by intravenous route. With regards to bacterial clearance and survival assays...

Pattern of macrophage activation in yersinia-resistant and yersinia-susceptible strains of mice

Tumitan, Ana Rita Paladino; Monnazzi, Luis Gustavo Silva; Ghiraldi, Fabrício Rodrigues; Cilli, Eduardo Maffud; De Medeiros, Beatriz Maria Machado
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1021-1028
Português
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Th1 cells, in cooperation with activated macrophages, are required to overcome Yersinia enterocolitica infection in mice. The pathway macrophages utilize to metabolize arginine can alter the outcome of inflammation in different ways. The objective of this study was to verify the pattern of macrophages activation in Y. enterocolitica infection of BALB/c (Yersinia-susceptible) and C57BL/6 (Yersinia-resistant) mice. Both strains of mice were infected with Y. enterocolitica O:8 WA 2707. Peritoneal macrophages and spleen cells were obtained on the 1st, 3rd and 5th day post-infection. The iNOS and the arginase activities were assayed in supernatants of macrophage cultures, by measuring their NO/citrulline and ornithine products, respectively. TGF?-1 production was also assayed. The Th1 and Th2 responses were evaluated in supernatants of lymphocyte cultures, by IFN-? and IL-4 production. Our results showed that in the early phase of Y. enterocolitica infection (1st and 3rd day), the macrophages from C57BL/6 mice produced higher levels of NO/citrulline and lower levels of ornithine than macrophages from BALB/c mice. The infection with Y. enterocolitica leads to an increase in the TGF-?1 and IL-4 production by BALB/c mice and to an increase in the IFN-? levels produced by C57BL/6 mice. These results suggest that Y. enterocolitica infection leads to the modulation of M1 macrophages in C57Bl/6 mice...

Atividade fisica e neuroproteção em camundongos adultos após indução de status epilepticus por pilocarpina; Physical activity and neuroprotection in adult mice after pilocarpine induced status epilepticus

Cesar Renato Sartori
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: dissertação de mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/06/2005 Português
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O modelo de epilepsia induzida por pilocarpina em camundongos reproduz a Epilepsia do Lobo Temporal (ELT) em humanos. Animais submetidos à indução de status epilepticus apresentam alterações comportamentais, eletroencefalográficas e lesão neuronal compatíveis com esta condição. Estudos recentes relatam relevantes efeitos positivos da prática de atividade física sobre o sistema nervoso tanto em humanos como em modelos animais. Dentre estes efeitos figuram o aumento da sobrevivência neuronal e da resistência cerebral a diferentes insultos, promoção da angiogênese, estímulo da neurogênese, fortalecimento da potenciação de longa duração no hipocampo, melhora da aprendizagem e memória e contribuição para a manutenção da função cognitiva durante o envelhecimento. Todos estes efeitos conferem à atividade física um grande potencial neuroprotetor. Além disso, foram relatados benefícios decorrentes desta intervenção ambiental diretamente em pacientes com epilepsia e em animais submetidos à epilepsia induzida. Contudo, não há dados na literatura sobre o possível efeito neuroprotetor da atividade física no modelo de epilepsia induzida por pilocarpina em camundongos. Assim sendo, o presente estudo teve por objetivo investigar os efeitos da atividade física voluntária crônica sobre a perda neuronal no hipocampo e suas conseqüências na função mnemônica de camundongos submetidos a este modelo experimental. Trinta e dois camundongos Swiss foram divididos em quatro grupos experimentais (n=8): Saudável Sedentário (SS)...

Disfunção do trato urinário inferior em camundongos obesos e potencial terapêutico do ativador da guanilato ciclase solúvel BAY 60-2770; Role of oxidative stress and soluble guanylate cyclase degradation in micturition dysfunction of insulin resistant obese mice

