We live in a changing world. At an impressive speed, every day new technological resources appear. We increasingly use the Internet to obtain and share information, and new online communication tools are emerging. Each of them encompasses new potential and creates new audiences. In recent years, we witnessed the emergence of Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and other media platforms. They have provided us with an even greater interactivity between sender and receiver, as well as generated a new sense of community. At the same time we also see the availability of content like it never happened before. We are increasingly sharing texts, videos, photos, etc.
This poster intends to explore the potential of using these new online communication tools in the cultural sphere to create new audiences, to develop of a new kind of community, to provide information as well as different ways of building organizations’ memory. The transience of performing arts is accompanied by the need to counter that transience by means of documentation. This desire to ‘save’ events reaches its expression with the information archive of the different production moments as well as the opportunity to record the event and present it through, for instance, digital platforms.
In this poster we intend to answer the following questions: which online communication tools are being used to engage audiences in the cultural sphere (specifically between theater companies in Lisbon)? Is there a new relationship with the public? Are online communication tools creating a new kind of community? What changes are these tools introducing in the creative process? In what way the availability of content and its archive contribute to the organization memory?
Among several references...
Dissertação de Mestrado em Psicologia da Educação (Contextos Comunitários).; Os conceitos deportados e repatriados têm o mesmo significado, embora a sua designação difere consoante o país de acolhimento ou de expulsão. À luz dos países que os acolhem, no caso específico de Portugal, é vulgarmente usado o termo repatriado, significando o indivíduo que foi expulso do país para onde emigrara e que é devolvido ao seu país de origem ou ao país da sua nacionalidade. Por outro lado, nos países que os expulsam são designados de deportados. Com o presente estudo pretende-se conhecer o sentimento de comunidade e de segurança de deportados da ilha de São Miguel. Para além disso, procura-se conhecer a perceção dos deportados relativamente à comunidade que os acolhe e perceber se esta perceção varia consoante o período de tempo em que se encontram inseridos na comunidade. Pretende-se ainda, conhecer outros fatores que influenciam o sentimento de comunidade e de segurança dos deportados. Foi elaborada uma investigação de cariz qualitativa, envolvendo 9 indivíduos provenientes do Canadá e dos Estados Unidos da América (EUA), que foram deportados para a ilha de São Miguel entre o ano de 1998 e 2011. Para avaliar as variáveis de investigação foi utilizado o questionário Índice do Sentimento de Comunidade e um inquérito por entrevista. Através dos dados recolhidos pode-se afirmar que o sentimento de comunidade do grupo de participantes é elevado ou muito elevado...
Mestrado em Gestão dos Serviços de Saúde / Classificações do JEL Classification System: M10 (Business Administration: General), M29 (Business Economics: Other), I1 (Health), I19 (Other).; Sabe-se que a espiritualidade no trabalho pode influenciar o desempenho percebido pelos profissionais. Este princípio foi aplicado a um estudo na área dos cuidados de saúde primários, tendo sido comparados centros de saúde clássicos com unidades de saúde familiar. Os objectivos deste trabalho contemplam (1) verificar se existem diferenças na espiritualidade entre os profissionais das USF e dos CS (2) verificar se existem diferenças no desempenho percebido entre os profissionais das USF e dos CS e (3) verificar que dimensões da espiritualidade são preditivas do total do desempenho percebido. A amostra engloba 267 profissionais de saúde (médicos, enfermeiros e administrativos). Para medir o desempenho percebido foi usado um conjunto de seis indicadores (just-in-time, GQT, capacitação, desenvolvimento de competências, trabalho em equipa e satisfação percebida) que permitiram obter um olhar mais profundo do posicionamento da percepção actual dos profissionais destas unidades e comparar as diferenças de opiniões entre os dois modelos de organização...
Mestrado em Psicologia Comunitária e Proteção de Menores. / Classificação da American Psychological Association (APA):
3373 – Comunidade e Serviços Sociais,3120 – Traços de Personalidade e Processos; A presente investigação analisa a influência de fatores individuais (participação em grupos e/ou associações locais, personalidade (extroversão) e estatuto socioeconómico) e de fatores comunitários (relações de vizinhança (RV) e tipo de habitação), no sentimento psicológico de comunidade (SPC), numa perspetiva interacionista. Participaram no estudo 156 residentes da Alta de Lisboa, que preencheram um inquérito de auto-relato, composto pelas Escala Breve de Sentido de Comunidade, Escala de Extroversão do NEO Five Factor Inventory e Escala de Relações de Vizinhança e ainda por questões que permitiram avaliar a participação em grupos e/ou associações locais e alguns aspetos sociodemográficos. Os resultados sugerem que cada uma das variáveis estudadas está associada ao SPC e que este é influenciado por ambos os tipos de fatores. Os fatores individuais e comunitários, separadamente, explicam 49% e 60%, respetivamente, da variação do SPC. A Participação e as RV são as que mais contribuem para este resultado. Quando incluídos no mesmo modelo explicam 63% da variação do SPC...