Eduardo Costa Alexandre
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: dissertação de mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/06/2014 Português
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Estudos clínicos vêm relacionando a síndrome metabólica / obesidade a sintomas do trato urinário inferior, também referidos como LUTS (da sigla Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms), os quais compreendem diversas queixas relacionadas a problemas de armazenamento e/ou esvaziamento da bexiga urinária. Estes sintomas acometem milhares de pessoas em todo o mundo, estando relacionados à frequência, urgência e noctúria, e frequentemente associados à bexiga hiperativa, que pode evoluir para incontinência urinária. O trato urinário inferior (TUI) é composto basicamente pela bexiga e uretra. A dinâmica vesicoesfincteriana compreende duas fases: Fase de armazenamento e Fase de eliminação. Estes processos envolvem uma sincronia de ações do músculo liso detrusor e uretra para um correto ciclo miccional. A despeito dos estudos epidemiológicos apontarem para uma correlação positiva entre síndrome metabólica/obesidade e LUTS, os mecanismos fisiopatológicos envolvidos permanecem pouco compreendidos. Portando, utilizando um modelo animal de obesidade associada à bexiga hiperativa, procuramos analisar as alterações causadas pela obesidade no trato urinário inferior antes e após o tratamento com o ativador da GCs, BAY 60-2770. O BAY 60-2770 faz parte de uma nova classe de drogas...

Immunolocalization and pathological alterations following Strongyloides venezuelensis infection in the lungs and the intestine of MHC class I or II deficient mice

GONCALVES, A. L. R.; RODRIGUES, R. M.; SILVA, N. M.; GONCALVES, F. A.; CARDOSO, C. R.; BELETTI, M. E.; UETA, M. T.; SILVA, J. S.; COSTA-CRUZA, J. M.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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The present study, investigated the mechanisms involved in the immune responses of Major Histocompatibility Complex class I or class II knockout mice, following Strongyloides venezuelensis infection. Wild-type C57BL/6 (WT), MHC II(-/-) and MHC I(-/-) mice were individually inoculated with 3000 larvae (U) of S. venezuelensis and sacrificed on days 1, 3, 5, 8, 13 and 21 post-infection (p.i.). Samples of blood, lungs and small intestines were collected. The tissue samples were stained with hematoxylineosin for the pathological analysis. The presence of the parasite was demonstrated by immunoperoxidase analysis. MHC II(-/-) mice presented a significantly higher number of adult worms recovered from the small intestine on day 5 p.i. and presented elevated numbers of eggs in the feces. The infection by S. venezuelensis was completely eliminated 13 days after infection in WT as well as in MHC I(-/-) mice. In MHC II(-/-) mice, eggs and adult worms were still found on day 21 p.i., however, there was a significant reduction in their numbers. In the lung, the parasite was observed in MHC I(-/-) on day 1 p.i. and in MHC II(-/-) mice on days 1 and 5 p.i. In the small intestine of WT mice, a larger number of parasites were observed on day 8 p.i. and their absence was observed after day 13 p.i. Through immunohistochemistry analysis...

Intestinal protein absorption in malnourished mice with acute schistosomiasis mansoni

Ferreira,Haroldo S.; Coutinho,Eridan M.; Teodósio,Naide R.; Cavalcanti,Claudia L.; Samico,Maria de Jesus A.
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/1993 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.09%
Intestinal protein absorption was studied in undernourished albino Swiss mice with acute schistosomiasis mansoni. Undernutrition was induced by feeding mice with the Regional Basic Diet (RBD) ingested by human populations in Northeast Brazil, an experimental model previously developed in our laboratory. Weaning mice were infected with 40 cercariae and compared to undernourished non-infected mice and/or to infected mice fed a balanced control diet. Apparent and True Protein Absorption Coefficients were determined by nitrogen balance during five consecutive days ending at the 63rd day of the trial (acute phase of murine schistosomiasis). Fecal metabolic nitrogen (FMN) was determined after administration of a non-protein diet and was also calculated through linear regression. Our results showed a reduced protein absorption in non-infected RBD-fed mice as compared to mice fed a casein control diet. Infection with Schistosoma mansoni had apparently no effect on intestinal protein absorption in well-nourished mice. However, infection seemed to interfere with protein absorption in under-nourished animals, since the lowest absorption ratios have been detected among RBD-fed infected mice. A brief discussion is made on the advantages of using the method of linear regression for the determination of FMN.