sentimento de comunidade percebido numa
localidade específica, como num bairro residencial,
providencia vários benefícios, quer a nível individual,
quer a nível comunitário. A nível individual, quanto
maior for o sentimento de comunidade, maior será a
participação nos processos da comunidade, maior será
o capital e suporte social percebido através das
relações em vizinhança e maior será a satisfação e
qualidade de vida. A nível comunitário, quanto maior
for o sentimento de identidade e de pertença, maior
será a capacitação comunitária, promovendo
comunidades saudáveis e sustentáveis.
Em termos práticos, foi realizada uma investigação
com 15 participantes no Bairro do Armador e 15 no
Bairro de Alfama, dos 7 aos 15 anos de idade, destinatários
de projectos intervenção comunitária nos respectivos
Com este estudo aferimos a relação encontrada e a
importância de um forte sentimento de pertença e de
identidade lugar, para a satisfação e qualidade de vida,
como sendo uma estratégia eficaz para a promoção do
The perceived sense of community in a specific
location, as in a residential neighbourhood, provides
several benefits, both individual and community level.
At the individual level...
Dissertação de Mestrado em Psicologia Comunitária apresentada ao ISPA - Instituto Universitário; O objectivo desta dissertação é descrever os processos de participação cívica de jovens imigrantes dos PALOP e a relação com o sentimento de comunidade local e sentimento de comunidade nacional.
Utilizámos uma abordagem multimétodo. Na componente quantitativa foi aplicada a Escala Breve de Sentimento de Comunidade (EBSC) (Peterson, Speer & McMillan, 2008) a uma amostra de 60 participantes. Relativamente à componente qualitativa, conduzimos um grupo de discussão focalizada e quatro entrevistas individuais. Os factores de inclusão de participantes no estudo foram: nascimento num país dos PALOP e ter entre 18 e 24 anos no momento de recolha de dados.
Os dados quantitativos foram analisados estatisticamente, tendo sido realizada análise factorial exploratória, cálculos de correlações entre variáveis e testes não-paramétricos para testar a existência de diferenças nos scores da EBSC ao nível das variáveis sociodemográficas. Os dados qualitativos foram analisados à luz da análise temática.
Os resultados indicam um sentimento de comunidade mediano, tanto a nível comunitário (M = 2.77) como a nível nacional...
The sense of community is an important construct for assessing the individual’s relationship with his/her community context. This study aims to adapt the Sense of Community Index for Brazilian Children and verify its psychometric properties in this sample. The participants are 1,736 Brazilian children between 8 and 13 years old (53.3% girls). Exploratory factor analysis indicated a two-factor solution (Positive bond with community and Community neighbors’ relationships), with 47.9% of explained variance. Scale reliability was adequate (Cronbach’s ? = .78) and confirmatory factor analysis presented good fit indices (CFA > .95 and RMSEA < .05). Multigroup analysis indicated that the items have the same meanings regarding sex and age, and that the latent factors means are comparable regarding sex, but not for age. The proposed model of the instrument is adequate and can be used in future studies with Brazilian children.
This paper examines the theoretical underpinning of the community based approach to health and safety programs. Drawing upon the literature, a theory is constructed by elucidating assumptions of community based programs. The theory is then put to test by analyzing the extent to which the assumptions are supported by empirical evidence and the extent to which the assumptions have been applied in community based injury prevention practice. Seven principles representing key assumptions of the community based approach to health and safety programs are identified. The analysis suggests that some of the principles may have important shortcomings. Programs overwhelmingly define geographical or geopolitical units as communities, which is problematic considering that these entities can be heterogeneous and characterized by a weak sense of community. This may yield insufficient community mobilization and inadequate program reach. At the same time, none of the principles identified as most plausible appears to be widely or fully applied in program practice. The implication is that many community based health and safety programs do not function at an optimum level, which could explain some of the difficulties in demonstrating effectiveness seen with many of these programs.
The psychological sense of community is one of the most commonly investigated constructs in community psychology. Sense of community may be particularly important for individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) because they often face societal barriers to participation in community living, including stigma and discrimination. To date, no published studies have investigated the psychometric qualities of sense of community measures among individuals with SMI. The current study tested a series of confirmatory factor analyses using the Brief Sense of Community Index (BSCI, Long & Perkins, 2003) in a sample of 416 persons with SMI living in community settings to suggest a model of sense of community for individuals with SMI and other disabilities. The resulting scale, the Brief Sense of Community Index- Disability (BSCI-D), demonstrated good model fit and construct validity. Implications are discussed for how this scale may be used in research investigating community integration and adaptive functioning in community settings.
The sense of community index (SCI) has been widely used to measure psychological sense of community (SOC). Furthermore, SOC has been found to differ among racial groups. Since different ethnic groups have different cultural and historical experiences that may lead to different interpretations of measurement items, it is important to know whether the instrument used to measure the construct of interest has equivalency in measurement across groups or if the instrument exhibits differential item functioning (DIF). Examining DIF in the SCI helps assure that subgroup comparisons identify true differences in SOC between Blacks and Whites. We did not find DIF between races but we did find that that the SCI question ‘I feel at home in my neighborhood’ was a more reliable measure of SOC for Whites than for Blacks. In other words, this item has less measurement error for Whites than for Blacks. Therefore, differences on the SCI may be attributable to true differences in SOC between races rather than DIF.
This study uses a risk and resilience framework for conceptualizing the long-term effects of childhood family violence on mental health. It examines sense of community as a protective factor against adult psychological distress associated with experiences of physical or psychological violence in childhood from parents. Regression models are estimated using data from the 1995 National Survey of Midlife Development in the U.S. and from the 1996–97 National Study of Daily Experiences. Reported experiences of frequent psychological violence, regardless of the frequency of physical violence, is found to be positively associated with adult psychological distress. Adults’ sense of community is found to moderate the association between reports of both frequent psychological and frequent physical violence in childhood from parents and adult psychological distress.
The experience of psychological sense of community (PSOC) can play an important role in the substance abuse recovery process. This study explored the relationship between PSOC and setting-level variables of age and income amongst residents living in Oxford House, a communal, self-governed recovery housing model (n = 70). Age and income variables were not related to an overall PSOC or components such as shared common mission or feelings of reciprocal responsibility. However, both age and income variables were significant predictors of the harmony felt within these houses. The role that PSOC may play in recovery facilities and other co-housing arrangements was discussed, and implications for future research and application were outlined.
This case study explored how adolescents were empowered through after school media production activities and, in the process, re-imagined themselves as active and engaged citizens within their community. Through analyzing interviews, participant observations, and media artifacts of 14 participants (aged 15-19) over a period of 18 months, three main themes emerged from the triangulation of data: (1) sociocultural capital through group ownership; (2) safe space for creative expression; and (3) developing a sense of community with diverse voices. These young people exercised their collective voice toward pro-social actions by writing and producing their stories and showcasing their works at community screenings. They hoped that their videos would promote individual and community transformations. Building on youth development, community psychology, and media literacy frameworks, this article discusses educational implications like advocating for the power of youth media production to bridge participants’ personal and private artistry to public and political statements.
Previous researchers found that abstinence-specific self-efficacy has been predictive of the likelihood of relapse for individuals in recovery from substance abuse. Oxford Houses are sober living homes that provide mutual support and are resident funded and operated. The relationships between house level sense of community and abstinence-specific self-efficacy were examined in the present study with a sample of 754 adults living in 139 Oxford Houses nationwide in a multilevel model. A significant positive relationship between house level sense of community and self-efficacy was observed. These findings have both research and therapeutic implications.
Drawing upon a sample of 296 new immigrant women in Hong Kong, this study investigated how social service utilization, family functioning, and sense of community influenced the depressive symptoms of new immigrant women. Results of the structural equation modeling suggested that family functioning and sense of community were both significantly and negatively associated with the depression of new immigrant women. Utilization of community services also influenced the depression of immigrant women indirectly through the mediating effect of sense of community. Implications of the research findings for mental health intervention were discussed.