Effect of Lactobacillus delbrueckii on cholesterol metabolism in germ-free mice and on atherogenesis in apolipoprotein E knock-out mice

Portugal,L.R.; Gonçalves,J.L.; Fernandes,L.R.; Silva,H.P.S.; Arantes,R.M.E.; Nicoli,J.R.; Vieira,L.Q.; Alvarez-Leite,J.I.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.1%
Elevated blood cholesterol is an important risk factor associated with atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease. Several studies have reported a decrease in serum cholesterol during the consumption of large doses of fermented dairy products or lactobacillus strains. The proposed mechanism for this effect is the removal or assimilation of intestinal cholesterol by the bacteria, reducing cholesterol absorption. Although this effect was demonstrated in vitro, its relevance in vivo is still controversial. Furthermore, few studies have investigated the role of lactobacilli in atherogenesis. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of Lactobacillus delbrueckii on cholesterol metabolism in germ-free mice and the possible hypocholesterolemic and antiatherogenic action of these bacteria using atherosclerosis-prone apolipoprotein E (apo E) knock-out (KO) mice. For this purpose, Swiss/NIH germ-free mice were monoassociated with L. delbrueckii and fed a hypercholesterolemic diet for four weeks. In addition, apo E KO mice were fed a normal chow diet and treated with L. delbrueckii for 6 weeks. There was a reduction in cholesterol excretion in germ-free mice, which was not associated with changes in blood or liver cholesterol concentration. In apo E KO mice...

Effects of strain and age on ear wound healing and regeneration in mice

Costa,R.A.; Ruiz-de-Souza,V.; Azevedo Jr.,G.M.; Vaz,N.M.; Carvalho,C.R.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.12%
Round holes in the ears of MRL mice tend to close with characteristics of regeneration believed to be absent in other mouse strains (e.g., C57BL/6). We evaluated the kinetics and the histopathology of ear wound closure in young (8 weeks old) C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice. We also used middle-aged (40 weeks old) C57BL/6 mice to evaluate the influence of aging on this process. A circular through-and-through hole was made in the ear, photographs were taken at different times after injury and wound area was measured with digital analysis software. The percentages of closed area measured on day 100 were: 23.57 ± 8.66% for young BALB/c mice, 56.47 ± 7.39% for young C57BL/6 mice, and 75.31 ± 23.65% for middle-aged C57BL/6 mice. Mice were sacrificed on days 1, 3, 5, 25, 44, and 100 for histological evaluation with hematoxylin and eosin, Gomori’s trichrome, periodic acid-Schiff, or picrosirius red staining. In young mice of both strains, healing included re-epithelialization, chondrogenesis, myogenesis, and collagen deposition. Young C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice differed in the organization of collagen fibers visualized using picrosirius-polarization. Sebaceous glands and hair follicles regenerated and chondrogenesis was greater in young C57BL/6 mice. In middle-aged C57BL/6 mice all aspects of regeneration were depressed. The characteristics of regeneration were present during ear wound healing in both young BALB/c and young C57BL/6 mice although they differed in intensity and pattern. Greater ear wound closure in middle-aged C57BL/6 mice was not correlated with regeneration.

Effects of strain and age on ear wound healing and regeneration in mice

Costa,R.A.; Ruiz-de-Souza,V.; Azevedo Jr.,G.M.; Vaz,N.M.; Carvalho,C.R.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.12%
Round holes in the ears of MRL mice tend to close with characteristics of regeneration believed to be absent in other mouse strains (e.g., C57BL/6). We evaluated the kinetics and the histopathology of ear wound closure in young (8 weeks old) C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice. We also used middle-aged (40 weeks old) C57BL/6 mice to evaluate the influence of aging on this process. A circular through-and-through hole was made in the ear, photographs were taken at different times after injury and wound area was measured with digital analysis software. The percentages of closed area measured on day 100 were: 23.57 ± 8.66% for young BALB/c mice, 56.47 ± 7.39% for young C57BL/6 mice, and 75.31 ± 23.65% for middle-aged C57BL/6 mice. Mice were sacrificed on days 1, 3, 5, 25, 44, and 100 for histological evaluation with hematoxylin and eosin, Gomori’s trichrome, periodic acid-Schiff, or picrosirius red staining. In young mice of both strains, healing included re-epithelialization, chondrogenesis, myogenesis, and collagen deposition. Young C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice differed in the organization of collagen fibers visualized using picrosirius-polarization. Sebaceous glands and hair follicles regenerated and chondrogenesis was greater in young C57BL/6 mice. In middle-aged C57BL/6 mice all aspects of regeneration were depressed. The characteristics of regeneration were present during ear wound healing in both young BALB/c and young C57BL/6 mice although they differed in intensity and pattern. Greater ear wound closure in middle-aged C57BL/6 mice was not correlated with regeneration.