Serious health conditions, such as clubfoot, could be a major source of uncertainty and stress for parents of children affected. How parents deal with uncertainty and stress as related to their child’s health condition is of interest for medical professionals and health communicators alike. While physicians remain a preferred source of health information, during medical encounters or via phone and email communication, many individuals seek out health information on the Internet, including in online support communities. This study explored the connections between Uncertainty Management Theory (UMT) constructs and the potential contribution of the sense of virtual community (SOVC) to the UMT framework. The results of this research suggest that the UMT needs to be adapted for use in online contexts. One way is to include theoretical constructs, such as the sense of virtual community, specifically developed to measure online interactions. A modified and updated Uncertainty Management Theory could be useful in exploring, analyzing and understanding online behaviors related to health conditions such as clubfoot and thus contribute substantially to what we know about caregivers in their role as uncertainty managers.
A critical concept in the community psychology has been the sense of community. One of the better known instruments developed and evaluated to measure this construct is the Sense of Community Index (SCI: Perkins, Florin, Rich, Wandersman, & Chavis, 1990). The present research examined the unidimensional SCI’s measurement properties with an adult population (n = 662; M age = 38.4) recovering from substance abuse and residing in Oxford House recovery residences. Overall, the SCI exhibited sufficient reliability as a unidimensional instrument, but lacked reliability as a theoretical four factor model. It did, however, demonstrate an invariant 3 factor latent structure relating to rationale for connection (7 items), social bonds (3 items), and personal importance (2 items). Race was found to be associated with personal importance. In addition, personal importance was predictive of the likelihood of remaining a resident in Oxford House. The implications of these findings for the field of resilience are discussed.
Increasingly, people with diverse health conditions turn to social media to share their illness experiences or seek advice from others with similar health concerns. This unstructured medium may represent a platform on which individuals with severe mental illness naturally provide and receive peer support. Peer support includes a system of mutual giving and receiving where individuals with severe mental illness can offer hope, companionship, and encouragement to others facing similar challenges. In this study we explore the phenomenon of individuals with severe mental illness uploading videos to YouTube, and posting and responding to comments as a form of naturally occurring peer support. We also consider the potential risks and benefits of self-disclosure and interacting with others on YouTube. To address these questions, we used qualitative inquiry informed by emerging techniques in online ethnography. We analyzed n?=?3,044 comments posted to 19 videos uploaded by individuals who self-identified as having schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or bipolar disorder. We found peer support across four themes: minimizing a sense of isolation and providing hope; finding support through peer exchange and reciprocity; sharing strategies for coping with day-to-day challenges of severe mental illness; and learning from shared experiences of medication use and seeking mental health care. These broad themes are consistent with accepted notions of peer support in severe mental illness as a voluntary process aimed at inclusion and mutual advancement through shared experience and developing a sense of community. Our data suggest that the lack of anonymity and associated risks of being identified as an individual with severe mental illness on YouTube seem to be overlooked by those who posted comments or uploaded videos. Whether or not this platform can provide benefits for a wider community of individuals with severe mental illness remains uncertain.
This study assessed the psychometric properties of the Psychological Sense of Community Scale (PSCS). Psychological sense of community is a construct that has been developed primarily in the field of community psychology and deals with the feelings of connectedness, group membership, and need fulfillment that members of small groups or larger communities may have toward other members. The current research explores this concept in the evaluation of Oxford Houses, residential homes designed to provide mutual support to individuals recovering from substance abuse dependence, through the use of the PSCS. Overall, the PSCS was a multidimensional scale exhibiting a cluster of negatively phrased items with a large number of highly loading items. With a three factor structure, two factors were nearly perfectly correlated and neither sex nor race bias affected the initial formulation. However, sex and race were significant (but of small magnitude) covariates in a later sample, and highly reliable subscales were formulated with five items. Taken together, the PSCS was capable of performing as an acceptable measurement model in latent analysis.
Baby Boomers are on the brink of retirement. According to U.S. Census Bureau projections, the number of people aged 65 and over will more than double in the coming decades, growing from 35 million in 2000 to 72 million in 2030. The current housing stock in the United States is incapable of accommodating the particular needs and demands of this burgeoning population of older adults. In the next decade, many seniors will move from their homes into new environments, ranging from independent living communities to assisted living facilities and nursing homes, each offering a different level of support and range of services. In recent years, a more comprehensive option for seniors seeking long-term housing has grown in popularity -- the Continuing Care Retirement Community (CCRC). CCRCs encourage active independence while offering a continuum of care options from short-term rehabilitation to long-term care services. Physical, sensory, and/or cognitive abilities commonly decline with age. CCRCs meet these changing health care needs in one location, enabling an individual to age -- dignity and sense of belonging intact -- within the community, thereby precluding the need to relocate and adapt to a new setting. This research investigates the performance of the CCRC model as an approach to housing the growing population of seniors. What has been the experience of these communities to date...